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Ethics in Crime and Justice Dilemmas and Decisions

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ISBN-10: 053456349X

ISBN-13: 9780534563493

Edition: 4th 2004 (Revised)

Authors: Joycelyn M. Pollock-Byrne

List price: $79.95
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Description:

This text provides readers with the information needed to solve ethical dilemmas within the complicated criminal justice system. It begins with a straightforward presentation of the major ethical systems followed by a discussion of moral development and the ideal of justice. The book includes not only philosophical information but practical applications as well, because of the issue-based approach, which allows each student to make individual decisions.
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Book details

List price: $79.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/22/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Prefacep. xii
Morality, Ethics, and Human Behaviorp. 1
Why Study Ethics?p. 2
Defining Termsp. 7
Morals and Ethicsp. 7
Making Moral Judgmentsp. 9
Dutiesp. 12
Valuesp. 12
Morality and the Lawp. 14
Criminal Culpability/Moral Culpabilityp. 15
Regulations, Standards, and Rulesp. 18
Morality and Behaviorp. 20
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmasp. 21
Conclusionp. 23
Review Questionsp. 23
Ethical Dilemmasp. 24
Suggested Readingsp. 25
Determining Moral Behaviorp. 26
Ethical Systemsp. 28
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systemsp. 29
Ethical Formalismp. 29
Utilitarianismp. 32
Other Ethical Systemsp. 35
Religionp. 35
Natural Lawp. 38
The Ethics of Virtuep. 39
The Ethics of Carep. 42
Egoismp. 43
Relativism and Absolutismp. 44
Toward a Resolution: Situational Ethicsp. 46
Resulting Concernsp. 48
Conclusionp. 49
Review Questionsp. 50
Ethical Dilemmasp. 50
Suggested Readingsp. 51
Developing Moral and Ethical Behaviorp. 52
Theories of Moral Developmentp. 53
Biological Theoriesp. 54
Learning Theoryp. 55
Developmental Theoriesp. 57
Ethics, Behavior, and Criminalityp. 64
Predicting Behaviorp. 64
Teaching Ethicsp. 65
Teaching Ethics in Criminal Justicep. 68
Morality, Criminology, and Offender Populationsp. 70
Conclusionp. 74
Review Questionsp. 75
Ethical Dilemmasp. 76
Suggested Readingsp. 76
Justice and the Lawp. 77
Origins of the Concept of Justicep. 79
Components of Justicep. 80
Distributive Justicep. 81
Corrective Justicep. 87
Paradigms of Lawp. 97
The Consensus Paradigmp. 98
The Conflict Paradigmp. 99
Conclusionp. 102
Review Questionsp. 103
Ethical Dilemmasp. 103
Suggested Readingsp. 104
Further Issues in Retributive Justicep. 105
Law and Social Controlp. 106
Legal Paternalismp. 107
Legal Moralismp. 108
Criminal and Moral Culpabilityp. 111
Punishing the Mentally Illp. 111
Punishing Juvenilesp. 113
Punishing White-Collar Criminalsp. 116
Victim's Rightsp. 117
Victim Precipitationp. 122
Restorative Justicep. 122
Immoral Laws and the Moral Personp. 123
The Criminal Justice Professionalp. 127
Balancing Law and Justicep. 128
Conclusionp. 130
Review Questionsp. 130
Ethical Dilemmasp. 131
Suggested Readingsp. 131
The Ethics of Social Controlp. 132
The Police Role in Societyp. 134
Crime Fighter or Public Servant?p. 134
Authority and Powerp. 138
Formal Ethics for Police Officersp. 139
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethicsp. 140
The Police Subculture and Formal Ethicsp. 144
Discretion, Discrimination, and Dutyp. 150
Discretionp. 150
Discriminationp. 153
Dutyp. 158
Crime Fighter and Pubic Servant?p. 161
Conclusionp. 163
Review Questionsp. 163
Ethical Dilemmasp. 164
Suggested Readingsp. 165
Corruption and the "Code"p. 166
Types of Corruptionp. 167
Gratuitiesp. 168
Graftp. 174
Sexual Harassment and Assaultp. 175
Other Crimesp. 177
A Worldwide Problemp. 179
Excessive Forcep. 180
Culture of Forcep. 183
Deadly Forcep. 185
Loyalty and Whistle blowingp. 186
Teleological Argumentsp. 187
Deontological Argumentsp. 188
Loyaltyp. 188
Explanations of Deviancep. 191
Individual Explanationsp. 191
Organizational Explanationsp. 192
Societal Explanationsp. 193
Conclusionp. 194
Review Questionsp. 194
Ethical Dilemmasp. 194
Suggested Readingsp. 195
Ethics and Law Enforcement Practicesp. 196
Noble-Cause Corruptionp. 197
Investigationp. 199
The Use of Undercover Officersp. 203
The Use of Informantsp. 206
Justifications for Undercover Operationsp. 208
Interrogationp. 211
Management Issuesp. 215
Change Effortsp. 216
Ethical Leadershipp. 220
Different Questions/Different Answers?p. 224
Conclusionp. 226
Review Questionsp. 227
Ethical Dilemmasp. 227
Suggested Readingsp. 228
Ethics and Legal Professionalsp. 229
First, Let's Kill All the Lawyers ...p. 230
Perceptions of Judicial Processingp. 232
Ethical Issues for Legal Professionalsp. 236
The Attorney--Client Relationshipp. 238
A Higher Standard of Behavior?p. 241
The Use of Discretionp. 242
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneysp. 243
Responsibility to the Clientp. 245
Confidentialityp. 247
Conflicts of Interestp. 251
Zealous Defensep. 253
Conclusionp. 257
Review Questionsp. 257
Ethical Dilemmasp. 257
Suggested Readingsp. 258
Special Issues for Prosecutors and Judgesp. 259
Ethical Issues for Prosecutorsp. 260
Use of Discretionp. 260
Conflicts of Interestp. 263
Plea Bargainingp. 265
Media Relationsp. 266
Expert Witnessesp. 267
Zealous Prosecutionp. 270
Prosecutorial Misconductp. 274
Ethical Issues for Judgesp. 276
Ethical Guidelinesp. 277
Use of Discretionp. 278
Judicial Misconductp. 283
Conclusionp. 284
Review Questionsp. 285
Ethical Dilemmasp. 285
Suggested Readingsp. 286
The Ethics of Punishment and Correctionsp. 287
Rationales for Punishment and Correctionsp. 289
Retributionp. 291
Preventionp. 295
Ethical Frameworks for Correctionsp. 300
Utilitarianismp. 300
Ethical Formalismp. 301
Ethics of Carep. 302
Rawlsian Ethicsp. 303
Punishmentp. 303
Humane Punishmentp. 304
Capital Punishmentp. 305
Private Correctionsp. 308
Conclusionp. 312
Review Questionsp. 313
Ethical Dilemmasp. 313
Suggested Readingsp. 314
Ethics for Correctional Professionalsp. 315
Correctional Professionalsp. 316
Correctional Officersp. 317
The Correctional Officer Subculturep. 320
Relationships with Inmatesp. 321
General Conduct and the "Good Officer"p. 324
Use of Forcep. 326
Corruptionp. 329
Loyalty and Whistle blowingp. 332
Jail Officersp. 333
Treatment Staffp. 336
Management Issuesp. 339
Correctional Management and the Courtsp. 340
Correctional Management and Unionsp. 342
Cross-Sex Supervisionp. 343
Conclusionp. 345
Review Questionsp. 346
Ethical Dilemmasp. 346
Suggested Readingsp. 347
Corrections in the Communityp. 348
The Concept of Community Correctionsp. 349
Probation and Parole Officersp. 351
Use of Discretionp. 351
Probation/Parole Officer Subculturep. 353
Caseload Supervisionp. 356
Corruptionp. 358
Parolep. 358
A New Paradigm of Corrections?p. 360
Reintegrative Shaming versus Stigmatizing Shamingp. 361
Ethical Issues in Restorative Justicep. 363
Conclusionp. 365
Review Questionsp. 366
Ethical Dilemmasp. 366
Suggested Readingsp. 367
Criminal Justice Policyp. 368
Policy Making in Criminal Justicep. 369
Ideologies of Liberalism and Conservatismp. 369
Myths and Reality in Criminal Justicep. 372
Criminal Justice Researchers--Participants in Myth Making?p. 373
Ethical Leadershipp. 374
Individual Decision Makingp. 377
Why Be Ethical?p. 384
Revisiting "Means-End" Thinking in Times of Troublep. 386
Conclusionp. 389
Review Questionsp. 389
Ethical Dilemmasp. 389
Suggested Readingsp. 390
Glossaryp. 391
Bibliographyp. 397
Name Indexp. 415
Subject Indexp. 421
Table of Casesp. 426
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.