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Fundamentals of Structural Geology

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ISBN-10: 0521839270

ISBN-13: 9780521839273

Edition: 2005

Authors: Raymond C. Fletcher, David D. Pollard

List price: $110.00
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Fundamentals of Structural Geology provides a new framework for the investigation of geological structures by integrating field mapping and mechanical analysis. Assuming a basic knowledge of physical geology, introductory calculus and physics, it emphasizes the observational data, modern mapping technology, principles of continuum mechanics, and the mathematical and computational skills, necessary to quantitatively map, describe, model, and explain deformation in Earth's lithosphere. By starting from the fundamental conservation laws of mass and momentum, the constitutive laws of material behavior, and the kinematic relationships for strain and rate of deformation, the authors demonstrate…    
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Book details

List price: $110.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/1/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 514
Size: 7.44" wide x 9.92" long x 1.14" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

David Pollard is the Morris Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University.

Motivations and opportunities
Earthquake hazards in southern California
Radar lineaments on Venus
Faulting in a North Sea hydrocarbon reservoir
Anticracks in southern France
Mountain building on the Colorado Plateau
Concluding remarks
Structural mapping techniques and tools
Geographic coordinates and map projections
Local coordinates and position vectors
Orientations of structural elements
Structural mapping using GPS technology
Concluding remarks
Characterizing structures using differential geometry
The concept and description of lineations
The concept and description of curved surfaces
Applications of differential geometry to structural geology
Concluding remarks
Physical quantities, fields, dimensions, and scaling
Physical quantities and the continuum
Physical dimensions and dimensional analysis
Dimensionless groups and the scaling of structural processes
Scaled laboratory models
Concluding remarks
Deformation and flow
Rock deformation: some observations and a simple description
Evolving geometry of a structure: kinematic models, velocity models, and deformation
Relation between deformation and velocity fields
Velocity fields: the instantaneous state of motion
General results
Concluding remarks
Force, traction, and stress
Concepts of force and traction
Concept and analysis of stress
State of stress in the Earth
Concluding remarks
Conservation of mass and momentum
Particle dynamics
Rigid-body dynamics and statics
Conservation of mass and momentum in a deformable continuum
Field equations for the elastic solid and viscous fluid
Concluding remarks
Elastic deformation
Estimating rock properties from geological field tests
The idealized elastic material
Quasi-static displacement boundary value problems
Quasi-static traction boundary value problems
Elastic properties from laboratory and engineering field tests
Elastic heterogeneity and anisotropy
Concluding remarks
Brittle behavior
Brittle deformation in the laboratory and in the field
Strength of laboratory samples
Brittle failure in a field of homogeneous stress
Brittle failure in a field of heterogeneous stress
Fracture propagation and fault growth
Concluding remarks
Viscous flow
Rock deformation by viscous flow
Constitutive relations for isotropic viscous fluids
Plane and antiplane flow
Viscous flow in layers: mullions and folds
Flow of anisotropic viscous fluids
Concluding remarks
Rheological behavior
Departures from linear viscous flow
Boudinage and the non-linear power-law fluid
Coupling of viscous flow and macroscopic diffusional transport
Continuum properties of composite materials
Anisotropic fluids and internal instability
Concluding remarks
Model development and methodology
Idealization of field observations
Selection of general boundary conditions
A methodology for the practice of structural geology
Concluding remarks