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Thinking Critically about Moral Problems

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ISBN-10: 0534574238

ISBN-13: 9780534574239

Edition: 2003

Authors: Thomas F. Wall

List price: $186.95
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In contrast to most texts designed to introduce students to contemporary moral problems, this book is designed to present students with a method for how to think for themselves in a morally reasoned fashion. Honing students' critical thinking skills through continuous reference to a step-by-step method of moral analysis, this text covers not only many timely moral problems associated with life and death, social justice, and sex and reproduction, but many major ethical theories as well, such as utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, and egoism. Building on the methodology and critical successes of his THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS (Wadsworth 2002), Wall's new book…    
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Book details

List price: $186.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 4/30/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Preface
Note to Instructors
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Making Moral Decisions
Ethics
The General Nature of Ethics
Ethics and Philosophy
Ethics, Law, and Religion
The Divisions of Ethics
Ethical Theory
Value Theory
Moral and Nonmoral Values
Monistic and Pluralistic Theories of Value
Theories of Obligation
Moral Rules
Moral Principles
A Few More Concepts
Judging the Adequacy of Theories
Universality
Consistency
Simplicity
Ethical Relativism
Cultural Relativism
The Argument for Ethical Relativism
Consequentialism
Ethical Egoism
Evaluating Ethical Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Problems with Psychological Egoism
The Role of Selfishness in Ethics
Utilitarianism
Act Utilitarianism
Rule Utilitarianism
Evaluating Utilitarianism
Deontology
The Ethics of Kant
The Good Will
Acting from Duty
Kant's Theory of Obligation
The Categorical Imperative
The First Formulation: Rules Must Be Universal
The Second Formulation: Respect for Persons
The Third Formulation: Respect for Autonomy
Evaluting the Ethics of Kant
Virtue Ethics
Virtues and Obligations
Aristotle: The Good Life
The Golden Mean
Evaluating Virtue Ethics
Other Ethical Theories
Do No Harm
The Ethics of Rights
The Ethics of Care
Our Ethical Theory
A Theory of Obligation
The Nature of Right Action
Beneficence
Justice
Autonomy
The Definition of Right Action
Moral Reasoning
Habitual
Factual
Conflict of Rules
Conflict of Principles
"Good Reasons" Arguments
Theory of Value
Moral Values
Obligations, Excellence, and Aspiration
Values and Obligations
The Primacy of an Ethics of Principles
Virtue Ethics Supplements an Ethics of Principles
The Role of Aspiration
Final Remarks on Ethical Theories
The Method of Ethics: Critical Thinking
The Elements of Critical Thinking
The Structure of Part 2
The Problem
Facts and Assumptions
Moral Reasoning
Evaluation
Another Perspective
Moral Problems
Moral Problems Concerned with Life and Death
Capital Punishment
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Moral Reasoning
The Case for Capital Punishment
The Case against Capital Punishment
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Abortion
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Personhood Question
The Abortion Question
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Evaluating the Abortion Arguments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Physician Assistance in Dying
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case for Physician Assistance in Dying
The Case against Physician Assistance in Dying
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Moral Problems Concerned with Social Justice
Justice at Home
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case against Affirmative Action
"Compensatory Justice" Case for Affirmative Action
The "Present Injustice" Case for Affirmative Action
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Global Justice
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case for the Neomalthusian View
The Case for the Humanitarian View
The Case for the Developmentalist View
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
The Moral Status of Animals
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case for the Conventional View
The Case for the Animal Welfare View
The Case for the Animal Rights View
The Case for the Animal Liberation View
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Moral Problems Concerned with Sex and Reproduction
Sex, Love, and Marriage
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case for the Liberal View
The Case for the Moderate View
The Case for the Conservative View
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
The Censorship of Pornography
The Problem
Clarifying Concepts
Formulating the Problem
Possible Solutions
Facts and Assumptions
Facts
Descriptive Ethics
Assumptions
Points of View
Moral Reasoning
The Case against Censorship
The Case for Censorship
Replies to Objections
Evaluation
Ethical Theory
Your Evaluation
A Few Comments
Consequences
Another Perspective
Reproductive Technology
Types of Reproductive Technologies
Diagnostic Technologies
Fertility Technologies
Genetic Technologies
Some Moral Implications
General Moral Issues
Specific Moral Issues
The Morality of Human Cloning
Notes
Index