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Community-Based Corrections

ISBN-10: 0534559662

ISBN-13: 9780534559663

Edition: 5th 2002

Authors: Paul F. Cromwell, Rolando V. Del Carmen, Leanne Fiftal Alarid

List price: $94.95
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Book details

List price: $94.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/8/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 408
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.134

Prefacep. xix
About the Authorsp. xxiii
Probationp. 1
The State of Corrections Today: Why Community Corrections Is Importantp. 2
The Correctional Dilemmap. 3
The Paradoxp. 6
The Purpose of Correctionsp. 7
How Community Corrections Fits Correctional Goalsp. 8
Types of Community-Based Corrections Programsp. 12
The Effectiveness of Community-Based Correctionsp. 18
Summaryp. 21
Discussion Questionsp. 21
Web Sitesp. 22
Case Study Exercise: Restorative Justicep. 23
History and Legal Foundations of Probationp. 24
Introductionp. 25
Early Efforts to Mitigate Punishmentp. 25
Early American Lawp. 27
Recognizance and Suspended Sentencep. 27
Early Probationp. 30
Summaryp. 35
Discussion Questionsp. 36
Web Sitesp. 36
The Decision to Grant Probationp. 38
Introductionp. 39
What Is Probation?p. 40
The Decision to Grant Probation--Sentencingp. 42
Summaryp. 52
Discussion Questionsp. 52
Web Sitesp. 53
Case Study Exercise: The Decision to Grant Probationp. 54
The Presentence Investigation Reportp. 56
Introductionp. 57
Purposes of the Presentence Reportp. 57
Contents of the Presentence Reportp. 57
Preparing the Presentence Reportp. 61
Legal Problems Concerning the Presentence Reportp. 64
Summaryp. 68
Discussion Questionsp. 68
Web Sitesp. 69
Conditions, Modification, and Termination of Probationp. 70
Introductionp. 71
The Court Imposes Conditions of Probationp. 71
Types of Probation Conditionsp. 73
Limitations on the Power of Courts to Impose Conditionsp. 75
Length of Probationp. 81
Modification of Conditions of Probationp. 82
Procedures for Modifying Conditions and Length of Probationp. 82
Only the Judge Can Modify Conditions and Length of Probationp. 83
Early Termination of Probationp. 83
Special Programs to Carry Out Probation Conditionsp. 84
Summaryp. 89
Discussion Questionsp. 89
Case Study Exercise: Conditions and Length of Probationp. 91
Organization and Administration of Probation Servicesp. 93
Introductionp. 94
Early Probation Organizationp. 95
Organization of Probation Servicesp. 96
The Selections and Appointment of Probation Officersp. 101
Qualification and Training of Probation and Parole Officersp. 102
Salaries of Probation and Parole Officersp. 105
Firearms Policies for Probation and Parole Officersp. 107
Interstate Compacts on Probationp. 109
Summaryp. 110
Discussion Questionsp. 111
Web Sitesp. 111
Supervision in Probation and Parolep. 112
Introductionp. 113
Changing Concepts of Supervisionp. 113
An Integrated Model of Supervisionp. 117
A Typology of Probation Officer Work Stylesp. 121
Classification: The First Step in Supervisionp. 122
Summaryp. 130
Discussion Questionsp. 131
Web Sitesp. 131
Case Study Exercise: Supervision in Probation and Parolep. 132
Probation Revocationp. 134
Introductionp. 135
The Decision to Revokep. 135
Differing Perceptions of Revocation by Probation Officersp. 137
Revocation and the Communityp. 137
Types of Probation Violationp. 138
Revocation Procedurep. 141
Revocation Rights of Probationersp. 144
Other Legal Issues in Probation Revocationp. 145
Revocation after the Term of Probation Has Expiredp. 149
Alternatives to Revocationp. 150
Probation Revocation and the Interstate Compactp. 151
The Effectiveness of Probationp. 151
Summaryp. 153
Discussion Questionsp. 154
Case Study Exercise: Probation Revocationp. 155
Parolep. 157
The Development of Parole: From Its Origin to the Presentp. 158
Introductionp. 159
The Origins of Parolep. 162
Transportation and Ticket-of-Leavep. 164
Development of Parole in the United Statesp. 167
Development of Federal Parolep. 168
The Medical Model: 1930s-1960sp. 169
A Philosophical Changep. 171
A Decline in the Use of Discretionary Parolep. 174
Functions of Parole Todayp. 176
Summaryp. 183
Discussion Questionsp. 184
Web Sitesp. 185
The Parole Board and Parole Selectionp. 186
Introductionp. 187
Organizational Models of Parolep. 187
Eligibility for Parolep. 188
The Parole Boardp. 190
The Parole Hearingp. 191
The Parole Release Decisionp. 194
Prisoners' Perceptions of Parole Selectionp. 200
Due Process during Parole Hearingsp. 202
Imposing Parole Conditionsp. 205
Summaryp. 205
Discussion Questionsp. 206
Web Sitesp. 206
Case Study Exercise: Parole Board and Parole Selectionp. 208
Parole Conditions and Revocationp. 210
Introductionp. 211
Prisoner Perspectives of Getting Outp. 211
The Field Parole Officerp. 214
Conditions of Parolep. 215
Parole Abscondersp. 220
Parole Revocationp. 223
Legal Issues of Parole Revocationp. 226
Parole Effectivenessp. 233
The Future of Parolep. 236
Summaryp. 237
Discussion Questionsp. 238
Web Sitesp. 238
Case Study Exercise: Parole Conditions and Revocationp. 240
Intermediate Sanctions and Special Issuesp. 241
Residential Intermediate Sanctionsp. 242
Introductionp. 243
Shock Incarcerationp. 244
Residential Community Corrections Facilitiesp. 255
Other Types of Residential Community Corrections Facilitiesp. 263
Summaryp. 268
Discussion Questionsp. 268
Web Sitesp. 269
Case Study Exercise: Intermediate Sanctions: When Traditional Probation is Not Enoughp. 270
Nonresidential Intermediate Sanctionsp. 271
Introductionp. 272
Intensive Supervision Probationp. 272
House Arrestp. 276
Electronic Monitoringp. 278
Day Reporting Centersp. 283
Restitutionp. 287
Community Servicep. 292
Fines and Day Finesp. 295
Summaryp. 299
Discussion Questionsp. 299
Web Sitesp. 300
Case Study Exercise: Alternatives to Incarcerationp. 301
Juvenile Justice, Probation, and Aftercarep. 302
Introductionp. 303
Background and Historyp. 304
Juvenile Justice and Adult Justice Systems Comparedp. 306
Juvenile Courtsp. 307
Transfer of Jurisdiction from Juvenile Court to Adult Courtp. 310
An Overview of the Juvenile Justice Processp. 310
Major U.S. Supreme Court Cases in Juvenile Justicep. 314
Juvenile Probation and Aftercarep. 317
Conditions of Probation and Aftercarep. 320
Supervisionp. 321
Revocationp. 323
Special Programsp. 324
Some Challenges to Juvenile Probationp. 327
A Juvenile Justice System for the 21st Centuryp. 330
Summaryp. 331
Discussion Questionsp. 332
Web Sitesp. 333
Case Study Exercise: Sentencing in the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 334
Direct and Collateral Consequences of Convictionp. 335
Introductionp. 336
Civil Disabilities Todayp. 338
Civil and Political Rights Affected by Convictionp. 340
Social Stigmatization of Ex-Offendersp. 350
Summaryp. 351
Discussion Questionsp. 351
Web Sitesp. 352
Pardon and Restoration of Rightsp. 353
Introductionp. 354
Pardonp. 354
Automatic Restoration of Rightsp. 358
Expungementp. 358
Sealingp. 359
Restoration of Rights upon Applicationp. 360
Court Decisionsp. 360
Restoring Good Moral Characterp. 361
The Status of Civil Disabilities Todayp. 362
Summaryp. 363
Discussion Questionsp. 364
Web Sitesp. 364
Endnotesp. 365
Glossaryp. 389
Table of Casesp. 395
Name Indexp. 396
Subject Indexp. 398
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.