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Introduction to Criminal Justice

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ISBN-10: 0534573053

ISBN-13: 9780534573058

Edition: 9th 2002

Authors: Joseph J. Senna, Larry J. Siegel

List price: $149.95
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Book details

List price: $149.95
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/24/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.432
Language: English

Born in Brooklyn, New York, Joseph J. Senna graduated from Brooklyn College, Fordham University Graduate School Service, and Suffolk University Law School. Dr. Senna spent over fourteen years teaching law and justice courses at Northeastern University. In addition, he has served as an Assistant District Attorney, Director of Harvard Law School Prosecutorial Program, and consultant to numerous criminal justice organizations. His academic specialties include the areas of Criminal Law, Constitutional Due Process, Criminal Justice, and Juvenile Law. Dr. Senna lives with his wife and sons outside of Boston.

Prefacep. xvii
The Nature of Crime, Law, and Criminal Justicep. 1
Crime and Criminal Justicep. 2
The Concept of a Criminal Justice Systemp. 4
The Contemporary Criminal Justice Systemp. 5
The Formal Criminal Justice Processp. 8
The Informal Criminal Justice Processp. 15
Perspectives on Criminal Justicep. 19
Perspectives in Action: Controlling the Drug Tradep. 25
Summaryp. 32
Key Termsp. 34
Discussion Questionsp. 34
A Closer Lookp. 34
Notesp. 34
The Nature of Crime and Victimizationp. 36
What Is a Crime?p. 38
How Crime Is Measuredp. 39
How Crime Is Reportedp. 41
Crime Trendsp. 48
Crime Patternsp. 54
Criminal Careersp. 63
Summaryp. 64
Key Termsp. 65
Discussion Questionsp. 65
A Closer Lookp. 65
Notesp. 65
Understanding Crime and Victimizationp. 68
Crime in the United Statesp. 70
The Cause of Crimep. 74
Because They Want To: Choice Theoryp. 74
Because They're Different: Biological Theoriesp. 78
It's in Their Heads: Psychological Theoriesp. 80
Society Is the Real Culprit: Sociological Theoriesp. 86
It's Political: Conflict Theoryp. 96
It's a Matter of Development: Integrated Theoriesp. 97
It's How You Live: Theories of Victimizationp. 99
Summaryp. 101
Key Termsp. 103
Discussion Questionsp. 103
A Closer Lookp. 104
Notesp. 104
Criminal Law: Substance and Procedurep. 108
Historical Development of the Criminal Lawp. 110
Sources of the Criminal Lawp. 113
Crimes: Classifications and Legal Definitionsp. 114
Criminal Responsibilityp. 120
Criminal Defense: Justification and Excusep. 126
Substantive Criminal Law Reformp. 131
Constitutional Criminal Procedurep. 133
The State Criminal Justice System under the U.S. Constitutionp. 136
Procedural Due Process of Lawp. 138
Future Directions in Criminal Law and Procedurep. 139
Summaryp. 140
Key Termsp. 142
Discussion Questionsp. 142
A Closer Lookp. 142
Notesp. 142
The Police and Law Enforcementp. 145
Police in Society: History and Organizationp. 146
The History of Policep. 148
The Modern Era of Policing: 1960-2000p. 154
Contemporary Law Enforcementp. 156
Law Enforcement in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 163
Private Securityp. 169
Summaryp. 170
Key Termsp. 171
Discussion Questionsp. 171
A Closer Lookp. 171
Notesp. 172
The Police: Organization, Role, and Functionp. 174
The Police Organizationp. 176
The Police Rolep. 177
The Patrol Functionp. 178
The Investigation Functionp. 184
Changing Concepts of the Police Rolep. 187
Police Support Functionsp. 195
Improving Police Productivityp. 198
Summaryp. 201
Key Termsp. 201
Discussion Questionsp. 201
A Closer Lookp. 201
Notesp. 202
Issues in Policingp. 204
The Police Professionp. 206
Who Are the Police?p. 214
The Downside of Policing: Stress, Violence, and Corruptionp. 221
Summaryp. 237
Key Termsp. 238
Discussion Questionsp. 238
A Closer Lookp. 238
Notesp. 238
Police and the Rule of Lawp. 242
Police and the Courtsp. 244
Search and Seizurep. 245
Warrantless Searchesp. 247
Electronic Surveillancep. 255
Arrestp. 257
Custodial Interrogationp. 259
The Pretrial Identification Processp. 260
The Exclusionary Rulep. 264
Summaryp. 268
Key Termsp. 268
Discussion Questionsp. 269
A Closer Lookp. 269
Notesp. 269
Courts and Adjudicationp. 271
Courts and the Judiciaryp. 272
Criminal Court Processp. 274
The Structure of the State Court Systemp. 275
The Structure of the Federal Courtsp. 280
Court Caseloadsp. 287
The Judiciaryp. 288
Court Administrationp. 293
Summaryp. 295
Key Termsp. 296
Discussion Questionsp. 296
A Closer Lookp. 296
Notesp. 297
The Prosecution and the Defensep. 298
The Prosecutorp. 300
Prosecutorial Discretionp. 309
The Defense Attorneyp. 314
The Right to Counselp. 316
The Defense Lawyer as a Professional Advocatep. 324
Summaryp. 327
Key Termsp. 329
Discussion Questionsp. 330
A Closer Lookp. 330
Notesp. 330
Pretrial Proceduresp. 332
Procedures Following Arrestp. 335
Bailp. 337
Pretrial Detentionp. 343
The Indictment Processp. 346
Plea Bargainingp. 350
Pretrial Diversionp. 359
Summaryp. 361
Key Termsp. 361
Discussion Questionsp. 361
A Closer Lookp. 362
Notesp. 362
The Criminal Trialp. 364
Legal Rights during Trialp. 367
Fair Trial versus Free Pressp. 374
The Trial Processp. 378
Evidentiary Standardsp. 390
Trial Reform in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 392
Summaryp. 393
Key Termsp. 395
Discussion Questionsp. 395
A Closer Lookp. 395
Notesp. 396
Punishment and Sentencingp. 398
History of Punishmentp. 400
The Goals of Criminal Punishmentp. 402
Imposing the Sentencep. 407
Patterns of Sentencingp. 414
Capital Punishmentp. 420
Summaryp. 434
Key Termsp. 435
Discussion Questionsp. 435
A Closer Lookp. 435
Notesp. 435
Correctionsp. 439
Probation and Intermediate Sanctionsp. 440
Probationp. 442
Intermediate Sanctionsp. 454
Can Alternative Sanctions Work?p. 469
Summaryp. 473
Key Termsp. 473
Discussion Questionsp. 474
A Closer Lookp. 474
Notesp. 474
Corrections: History, Institutions, and Populationsp. 478
History of Correctional Institutionsp. 481
Jailsp. 490
The Prison Systemp. 493
Alternative Correctional Institutionsp. 498
Correctional Populationsp. 502
Summaryp. 507
Key Termsp. 507
Discussion Questionsp. 507
A Closer Lookp. 508
Notesp. 508
The Prison Experince: Living in and Leaving Prisonp. 510
Men Imprisonedp. 512
Women Imprisonedp. 518
Institutional Treatment Programsp. 522
Guarding the Institutionp. 534
Leaving Prisonp. 544
Summaryp. 550
Key Termsp. 551
Discussion Questionsp. 551
A Closer Lookp. 551
Notesp. 552
The History and Nature of the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 555
Juvenile Justicep. 556
History of Juvenile Justicep. 558
Juvenile Court Jurisdictionp. 563
The Juvenile Court Todayp. 564
Police Processing of the Juvenile Offenderp. 566
The Pretrial Stage of Juvenile Justicep. 569
The Waiver of Jurisdictionp. 571
The Juvenile Trialp. 573
Disposition and Treatmentp. 576
Institutionalizationp. 578
Postdispositionp. 581
Current and Future Issues in Juvenile Justicep. 583
Summaryp. 586
Key Termsp. 586
Discussion Questionsp. 586
A Closer Lookp. 587
Notesp. 587
Careers in Criminal Justicep. 589
The Constitution of the United Statesp. 597
Glossaryp. 607
Table of Casesp. 615
Name Indexp. 619
Subject Indexp. 630
Photo Creditsp. 643
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.