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Philosophy from a Skeptical Perspective

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ISBN-10: 0521726395

ISBN-13: 9780521726399

Edition: 2008

Authors: Joseph Agassi, Abraham Meidan

List price: $26.99
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Description:

One of the questions that philosophers discuss is: How can we avoid, or at least reduce, errors when explaining the world? The skeptical answer to this question is: We cannot avoid errors since no statement is certain or even definitely plausible, but we can eliminate some past errors. This book advocates the skeptical position and discusses its practical applications in science, ethics, aesthetics, and politics. It brings philosophy down to earth and comprises an outline of a skeptical guide to the real world.
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Book details

List price: $26.99
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 6/2/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 180
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Abraham Meidan is an independent scholar of philosophy. He is the chief executive officer of WizSoft, a data-mining software company; Chairman of the Board of Afeka Engineering College in Tel Aviv; and Chairman of the Targetech Innovation Center.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Practical Side of Philosophy
The History of Epistemology
Error Avoidance and the Foundations of Knowledge
A Word about Metaphysics
Skepticism
The Strange Story of the Idea of Error Avoidance
Radical Skepticism
The Case of Mathematics and Logic
The Skeptical Arguments
Skepticism in Epistemology
Practical Implications
Science
The Critique of Empiricism
The Probability Theory of Rational Beliefs
The Minimum Unexpectedness Hypothesis on Beliefs
More on the Paradoxes of Empiricism
Theories Adjusted Ad Hoc
Simplicity and Occam's Razor
Predictions and Explanations
Tradition
Applications
Ethics
Skepticism in Ethics
Toward a Psychological Theory of Moral Judgments
Maximizing the Welfare of Humanity
Liberalism as the Default Option
Utilitarian versus Kantian Ethics
Sympathy
Moral Disputes
More Against Reductionism in Ethics
Politics
The Justification of Sovereignty
Toward a Psychological Theory of the Morality of Politics
The Fear of Social Disorders
Political Disputes
The Dissolution of the Nation-State
Democracy versus Dictatorship
Aesthetics
Skepticism in Aesthetics
Aesthetics and Beauty
Toward a Psychological Theory of Beauty
The Evolution of Art
Non-Beautiful Art
Beauty and Pleasure
Tragedy
Repetitions (1)
Repetitions (2)
Pretty Average Faces
Humor
Non-Reductionism and Non-Relativism
Aesthetic Disputes
Conclusion
The Next Step
Psychology
The Meaning of Life
Glossary
Further Reading
Bibliography
Index