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Research Methods Planning, Conducting, and Presenting Research

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ISBN-10: 053461714X

ISBN-13: 9780534617141

Edition: 2006

Authors: Ann Sloan Devlin

List price: $128.95
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This brief, student-friendly text addresses the practical aspects of a one-semester research project, from generating ideas to handing in the paper at the end of the term. Author Ann Sloan Devlin carefully combines practical advice with justification from the literature, helping students learn that even practical aspects of the research process have a scientific justification based on research. By combining these practical aspects of the research process with a hands-on learning package, Devlin's text shows students how relevant research can be to their careers and lives.
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Book details

List price: $128.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/24/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 300
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Ann S. Devlin has been on faculty at Connecticut College since 1973, where she teaches courses on cognitive processes, industrial and organizational psychology, and environmental psychology. Her expertise lies in environmental psychology, particularly in the creation of more humanistic environments in housing for the elderly and psychiatric hospitals. She also specializes in way-finding, the study of the manner in which environments (through their design and layout) and people (through their creation of maps and other tools) provide cues to help people navigate from an origin to a destination. Recently she has been using a touch-screen computer to conduct research on the types of cues…    

Generating and Shaping Ideas: The Challenge of the One Semester Project
Introduction and Chapter Overview
Research: The Tension between the Old and the New
Topics Selected by Students
Time Pressure and Timelines
Sources of Ideas: Your Personal Sphere and Your College Environment
Print Media
Previous Courses
Other Department Resources
Regional Association Meetings
Ideas in the Library: The Organization of the Library
Reference Materials
Library Browsing
Electronic Resources: The Library Home Page
Databases and indexes in the Social Sciences
Locating Journals Electronically
Other Electronic Sources in the Library Worth Knowing
Interlibrary Loan Systems
Online Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
Subject and Research Guides
GIS: Geographical Information Systems
Next Steps: What to Do with Your Articles and Books (Don't be satisfied with reading an abstract!): The Literature Review
Conflicts and Gaps
Seminal Studies and Becoming an Expert
The Method Section
Limitations and Future Directions
Critique, Critique, Critique
Organizing Your Articles and Books
Reasonable Questions and the Problem of Mediating Variables: Narrowing the Gap
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Research Design and Statistical Considerations
Introduction and Chapter Overview
Hypotheses: Slight Changes with Big Implications
Correlational Design
Quasi-experimental Design
Experimental Design
Cause and Effect and Types of Research Designs
Passive Designs: Correlational Research
Observational Methods, Non-obtrusive Measurement, and Archival Research
Qualitative Research Designs
Between-groups Design: Quasi-experimental Design and Quasi-independent Variables
Experimental Design
Research Designs: Issues of Sample Size, Power, and Effect Size: Sample Size
Power and Effect Size
Research Design: Some Practical Issues: Factors to Consider
Kinds of Research Questions and Associated Statistics: Sampling Distributions
Chi-squares and t-Tests
One-way Analysis of Variance
Analyses of Variance and Multivariate Analyses of Variance
Correlations: Statistics Involving Relationships, Not Group Differences
Factor Analysis
How to Analyze Open-ended Questions: Cautionary Tales: Qualitative Research and Statistics: Kappa as a Measure of Agreement
General Concerns about Research Designs: Internal Validity: The behavior of the experimenter
Blind and Double-blind Research Designs
Pre-existing Beliefs or Attitudes of the Participant
Cover Stories
Manipulation Checks
Variation in your Procedure
Sampling Issues
Function of the Equipment
Biases and Omissions in the Materials or Measures
Events in the Wider World
Internal Validity and Control of Variables
General Concerns about Research Designs: External Validity
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Summary Table of Research Design and Statistical Approaches
Sources of Measures
Introduction and Chapter Overview
What Measures or Instruments Do
Locating Measures or Equipment: The Literature
Statistical Qualities of the Measure
Length and Difficulty of Items
Instructions for Scoring
Names of Measures
Measures of Social Desirability
Availability: How to Obtain the Measure: The Article Itself
Department Authors and Professors
Books of and about Measures
The Drawbacks to Using Pre-existing Measures: Assessing New Territory
Developing Your Own Scale and Measuring Its Internal Consistency
Advice for Writing Instruments Yourself
Creating Your Own Scale: Item Format
Qualifications for Use
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Appendix of Commonly Used Measures
Obtaining Your Subjects: Never Appear on Stage With Animals or Children
Introduction and Chapter Overview
Once You have Your Idea, Then What? Subject Pools: How Subject Pools Function
The Timing of Your Request
Advertising/Pitching Your Research and Setting and Appropriate Tone
Sensitive Topics
Keeping Track and Planning Ahead
The Ins and Outs of Data Collection: Where you Collect Data
Scheduling/Time of Day/Days of Week
Payment and the Ethics of Payment: Double Dipping
Ethical Concerns
Other Ways to Obtain College Students: Campus Newsletters or Daily Postings
Campus Groups
Mail Surveys
Internet Surveys and Software
Real People: Research in the Field: Connections
Making a Contribution
"Cold Call"
Vulnerable Populations/Service Learning
Ethical Issues in Multiple Relationships
The Convenience Sample or Using Your Friends as Research Subjects?
Dustin's Dozen: Tips for Collecting Data in the Field
Final Words
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Ethics and the Irb Review Process: I'm From the Irb and I'm Here to Help You
Introduction and Chapter Overview
A Personal Reflection
What is the IRB and Why Does It Exist? History of IRBs
What is Research? What are Human Subjects? IRB Nuts and Bolts: IRB Membership
The Levels of IRB Review
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
IRB Actions
Effective Communication in the Research Process
Components of the IRB Proposal: What Each Proposal Should Address; Informed Consent
Other Sensitive Issues
Vulnerable Populations and their Implications for Research: The Child's Assent (Agreement)
The Question of Deception and Its Alternatives: Deception: Contribution of the American Psychological Association
Debriefing/Explanation of Research
Alternatives to Participation for Students in a Subject Pool
Does Social and Behavioral Research Need IRB Review? Advice for Preparing Your IRB Proposal
The IRB as an educational Experience: Training Modules
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Sample Informed Consent Document
Sample Debriefing/Explanation of Research Form
Managing Your Data: A Penny Saved?
Introduction and Chapter Overview
Data Entry: What to Label
Labeling in a Statistical Package
Deciding on a Coding Scheme
Specificity is Flexibility
A Word about Keeping Data Backed Up
How to Enter Scales: Scale Total vs
Individual Items
Dealing with Missing Data
Reliability Analysis
After Data Entry: Data Entry Mistakes
Adding New Data to the Original Data File
Reverse Scored Items
Preliminary Analyses: Significance Levels and p Values
A Few Comments about SPSS
Where to Begin Your Data Analyses
Going Fishing
"Cleaning Up Your Act"
Content Analyses
Writing about Results: What is Important? Parallel Order
Top-down Structure
Thorough Reporting
Writing Up Analyses: Explanations First!: Straightforward
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
The Light at the End of the Tunnel: Report Writing and Presentations
Introduction and Chapter Overview
The Title
The Abstract
The Introduction: The First Sentence(s) in the Paper
The Method Section: Participants
Statement of Research Design
The Results Section: Analyses of Group Differences
Measures of Relationships
Non-parametric Statistics
A Word about Reading Significance Levels
Reader-Friendly Results
The Discussion: Non-significant Findings; Statistical vs
Practical Significance
References: Citations and References Must Match; Secondary Sources
Tables and Figures
The APA Manual Behemoth: List of Common Questions; Other Useful Sections of the APA Manual
Some Things are Worth Memorizing
Some Stylistic Conventions
Common Grammatical Pitfalls
Your Manuscript Checklist
Presentations at Local and Regional Conferences: Creating a Conference Poster
The Large Poster
Oral Presentations
Other Opportunities for Presentation
Apply Your Knowledge Questions
Web Resources to Enhance Your Understanding
Table of Common Statistical Measures: What and How to Report
Example of a Large Poster (in Miniature)
Appendix: Common Statistical Measures
Glossary References