Preface to Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0534205569

ISBN-13: 9780534205560

Edition: 5th 1994

List price: $31.95
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This text aims to prepare readers for challenge of philosophy. It illustrates the overall framework of what philosophy is all about - as a realm of study and as a way of thinking. Each chapter addresses key aspects of the philosophical perspective and explores questions such as: what distinguishes a philosophical problem; why it is important to philosophize; the practical consequences of philosophy; the difference between science and philosophy; and why philosophy is not just a matter of personal opinion. The author also offers practical advice to enhance learning in philosophy.
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Book details

List price: $31.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/8/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 174
Size: 5.91" wide x 9.06" long
Weight: 0.572
Language: English

Preface to the Sixth Editionp. xi
A Note to Studentsp. xiii
Recognizing Philosophical Subject Matterp. 1
Philosophical Problems Involve Fundamental Ideasp. 3
Philosophical Problems Involve Questions of Meaning, Truth (Rational Defensibility), and Logical Relationsp. 4
Philosophical Problems Are Not Straightfowardly Empiricalp. 9
Two Case Studiesp. 12
Taking Your First Philosophy Coursep. 14
Study Questionsp. 18
Postscript: Divisions of Philosophyp. 18
Why Philosophize?p. 20
How Philosophers See Their Goalsp. 20
The Relevance of Philosophyp. 29
The Lure of Philosophical Issuesp. 31
Postscript: Are Gurus Philosophers?p. 34
Philosophical Progress: Clearing Up Some Misconceptionsp. 36
Philosophy Is Not Merely an Exercise in Semanticsp. 36
The Choice Between Competing Theories Is Not Arbitraryp. 37
Philosophers Do Agreep. 38
Philosophical Theories Are Not Merely Rationalizations of Personal Beliefp. 40
Why Be Rational?p. 42
Postscript: The Cultural Matrix of Reasonp. 44
Doing Philosophy: Getting Startedp. 46
Preparing to Philosophizep. 47
What Kind of Claim Is Advanced?p. 48
The Claims: A Summaryp. 52
Exercisesp. 54
What Is the Meaning of Key Terms?p. 55
Exercisesp. 60
Doing Philosophy: Further Considerationsp. 61
Do the Arguments Support the Thesis?p. 61
Exercisesp. 67
Are the Premises True?p. 68
Are the Assumptions Correct?p. 68
Exercisesp. 71
Are the Logical Consequences Plausible?p. 72
Exercisesp. 75
How Adequate Is the Theory?p. 75
Exercisesp. 78
An Example of Philosophical Analysis: Near-Death Experiencep. 78
An Example of Philosophical Analysis: Equality of Opportunityp. 81
Common Fallacies in Argumentp. 83
Question-Begging Argumentsp. 83
False Alternativep. 85
False Disjunctp. 85
Ad Hominem Fallacyp. 86
Genetic Fallacyp. 87
Red Herring Fallacyp. 87
Straw Manp. 88
Slippery Slopep. 88
Appeal to Traditionp. 89
Bandwagonp. 89
Compositionp. 90
Divisionp. 90
Hasty Generalizationp. 91
Appeal to Ignorancep. 91
False Causep. 91
Equivocationp. 92
Illicit Appeal to Authorityp. 92
A Final Checklistp. 93
Exercisesp. 93
Reading Philosophyp. 95
Kinds of Philosophical Writingsp. 95
Preparing to Read Philosophyp. 97
Reading for Understandingp. 98
Reading Criticallyp. 105
Writing Philosophyp. 106
The Nature of a Critical Philosophy Essayp. 106
Organizing Your Essayp. 108
Achieving Clarityp. 111
A Sample Essayp. 115
Postscript: A Note on Research Materialsp. 122
Answers to Exercisesp. 124
Appendixp. 132
Glossaryp. 149
Indexp. 163
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