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Essentials of Geology

ISBN-10: 0618070974

ISBN-13: 9780618070978

Edition: 2nd 2000

Authors: Chernicoff

List price: $92.76
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Book details

List price: $92.76
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division
Binding: CD-ROM 
Pages: 390
Size: 8.75" wide x 10.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 2.332
Language: English

Contents Note: Each chapter concludes with a Chapter Summary, Key Terms, Questions for Review, and For Further Thought. I. Forming the Earth 1. A First Look at Planet Earth Highlight 1-1 What Caused the Extinction of the Dinosaurs? The Methods of Science and Geology The Earth in Space Rocks and Geologic Time Plate Tectonics A Preview of Things to Come 2. Minerals The Chemistry of Minerals Identification of Minerals Some Common Rock-Forming Minerals Gemstones Highlight 2-1 Synthetic Gems: Can We Imitate Nature? 3. Igneous Processes and Igneous Rocks What Is Magma? Classification of Igneous Rocks Igneous Rock Formation Intrusive Rock Structures Highlight 3-1 Tabular Plutons Save the Union Plate Tectonics and Igneous Rock Igneous Rocks on the Moon The Economic Value of Igneous Rocks 4. Volcanoes and Volcanism The Nature and Origin of Volcanoes The Products of Volcanism Eruptive Styles and Associated Landforms Highlight 4-1 Mount Mazama and the Formation of Crater Lake Plate Tectonics and Volcanism Coping with Volcanic Hazards Highlight 4-2 Mount St. Helens Extraterrestrial Volcanism 5. Weathering: The Breakdown of Rocks Weathering Processes Soils and Soil Formation Highlight 5-1 Conserving Our Fragile Soils Weathering in Extraterrestrial Environments 6. Sedimentation and Sedimentary Rocks The Origins of Sedimentary Rocks Classifying Sedimentary Rocks Highlight 6-1 When the Mediterranean Sea Was a Desert "Reading" Sedimentary Rocks 7 Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks Conditions Promoting Metamorphism Types of Metamorphism Common Metamorphic Rocks Metamorphic Grade and Index Minerals Metamorphic Facies and Plate Tectonics Metamorphic Rocks in Daily Life Looking Ahead 8. Telling Time Geologically Geologic Time in Perspective Determining Relative Age Highlight 8-1 How Fossils Form Determining Absolute Age II. Shaping the Earth''s Crust 9. Folds, Faults, and Mountains Stressing and Straining Rocks Folds Faults Building Mountains Highlight 9-1 The Appalachians: North America''s Geologic Jigsaw Puzzle 10. Earthquakes and the Earth''s Interior Causes and Characteristics of Earthquakes The Effects of Earthquakes The World''s Principal Earthquake Zones Highlight 10-1 The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812 Coping with the Threat of Earthquakes Investigating the Earth''s Interior 11. Plate Tectonics: Creating Oceans and Continents Development of the Theory of Plate Tectonics Determining Plate Velocity The Nature and Origin of the Ocean Floor Highlight 11-1 The Unseen World of Divergent Zones Highlight 11-2 Convergence and the Birth of the Himalayas The Origin and Shaping of Continents The Driving Forces of Plate Motion III. Sculpting the Earth''s Surface 12. Mass Movement What Causes Mass Movement? Types of Mass Movement Highlight 12-1 The Gros Ventre Slide Avoiding and Preventing Mass-Movement Disasters Highlight 12-2 How to Choose a Stable Home Site Extraterrestrial Mass Movement 13. Streams and Floods The Hydrologic Cycle Streams The Geological Work of Streams Stream Evolution and Plate Tectonics Controlling Floods Highlight 13-1 The Mississippi River and Its Delta Extraterrestrial Stream Activity: Evidence from Mars 14. Groundwater, Caves, and Karst Groundwater Recharge and Flow Tapping the Groundwater Reservoir Finding and Managing Groundwater Highlight 14-1 Should You Hire a Water Witch? Caves and Karst Topography Highlight 14-2 Mammoth Cave 15. Glaciers and Ice Ages Glacier Formation and Growth The Work of Glaciers Highlight 15-1 The Channeled Scablands of Eastern Washington Glaciation and Ice Ages The Earth''s Glacial Past Glaciation on Mars and Jupiter''s Europa 16. Deserts and Wind Action Characteristics of Deserts The Work of Water in Deserts The Work of Winds in Deserts Highlight 16-1 America''s Dust Bowl Desertification Wind Action on Mars 17. Shores and Coastal Processes Waves, Currents, and Tides Processes That Shape Coasts Highlight 17-1 Lake Michigan''s Eroding Shoreline Types of Coasts Highlight 17-2 North Carolina''s Outer Banks Coastal Evolution and Plate Tectonics Protecting Coasts and Coastal Environments 18. Human Use of the Earth''s Resources Reserves and Resources Fossil Fuels Alternative Energy Resources Mineral Resources Future Use of Natural Resources 19. A Brief History of Earth and Its Life Forms The Geologic Time Scale Precambrian History The Paleozoic Era The Mesozoic Era The Cenozoic Era Putting It All Together Appendix A Conversion Factors for English and Metric Units Appendix B A Statistical Portrait of Planet Earth Appendix C Reading Topographic and Geologic Maps Appendix D Mineral-Identification Charts Appendix E How to Identify Some Common Rocks Appendix F Sources of Geologic Literature, Photographs, and Maps Appendix G Careers in the Geosciences