Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion The United States, France, and Turkey
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Description: Why do secular states pursue different policies toward religion? This book provides a generalizable argument about the impact of ideological struggles on the public policy making process, as well as a state-religion regimes index of 197 countries. More specifically, it analyzes why American state policies are largely tolerant of religion, whereas French and Turkish policies generally prohibit its public visibility, as seen in their bans on Muslim headscarves. In the United States, the dominant ideology is "passive secularism," which requires the state to play a passive role, to be neutral toward religions and non-religion. Dominant ideology in France and Turkey is "assertive secularism," which demands that the state play an assertive role in excluding religion from the public sphere. Passive and assertive secularism became dominant in these cases through particular historical processes, particularly the presence or absence of an ancien r_gime based on the marriage between monarchy and hegemonic religion during state-building periods.
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/20/2009
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
|List of Figures and Tables|
|Glossary of Abbreviations|
|Analyzing Secularism: History, Ideology, and Policy|
|The United States|
|Passive Secularism and the Christian Right's Challenge (1981-2008)|
|Religious Diversity and the Evolution of Passive Secularism (1776-1981)|
|Assertive Secularism and the Multiculturalist Challenge (1989-2008)|
|The War of Two Frances and the Rise of Assertive Secularism (1789-1989)|
|Assertive Secularism and the Islamic Challenge (1997-2008)|
|Westernization and the Emergence of Assertive Secularism (1826-1997)|
|State-Religion Regimes Index of 197 Countries|
|Human Development and Official Religion in 176 Countries|
|State-Religion Regimes in Forty-Six Muslim Countries|
|Turkey's National Security Council Decisions, February 28, 1997|