Theory of Knowledge Classical and Contemporary Readings

ISBN-10: 053417826X

ISBN-13: 9780534178260

Edition: 1993

Authors: Louis P. Pojman

List price: $63.95
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A philosophy textbook on epistemology--the study of how we know that we know--that covers topics such as skepticism, perception, induction, and the ethics of belief. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Book details

List price: $63.95
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/27/1992
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 556
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Pojman passed away in 2005.

The Theory of Knowledgep. 1
Plato: The Ascent to Knowledge (from the Republic)p. 6
Plato: Innate Ideas (from the Meno)p. 17
Skepticismp. 25
Rene Descartes: Global Skepticismp. 28
David Hume: Skepticism Regarding the Sensesp. 31
G. E. Moore: A Defense of Common Sensep. 41
Keith Lehrer: Why Not Skepticism?p. 48
Norman Malcolm: Two Types of Knowledgep. 56
Our Knowledge of the External Worldp. 65
John Locke: A Representational Theory of Perceptionp. 69
George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledgep. 83
W. T. Stace: Science and the Physical World: A Defense of Phenomenalismp. 91
C. H. Whiteley: Phenomenalism: Its Grounds and Difficultiesp. 95
Bertrand Russell: A Defense of Representationalismp. 103
John R. Searle: The Intentionality of Perceptionp. 108
Charles Landesman: Why Nothing Has Color: Color Skepticismp. 121
The Analysis of Knowledgep. 129
Edmund L. Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?p. 134
Alvin I. Goldman: A Causal Theory of Knowingp. 137
Keith Lehrer and Thomas D. Paxson, Jr.: Knowledge: Undefeated Justified True Beliefp. 146
Gilbert Harman: Inference to the Best Explanationp. 151
Alvin I. Goldman: Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledgep. 163
William W. Rozeboom: Why I Know So Much More Than You Dop. 175
Theories of Justification (I): Foundationalism and Coherentismp. 187
Rene Descartes: Classical Foundationalismp. 192
Robert Audi: Contemporary Foundationalismp. 206
Laurence BonJour: A Critique of Foundationalismp. 214
Laurence BonJour: Holistic Coherentismp. 226
Richard Fumerton: A Critique of Coherentismp. 241
Ernest Sosa: The Raft and the Pyramid: Coherence versus Foundations in the Theory of Knowledgep. 246
Robert Audi: Fallibilist Foundationalism and Holistic Coherentismp. 263
David Annis: A Contextual Theory of Epistemic Justificationp. 280
Justification (II): Externalism and Internalismp. 289
Alvin I. Goldman: Reliabilism: What Is Justified Belief?p. 292
Keith Lehrer: A Critique of Externalismp. 306
W. V. Quine: Epistemology Naturalizedp. 320
Jaegwon Kim: What Is "Naturalized Epistemology"?p. 329
John L. Pollock: Epistemic Normsp. 341
Alvin Plantinga: Justification in the 20th Centuryp. 351
A Priori Knowledgep. 369
Immanuel Kant: A Priori Knowledgep. 373
A. J. Ayer: An Empiricist Critique of a Priori Knowledgep. 381
A. C. Ewing: In Defense of A Priori Knowledgep. 389
W. V. Quine: Two Dogmas of Empiricismp. 395
H. P. Grice and Peter F. Strawson: In Defense of a Dogmap. 408
Roderick Chisholm: Truths of Reasonp. 414
The Justification of Inductionp. 429
David Hume: The Problem of Inductionp. 432
Bertrand Russell: On Inductionp. 438
F. L. Will: Will the Future Be Like the Past?p. 442
Hans Reichenbach: The Pragmatic Justification of Inductionp. 450
Peter F. Strawson: Dissolving the Problem of Inductionp. 455
Nelson Goodman: The New Riddle of Inductionp. 459
Other Mindsp. 465
Bertrand Russell: The Analogy Argument for Other Mindsp. 468
H. H. Price: The Argument from Language Understandingp. 471
Norman Malcolm: The Behavioral Criterion and the Problem of Other Mindsp. 482
Michael Levin: Why We Believe in Other Mindsp. 488
The Ethics of Beliefp. 499
W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Beliefp. 502
William James: The Will to Believep. 506
Jack Meiland: What Ought We to Believe?p. 514
Louis P. Pojman: Believing, Willing, and the Ethics of Beliefp. 525
Richard Feldman: Epistemic Obligationsp. 544
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