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Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences With Infotrac

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ISBN-10: 053454911X

ISBN-13: 9780534549114

Edition: 2003

Authors: Frederick J. Gravetter, Lori-Ann B. Forzano

List price: $92.95
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This step-by-step text guides students through the research process, emphasizing the decisions researchers must make at each stage of the process.
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Book details

List price: $92.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 9/10/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 7.48" wide x 9.45" long
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

Frederick J Gravetter is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at The College at Brockport, State University of New York College. While teaching at Brockport, he specialized in statistics, research design, and cognitive psychology. Dr. Gravetter received his Bachelor's degree in mathematics from M.I.T. and his Ph.D. in psychology from Duke University. In addition to publishing several research articles, Dr. Gravetter is co-author of the best-selling STATISTICS FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 9th Edition, ESSENTIALS OF STATISTICS FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 8th Edition, and (with Lori-Ann B. Forzano) RESEARCH METHODS FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 5th Edition.

Author Biographiesp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Introduction, Inquiry, and the Scientific Methodp. 1
Chapter Overviewp. 1
Introduction to Research Methodologyp. 2
Methods of Inquiryp. 6
The Scientific Methodp. 14
The Research Processp. 21
Chapter Summaryp. 29
Key Wordsp. 29
Exercisesp. 29
Research Ideasp. 31
Chapter Overviewp. 31
Getting Startedp. 32
Sources of Ideasp. 34
Finding and Using Background Literaturep. 38
Conducting a Literature Searchp. 43
Finding an Idea for a New Research Studyp. 52
Chapter Summaryp. 55
Key Wordsp. 56
Exercisesp. 56
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 57
Ethics in Researchp. 58
Chapter Overviewp. 58
Introductionp. 59
Ethical Issues and Human Participants in Researchp. 60
Ethical Issues and Nonhuman Subjects in Researchp. 75
Ethical Issues and Scientific Integrityp. 77
Chapter Summaryp. 80
Key Wordsp. 81
Exercisesp. 81
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 81
Defining and Measuring Variablesp. 82
Chapter Overviewp. 82
An Overview of Measurementp. 83
Constructs and Operational Definitionsp. 84
Validity and Reliability of Measurementp. 86
Scales of Measurementp. 95
Modalities of Measurementp. 97
Other Aspects of Measurementp. 107
Chapter Summaryp. 111
Key Wordsp. 111
Exercisesp. 111
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 112
Selecting Research Participantsp. 114
Chapter Overviewp. 114
Introductionp. 115
Probability Sampling Methodsp. 119
Nonprobability Sampling Methodsp. 125
Chapter Summaryp. 127
Key Wordsp. 128
Exercisesp. 128
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 129
Research Strategies and Validityp. 130
Chapter Overviewp. 130
Introduction to Research Strategiesp. 131
Validityp. 136
Threats to Validityp. 139
More About Internal and External Validityp. 152
Validity and Individual Research Strategiesp. 155
Research Strategies, Research Designs, and Research Proceduresp. 156
Chapter Summaryp. 158
Key Wordsp. 159
Exercisesp. 159
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 160
Descriptive and Correlational Research Strategiesp. 161
Chapter Overviewp. 161
Introductionp. 162
Observational Research Designp. 163
Survey Research Designp. 168
Case Study Designp. 175
Correlational Research Strategyp. 179
Chapter Summaryp. 185
Key Wordsp. 186
Exercisesp. 186
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 187
Experimental Research Strategyp. 188
Chapter Overviewp. 188
Cause-and-Effect Relationshipsp. 189
Elements of an Experimentp. 191
Dealing with Extraneous Variablesp. 196
Control Groupsp. 203
Manipulation Checksp. 205
Increasing External Validity: Simulation and Field Studiesp. 206
Chapter Summaryp. 210
Key Wordsp. 211
Exercisesp. 211
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 213
Quasi-Experimental Strategy: Nonequivalent Group, Time-Series, and Developmental Designsp. 214
Chapter Overviewp. 214
Introductionp. 215
Quasi-Experimental Strategyp. 215
Nonequivalent Group Designsp. 217
Time-Series Designsp. 225
Developmental Research Strategyp. 230
Terminology in Quasi-Experimental and Developmental Designsp. 236
Chapter Summaryp. 237
Key Wordsp. 237
Exercisesp. 238
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 238
Experimental Designs: Between-Subjects Designp. 240
Chapter Overviewp. 240
Introductionp. 241
Individual Differences as Confounding Variablesp. 245
Limiting Confounding by Individual Differencesp. 247
Individual Differences and Variabilityp. 251
Other Threats to Internal Validity of Between-Subjects Designsp. 256
Applications and Statistical Analyses of Between-Subjects Designsp. 259
Chapter Summaryp. 263
Key Wordsp. 263
Exercisesp. 264
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 264
Experimental Designs: Within-Subjects Designp. 266
Chapter Overviewp. 266
Introductionp. 267
Time-Related Threats to the Internal Validity of Within-Subjects Designsp. 273
Order Effects: Carryover Effects and Progressive Errorp. 276
Dealing with Time-Related Threats and Order Effectsp. 279
Applications and Statistical Analyses of Within-Subjects Designsp. 285
Matched-Subjects Designsp. 287
Chapter Summaryp. 288
Key Wordsp. 289
Exercisesp. 289
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 290
Factorial Designsp. 291
Chapter Overviewp. 291
Introduction to Factorial Designsp. 292
Main Effects and Interactionsp. 294
More About Interactionsp. 297
Types of Factorial Designsp. 303
Applications of Factorial Designsp. 311
Chapter Summaryp. 319
Key Wordsp. 321
Exercisesp. 321
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 322
Single-Subject Research Designsp. 323
Chapter Overviewp. 323
Introductionp. 324
Phases and Phase Changesp. 326
The ABAB Reversal Designp. 333
More Complex Phase-Change Designsp. 339
Multiple-Baseline Designsp. 342
The Changing-Criterion Designp. 346
The Alternating-Treatments Designp. 348
General Strengths and Weaknesses of Single-Subject Designsp. 351
Chapter Summaryp. 353
Key Wordsp. 354
Exercisesp. 354
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 355
Statistical Evaluation of Datap. 356
Chapter Overviewp. 356
The Role of Statistics in the Research Processp. 357
Descriptive Statisticsp. 359
Inferential Statisticsp. 375
Examples of Hypothesis Testsp. 384
Special Statistics for Researchp. 389
Chapter Summaryp. 394
Key Wordsp. 395
Exercisesp. 395
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 396
Writing a Research Reportp. 398
Chapter Overviewp. 398
The Goal of a Research Reportp. 399
General APA Guidelines for Writing Style and Formatp. 400
The Elements of an APA-Style Research Reportp. 403
Submitting a Manuscript for Publicationp. 417
Writing a Research Proposalp. 419
Chapter Summaryp. 421
Key Wordsp. 422
Exercisesp. 422
InfoTrac College Edition Exercisesp. 422
Random Number Table and Instructionsp. 425
Statistics Demonstrations and Statistical Tablesp. 429
Glossaryp. 453
Referencesp. 469
Indexp. 473
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.