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Japanese Religion Unity and Diversity

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ISBN-10: 0534176941

ISBN-13: 9780534176945

Edition: 4th 2004 (Revised)

Authors: H. Byron Earhart

List price: $138.95
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In continuous print since 1969, this text has helped establish the treatment of Japanese religion as a unified worldview, offering a concise yet thorough look at the culture and history of the Japanese religion. This text helps students see Japanese religion as a whole, rather than as disconnected religious traditions. No technical knowledge of Japanese history, Japanese religion, or the Japanese language is required for understanding the material. JAPANESE RELIGION has been used in Japan and Europe, as well as in North America.
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Book details

List price: $138.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990

H. Byron Earhart studied under Mircea Eliade and Joseph M. Kitagawa at the University of Chicago, where he received a doctorate in History of Religions. He has conducted research in Japan for his dissertation on the "mountain religion" of Shugendo, and for work on folk religion and new religions. He is professor emeritus in the Department of Comparative Religion at Western Michigan University, which awarded him a Distinguished Faculty Scholar award for his numerous publications. A number of his works have been translated into Japanese. His most recent book is MOUNT FUJI: ICON OF JAPAN (University of South Carolina, 2011). His next book is a comparative study of amulets.

Table of Japanese Religious History
Map of Japan
Five Religious Strands
Unity and Diversity
Persistent Themes in Japanese Religious History
The Closeness of Human Beings, Gods, and Nature
The Religious Character of the Family
The Significance of Purification, Specific Rituals, and Amulets
The Prominence of Local Festivals and Individual Cults
The Pervasiveness of Religion in Everyday Life
The Intimate Bond Between Religion and the Nation
The Traditional Worldview
The Formation of Japanese Religion
The Prehistoric Heritage
The Beginnings of Japanese Culture
The Evidence and Meaning of the Earliest Religion in Japan
The Religious Significance of Burial and the Dead
The Religious Significance of Fertility
The Religious Significance of Divine Descent
Early Shinto
Mythological Materials and the Origins of Shinto
The Organization of Shinto: Priests and Rituals in Shrines
Distinctive Characteristics of Shinto
Early Japanese Buddhism: Indian Influence with Chinese Coloration
The Introduction of Buddhism as a Foreign Religion
Buddhism's Impact on the Court and the State
Buddhism as a State Religion
The Six Philosophical Schools of Nara Buddhism
The Sanron School
The Decline of Nara Buddhism
Confucianism and Taoism: Chinese Importations
Confucianism: Explicit Chinese Influence on State and Society
Taoism: Implicit Chinese Influence on Beliefs and Rituals
Confucianism and Taoism as Japanese Traditions
Folk Religion: Religiosity Outside Organized Religion
Aspects of Japanese Folk Religion
Folk Religion in Family, Village, and Occupation
The Individual and Folk Religion
Interaction in the Formation of Japanese Religion
The Interaction of Religious Traditions
The Formation of a Distinctive Japanese Religious Tradition
The Development and Elaboration of Japanese Religion
The Development of a Japanese Buddhism: Shingon and Tendai
The New Buddhism of the Heian Period
Shingon: Esoteric Buddhism in Japan
Tendai: The Lotus Sutra, Proper Ordination for Monks, and Buddahood for All Humans
The Development of Japanese Buddhism and Japanese Religion
Elaboration within Japanese Buddhism: Pure Land, Nichiren, and Zen Buddhism
Buddhism: From Heian to Kamakura Times
The Pure Land Sects: Faith in Amida and the Recitation of the Nembutsu
Nichiren: Faith in the Lotus Sutra as the Exclusive National Buddhism
The Zen Sects: Enlightenment Through Meditation
Dogen: Sitting in Meditation
Zen: Institutional and Artistic Developments
The Development of Medieval Shinto
Medieval Buddhism and Medieval Shinto
The Relation of Tendai and Shingon to Medieval Shinto
Medieval Shinto: Individual Scholars and Family Traditions
The Appearance of Christianity in Japan
The Introduction of Christianity into Japan
The Japanese Acceptance of Christianity
The Expulsion of Christianity
The Significance of the Christian Century
The Five Traditions: Development and Mutual Influence
Formalism and Renewal in Japanese Religion
Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism, and Restoration Shinto in the Tokugawa Period
The Tokugawa Government and Religion
Tokugawa Buddhism: State Patronage and Weakened Vitality
Neo-Confucianism: Political Stability and Social Conformity
Neo-Confucianism: The Development of Public and Private Ethics
Restoration Shinto: The Movement for a Purified Shinto
Motoori Norinaga and Restoration Shinto
The Meiji Restoration and State Shinto
The Political and Religious Significance of the Meiji Restoration
The Attempt to Restore Shinto as the Only Japanese Religion
The Establishment of Nonreligious Shrine Shinto
Japan as a Nation-State--Nationalism in World Perspective
Shrine Shinto as an Expression of Nationalism and Militarism
Religious Currents from 1868 to 1945
Buddhism: The Quest for Renewal, Especially Within Buddhist Scholarship
Christianity: Strength and Weakness Since 1868
The New Religions: New Variations from Old Traditions
The Fortunes of Religion 1868-1945: From Freedom of Religion to State Orthodoxy
Two New Religions: Tenrikyo and Soka Gakkai
The Many New Religions: Differences and Similarities
Tenrikyo: A Living Kami and a Joyous Life
Soka Gakkai: Faith in the Lotus Sutra and a Happy Life
The Significance of the New Religions: Old Wine in New Bottles
Religion in Postwar Japan
Shinto: Disestablishment and Popular Disfavor
Buddhism: The Continuing Quest for Renewal
Christianity: The Problems of Denominationalism
The Postwar Boom of New Religions
Religious Life in Contemporary Japan
Are the Japanese Religious?
Persistent Themes in Contemporary Japanese Religion
Approaches to Religious Change
Transformations of Religious Life in Contemporary Japan
Conclusion: the Challenge for Japanese Religion
Study Questions
Annotated Bibliography on Japanese Religion