Behavior Modification Principles and Procedures

ISBN-10: 0534210120

ISBN-13: 9780534210120

Edition: 1st 1997

Authors: Raymond G. Miltenberger

List price: $74.95
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Book details

List price: $74.95
Edition: 1st
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 9/30/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 539
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.16" long x 0.81" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

Raymond G. Miltenberger received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology in 1985 from Western Michigan University. He is currently a professor and director of the Applied Behavior Analysis Program at the University of South Florida. Dr. Miltenberger conducts applied behavior analysis research with his students and publishes widely in the areas of sports and fitness, functional assessment and treatment of behavioral disorders, and self-protection skills training. He utilizes behavior modification in clinical work with children and individuals with intellectual disability.

Introduction to Behavior Modificationp. 1
Defining Human Behaviorp. 2
Examples of Behaviorp. 4
Defining Behavior Modificationp. 5
Characteristics of Behavior Modificationp. 5
Historical Roots of Behavior Modificationp. 8
Areas of Applicationp. 11
The Structure of This Textbookp. 14
Measurement of Behavior and Behavior Change
Observing and Recording Behaviorp. 18
Defining the Target Behaviorp. 20
The Logistics of Recordingp. 21
Choosing a Recording Methodp. 24
Choosing a Recording Instrumentp. 29
Reactivityp. 33
Interobserver Reliabilityp. 34
Graphing Behavior and Measuring Changep. 39
Components of a Graphp. 40
Graphing Behavioral Datap. 43
Graphing Different Dimensions of Behaviorp. 46
Research Desingsp. 47
Basic Principles
Reinforcementp. 60
Defining Reinforcementp. 62
Positive and Negative Reinforcementp. 68
Escape and Avoidance Behaviorsp. 70
Conditioned and Unconditioned Reinforcersp. 71
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Reinforcementp. 73
Schedules of Reinforcementp. 76
Reinforcing Different Dimensions of Behaviorp. 81
Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcementp. 81
Extinctionp. 86
Defining Extinctionp. 87
Extinction Burstp. 89
Spontaneous Recoveryp. 92
Procedural Variations of Extinctionp. 92
A Common Misconception About Extinctionp. 95
Factors Influencing Extinctionp. 95
Punishmentp. 100
Defining Punishmentp. 100
A Common Misconception About Punishmentp. 103
Positive and Megative Punishmentp. 104
Unconditioned and Conditioned Punishersp. 108
Contrasting Reinforcement and Punishmentp. 110
Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Punishmentp. 112
Problems with Punishmentp. 114
Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalizationp. 120
Examples of Stimulus Controlp. 120
Defining Stimulus Controlp. 121
Developing Stimulus Control: Stimulus Discrimination Trainingp. 123
The Three-Term Contingencyp. 127
Stimulus Control Researchp. 127
Generalizationp. 128
Examples of Generalizationp. 129
Respondent Conditioningp. 137
Examples of Respondent Conditioningp. 137
Defining Respondent Conditioningp. 138
Timing of the CS and USp. 141
Higher-Order Conditioningp. 143
Conditioned Emotional Responsesp. 143
Extinction of Conditioned Responsesp. 145
Discrimination and Generalization of Respondent Behaviorp. 146
Factors That Influence Respondent Conditioningp. 147
Distinguishing Between Operant and Respondent Conditioningp. 149
Respondent Conditioning and Behavior Modificationp. 152
Procedures to Establish New Behavior
Shapingp. 154
An Example of Shaping: Teaching a Child to Talkp. 154
Defining Shapingp. 155
Applications of Shapingp. 157
Research on Shapingp. 159
How to Use Shapingp. 163
Shaping of Problem Behaviorsp. 164
Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Controlp. 170
An Example of Prompting and Fading: Teaching Little Leaguers to Hit the Ballp. 170
What Is Prompting?p. 172
What Is Fading?p. 173
Types of Promptsp. 175
Transfer of Stimulus Controlp. 178
How to Use Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Controlp. 184
Chainingp. 188
Examples of Behavioral Chainsp. 188
Analyzing Stimulus--Response Chainsp. 189
Task Analysisp. 190
Backward Chainingp. 193
Forward Chainingp. 196
Total Task Presentationp. 198
Other Strategies for Teaching Behavioral Chainsp. 201
How to Use Chaining Proceduresp. 205
Behavioral Skills Training Proceduresp. 209
Examples of BST Proceduresp. 209
Components of the BST Procedurep. 212
Enhancing Generalization After BSTp. 215
BST and the Three-Term Contingencyp. 216
BST in Groupsp. 217
Applications of BST Proceduresp. 217
How to Use BST Proceduresp. 221
Procedures to Increase Desirable Behavior and Decrease Undesirable Behavior
Understanding Problem Behaviors through Functional Assessmentp. 225
Examples of Functional Assessmentp. 225
Defining Functional Assessmentp. 228
Functions of Problem Behaviorsp. 228
Functional Assessment Methodsp. 230
Functional Analysis Researchp. 241
Conducting a Functional Assessmentp. 245
Applying Extinctionp. 253
The Case of Willyp. 253
Using Extinction to Decrease a Problem Behaviorp. 256
Taking Account of the Schedule of Reinforcement Before Extinctionp. 263
Reinforcing Alternative Behaviorsp. 265
Promoting Generalization and Maintenancep. 265
Research Evaluating the Use of Extinctionp. 266
Differential Reinforcementp. 273
Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behaviorp. 273
Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviorp. 284
Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates of Respondingp. 290
Antecedent Control Proceduresp. 300
Examples of Antecedent Controlp. 300
Defining Antecedent Control Proceduresp. 302
Research on Antecedent Control Strategiesp. 310
Using Antecedent Control Strategiesp. 318
Using Punishment: Time-Out and Response Costp. 325
Time-Outp. 326
Response Costp. 335
Positive Punishment Procedures and the Ethics of Punishmentp. 343
Application of Aversive Activitiesp. 343
Application of Aversive Stimulationp. 351
Positive Punishment: Treatment of Last Resortp. 353
Considerations in Using Positive Punishmentp. 354
The Ethics of Punishmentp. 355
Promoting Generalizationp. 361
Examples of Generalization Programmingp. 361
Defining Generalizationp. 362
Strategies for Promoting Generalization of Behavior Changep. 363
Promoting Generalized Reductions in Problem Behaviorsp. 374
Self-Managementp. 381
Examples of Self-Managementp. 381
Defining Self-Management Problemsp. 384
Defining Self-Managementp. 385
Types of Self-Management Strategiesp. 386
Steps in a Self-Management Planp. 390
Other Behavior Change Procedures
Habit Reversal Proceduresp. 398
Examples of Habit Behaviorsp. 398
Defining Habit Behaviorsp. 399
Habit Reversal Proceduresp. 401
Applications of Habit Reversalp. 402
Why Do Habit Reversal Procedures Work?p. 406
Other Treatment Procedures for Habit Disordersp. 407
The Token Economyp. 412
Rehabilitating Sammyp. 412
Defining a Token Economyp. 413
Implementing a Token Economyp. 415
Practical Considerationsp. 421
Applications of a Token Economyp. 422
Advantages and Disadvantages of a Token Economyp. 430
Behavioral Contractsp. 434
Examples of Behavioral Contractingp. 434
Defining the Behavioral Contractp. 437
Components of a Behavioral Contractp. 437
Types of Behavioral Contractsp. 440
Negotiating a Behavioral Contractp. 442
Why Do Behavioral Contracts Influence Behavior?p. 443
Applications of Behavioral Contractsp. 444
Fear and Anxiety Reduction Proceduresp. 451
Examples of Fear and Anxiety Reductionp. 451
Defining Fear and Anxiety Problemsp. 453
Procedures to Reduce Fear and Anxietyp. 456
Clinical Problemsp. 468
Cognitive Behavior Modificationp. 471
Examples of Cognitive Behavior Modificationp. 471
Defining Cognitive Behavior Modificationp. 474
Cognitive Behavior Modification Proceduresp. 476
Clinical Problemsp. 484
Glossaryp. 489
Referencesp. 501
Name Indexp. 523
Subject Indexp. 529
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