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Applying Ethics

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ISBN-10: 0534561535

ISBN-13: 9780534561536

Edition: 7th 2002

Authors: Jeffrey Olen, Vincent Barry

List price: $73.95
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Book details

List price: $73.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.848
Language: English

Prefacep. vii
Moral Reasoning
Moral Reasonsp. 3
Moral Reasoningp. 4
Individual Morality and Social Moralityp. 5
Ethical Relativismp. 5
Principles of Individual Moralityp. 7
Principles of Social Moralityp. 14
Summary and Conclusionsp. 23
Aristotle, Moral Virtuep. 24
Immanuel Kant, Respect for Personsp. 31
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianismp. 35
Annette C. Baier, The Need for More than Justicep. 40
Selections for Further Readingp. 47
Web Sitesp. 47
Good Reasoningp. 49
Argumentsp. 50
Evaluating Moral Argumentsp. 55
Summary and Conclusionsp. 68
Selections for Further Readingp. 69
Web Sitesp. 70
Sexual Moralityp. 73
The Traditional Viewp. 74
The Libertarian Viewp. 75
Treating Sex Differentlyp. 76
Arguments for Sexual Libertarianismp. 79
Arguments against Sexual Libertarianismp. 81
Roger Scruton, Sexual Moralityp. 83
Alan H. Goldman, Plain Sexp. 89
Michael Levin, Why Homosexuality Is Abnormalp. 100
Timothy F. Murphy, Homosexuality and Naturep. 107
Case Presentations
Deception or Joke?p. 114
AIDS Educationp. 115
A Fast for Understandingp. 116
Murphy v. Danp. 117
Selections for Further Readingp. 118
Web Sitesp. 119
Pornographyp. 120
The Meaning of Pornography and Obscenityp. 121
Effects of Pornographyp. 123
Moral Issuesp. 125
Arguments against Pornographyp. 126
Arguments for Pornographyp. 127
Arguments for Censorshipp. 128
Arguments against Censorshipp. 129
Walter Berns, Beyond the (Garbage) Pale, or Democracy, Censorship and the Artsp. 130
Ann Garry, Pornography and Respect for Womenp. 134
Judge Jerome Frank, Dissenting Opinion in United States v. Rothp. 142
David A. J. Richards, The Moral Theory of Free Speech and Obscenity Lawp. 152
Case Presentations
Ginzburg v. United States (1966)p. 162
The Mapplethorpe Photographs: Censorship and the NEAp. 164
Ticketed for Obscenity on the Information Superhighwayp. 165
Art, Entertainment, or Child Pornography?p. 166
Selections for Further Readingp. 168
Web Sitesp. 168
Abortionp. 169
Biological Backgroundp. 171
The Moral Problemp. 173
The Ontological Status of the Fetusp. 173
The Moral Status of the Fetusp. 175
Pro-Life Arguments (against Abortion)p. 177
Pro-Choice Arguments (for Abortion)p. 178
John T. Noonan, An Almost Absolute Value in Historyp. 180
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortionp. 185
Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortionp. 196
Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortionp. 206
Case Presentations
Mrs. Sherri Finkbine and the Thalidomide Tragedyp. 213
"Conceived in Violence, Born in Hate"p. 214
Death in Pensacolap. 215
The Fight for Martina Greywind's Babyp. 216
Selections for Further Readingp. 217
Web Sitesp. 217
Euthanasiap. 218
Personhoodp. 219
Deathp. 220
Ordinary vs. Extraordinary Treatmentp. 222
Killing vs. Allowing to Diep. 223
Meaning of Euthanasia: Narrow vs. Broad Interpretationsp. 224
Voluntary vs. Nonvoluntary Euthanasiap. 225
Assisted Suicidep. 226
The Right to Refuse Treatmentp. 227
Defective Newbornsp. 228
Arguments for Voluntary (Active) Euthanasiap. 230
Arguments against Voluntary (Active) Euthanasiap. 231
J. Gay-Williams, The Wrongfulness of Euthanasiap. 233
James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasiap. 236
Philippa Foot, Euthanasiap. 240
Richard Brandt, A Moral Principle about Killingp. 255
Case Presentations
"I Did It Because I Loved My Son"p. 261
"Myrna is Dead. Desolation"p. 262
"A Choice Central to Personal Dignity"p. 263
Legalized Assisted Suicide and Decriminalized Euthanasiap. 264
Selections for Further Readingp. 266
Web Sitesp. 266
Human Cloningp. 267
How Cloning Works: A Brief Historyp. 268
Why Clone Humans?p. 270
Moral and Legal Issuesp. 271
Arguments against Human Cloningp. 273
Arguments for Human Cloningp. 274
Leon R. Kass, The Wisdom of Repugnancep. 275
Michael Tooley, Moral Status of Cloning Humansp. 287
Robert Wachbroit, Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloningp. 299
Cass R. Sunstein, The Constitution and the Clonep. 305
Case Presentations
Recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisoryp. 311
Clonaidp. 314
A Birth to Save a Lifep. 315
Therapeutic Human Cloning in Britainp. 316
Selections for Further Readingp. 317
Web Sitesp. 318
Capital Punishmentp. 319
The Nature and Definition of Punishmentp. 320
The Moral Acceptability of Punishmentp. 321
Aims of Punishmentp. 322
Retentionist and Abolitionist Definedp. 324
Capital Punishment as Deterrentp. 324
Abolitionist Arguments (against Capital Punishment)p. 326
Retentionist Arguments (for Capital Punishment)p. 327
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)p. 329
Sidney Hook, The Death Sentencep. 334
Ernest Van Den Haag, On Deterrence and the Death Penaltyp. 339
Hugo Adam Bedau, Capital Punishment and Social Defensep. 347
Case Presentations
J. D. Autry: Death in Texasp. 354
Karla Faye Tucker: The Pickax Murdererp. 355
A Failed Experiment?p. 356
Warren McCleskyp. 358
Selections for Further Readingp. 359
Web Sitesp. 359
Welfare and Social Justicep. 360
Transfer Paymentsp. 361
Does Welfare Work?p. 362
Why Have Welfare?p. 364
Distributive Justicep. 365
Equality, Need, and Meritp. 366
Libertarianism, Welfare Liberalism, and Socialismp. 368
Arguments for Welfarep. 369
Arguments against Welfarep. 371
John Hospers, What Libertarianism Isp. 372
Trudy Govier, The Right to Eat and the Duty to Workp. 379
Kai Nielsen, Radical Egalitarianismp. 388
Charles Murray, Choosing a Futurep. 397
Case Presentations
Marta Greenp. 403
The Poorest Place in Americap. 405
Welfare as We've Begun to Know Itp. 406
The Women of Project Matchp. 407
Selections for Further Readingp. 408
Web Sitesp. 408
Job Discriminationp. 409
Job Discrimination: Its Nature and Formsp. 411
Evidence of Discriminationp. 412
Affirmative Action: Preferential Treatmentp. 416
Arguments against Reverse Discriminationp. 420
Arguments for Reverse Discriminationp. 421
Tom L. Beauchamp, The Justification of Reverse Discriminationp. 422
Richard Wasserstrom, A Defense of Programs of Preferential Treatmentp. 431
William T. Blackstone, Reverse Discrimination and Compensatory Justicep. 435
Lisa Newton, Reverse Discrimination as Unjustifiedp. 440
Case Presentations
Brian Weberp. 444
Good News and Bad Newsp. 445
Piscataway v. Taxmanp. 446
Proposition 209p. 447
Selections for Further Readingp. 448
Web Sitesp. 448
Animal Rightsp. 449
What Do We Owe Nonhuman Animals?p. 450
Animal Rightsp. 452
What's Wrong with Speciesism?p. 453
Arguments for Equal Treatment of Animalsp. 456
Arguments against Equal Treatment of Animalsp. 457
Peter Singer, All Animals Are Equal ... or why supporters of liberation for Blacks and Women should support Animal Liberation toop. 459
Tom Regan, The Case for Animal Rightsp. 471
Tibor R. Machan, Do Animals Have Rights?p. 479
Bonnie Steinbock, Speciesism and the Idea of Equalityp. 486
Case Presentations
"Putting Her to Sleep"p. 493
Animal Liberatorsp. 494
Religious Sacrificep. 495
A Himalayan Snow Leopard of One's Ownp. 496
Selections for Further Readingp. 497
Web Sitesp. 497
Environmental Ethicsp. 498
Environmental Problemsp. 499
The Moral Issuep. 501
Why Environmental Ethics?p. 504
Arguments for an Environmental Ethicp. 505
Arguments against an Environmental Ethicp. 506
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethicp. 508
Paul W. Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Naturep. 517
William F. Baxter, People or Penguinsp. 529
J. Baird Callicott, An Ecocentric Environmental Ethicp. 533
Case Presentations
A Metaphor for the Energy Debatep. 539
The Spotted Owlp. 540
Environmental Resistence: The Chipko Movement and the Earth Liberation Frontp. 541
The Wildlands Projectp. 543
Selections for Further Readingp. 544
Web Sitesp. 544
Afterwordp. 545
Glossaryp. 546
Indexp. 549
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.