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Basics of Reasoning

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ISBN-10: 0534538843

ISBN-13: 9780534538842

Edition: 2001

Authors: Ronald Munson, David A. Conway

List price: $49.95
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Based upon the authors' successful ELEMENTS OF REASONING, this text is an even more concise introduction to the basic elements of argumentative prose and the tools to understand, analyze, criticize and construct arguments. More direct, essential coverage of basics is provided with fewer exercises.
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Book details

List price: $49.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/17/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 120
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.550

Preface
Orientation
Basic Assumptions
Recognizing Arguments
What Is an Argument?
Three General Considerations
Recognizing Arguments
Multiple Conclusions and Complex Arguments
Analyzing Arguments
Showing the Structure of Arguments
Strategies of Analysis
Two Special Problems
Analyzing a Complex Argument: An Example
Evaluating Arguments
Deductive Arguments
Nondeductive Arguments
Complex Arguments
Overall Argument Evaluation
Some Valid Argument Forms
Sentential Form
Valid Argument Forms
Two Invalid Argument Forms
Showing the Validity of Complex Arguments
Conditionals
Equivalent Forms
Using Inference and Equivalence Rules
Causal Analysis
Basic Causal Relationships
Designating Factors as Causes
Causal Explanations
Testing Causal Claims
Argument by Analogy and Models
Analogical Arguments
Models
Evaluating Analogical Reasoning
Errors in Reasoning: Fallacies
Fallacies in Supporting a Claim
Fallacies of Criticism and Response
Definition
Definition of Definition
Two Types of Definition
Methods of Definition
Standards of Definition
Vagueness and Ambiguity
Vagueness
Ambiguity
Reasonable Beliefs
Granted Claims and Accepted Beliefs
New Claims, Background Beliefs, and Rationality
Exercises
Exercises: Some Answers, Hints, and Comments
Index