Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy

ISBN-10: 0521733170

ISBN-13: 9780521733175

Edition: 2008

Authors: Jeffrey P. Freidberg

List price: $108.00 Buy it from $104.63
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Description:

There has been an increase in interest worldwide in fusion research over the last decade due to the recognition that a large number of new, environmentally attractive, sustainable energy sources will be needed to meet ever increasing demand for electrical energy. Based on a series of course notes from graduate courses in plasma physics and fusion energy at MIT, the text begins with an overview of world energy needs, current methods of energy generation, and the potential role that fusion may play in the future. It covers energy issues such as the production of fusion power, power balance, the design of a simple fusion reactor and the basic plasma physics issues faced by the developers of fusion power. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers working in applied physics and nuclear engineering. A large number of problems accumulated over two decades of teaching are included to aid understanding.
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Book details

List price: $108.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 7/10/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 690
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.992
Language: English

Jeffrey P. Freidberg is a Professor and previous Head of the Nuclear Science and Engineering Department at MIT. He is also an Associate Director of the Plasma Science and Fusion Center, which is the main fusion research laboratory at MIT.

Preface
Acknowledgements
Units
Fusion power
Fusion and world energy
Introduction
The existing energy options
The role of fusion energy
Overall summary and conclusions
Bibliography
The fusion reaction
Introduction
Nuclear vs. chemical reactions
Nuclear energy by fission
Nuclear energy by fusion
The binding energy curve and why it has the shape it does
Summary
Bibliography
Problems
Fusion power generation
Introduction
The concepts of cross section, mean free path, and collision frequency
The reaction rate
The distribution functions, the fusion cross sections, and the fusion power density
Radiation losses
Summary
Bibliography
Problems
Power balance in a fusion reactor
Introduction
The 0-D conservation of energy relation
General power balance in magnetic fusion
Steady state 0-D power balance
Power balance in the plasma
Power balance in a reactor
Time dependent power balance in a fusion reactor
Summary of magnetic fusion power balance
Bibliography
Problems
Design of a simple magnetic fusion reactor
Introduction
A generic magnetic fusion reactor
The critical reactor design parameters to be calculated
Design goals, and basic engineering and nuclear physics constraints
Design of the reactor
Summary
Bibliography
Problems
The plasma physics of fusion energy
Overview of magnetic fusion
Introduction
Basic description of a plasma
Single-particle behavior
Self-consistent models
MHD equilibrium and stability
Magnetic fusion concepts
Transport
Heating and current drive
The future of fusion research
Bibliography
Definition of a fusion plasma
Introduction
Shielding DC electric fields in a plasma - the Debye length
Shielding AC electric fields in a plasma - the plasma frequency
Low collisionality and collective effects
Additional constraints for a magnetic fusion plasma
Macroscopic behavior vs. collisions
Summary
Bibliography
Problems
Single-particle motion in a plasma - guiding center theory
Introduction
General properties of single-particle motion
Motion in a constant B field
Motion in constant B and E fields: the E x B drift
Motion in fields with perpendicular gradients: the [down triangle, open] B drift
Motion in a curved magnetic field: the curvature drift
Combined V[subscript down triangle, open B] and V[subscript k] drifts in a vacuum magnetic field
Motion in time varying E and B fields: the polarization drift
Motion in fields with parallel gradients: the magnetic moment and mirroring
Summary - putting all the pieces together
Bibliography
Problems
Single-particle motion - Coulomb collisions
Introduction
Coulomb collisions - mathematical derivation
The test particle collision frequencies
The mirror machine revisited
The slowing down of high-energy ions
Runaway electrons
Net exchange collisions
Summary
Bibliography
Problems
A self-consistent two-fluid model
Introduction
Properties of a fluid model
Conservation of mass
Conservation of momentum
Conservation of energy
Summary of the two-fluid model
Bibliography
Problems
MHD - macroscopic equilibrium
The basic issues of macroscopic equilibrium and stability
Derivation of MHD from the two-fluid model
Derivation of MHD from guiding center theory
MHD equilibrium - a qualitative description
Basic properties of the MHD equilibrium model
Radial pressure balance
Toroidal force balance
Summary of MHD equilibrium
Bibliography
Problems
MHD - macroscopic stability
Introduction
General concepts of stability
A physical picture of MHD instabilities
The general formulation of the ideal MHD stability problem
The infinite homogeneous plasma - MHD waves
The linear [theta]-pinch
The m = 0 mode in a linear Z-pinch
The m = 1 mode in a linear Z-pinch
Summary of stability
Bibliography
Problems
Magnetic fusion concepts
Introduction
The levitated dipole (LDX)
The field reversed configuration (FRC)
The surface current model
The reversed field pinch (RFP)
The spheromak
The tokamak
The stellarator
Revisiting the simple fusion reactor
Overall summary
Bibliography
Problems
Transport
Introduction
Transport in a 1-D cyclindrical plasma
Solving the transport equations
Neoclassical transport
Empirical scaling relations
Applications of transport theory to a fusion ignition experiment
Overall summary
Bibliography
Problems
Heating and current drive
Introduction
Ohmic heating
Neutral beam heating
Basic principles of RF heating and current drive
The cold plasma dispersion relation
Collisionless damping
Electron cyclotron heating (ECH)
Ion cyclotron heating (ICH)
Lower hybrid current drive (LHCD)
Overall summary
Bibliography
Problems
The future of fusion research
Introduction
Current status of plasma physics research
ITER
A Demonstration Power Plant (DEMO)
Bibliography
Analytical derivation of [right angle bracket sigma] v[left angle bracket]
Radiation from an accelerating charge
Derivation of Boozer coordinates
Poynting's theorem
Index
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