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Mechanics of Pre-Industrial Technology An Introduction to the Mechanics of Ancient and Traditional Material Culture

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ISBN-10: 0521428718

ISBN-13: 9780521428712

Edition: 1990

Authors: Brian Cotterell, Johan Kamminga

List price: $49.99
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Description:

This is the first general account of the mechanics behind pre-industrial technology. By combining the skills of an engineer and an archaeologist, it shows how mechanics can be used to create a better understanding of the function of artifacts and the achievements of early technology. The authors examine technology from the earliest stone tools of more than two million years ago to the erection of the statues of Easter Island which continued into the seventeenth century. Representative material cultures from most areas of the world have been selected for this study and the book shows how sophisticated many of their apparently simple techniques and artefacts actually were. After an…    
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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 1990
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/24/1992
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 344
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
Introduction
Invention and diffusion
Theories of cultural evolution
Artifact sophistication and complexity
The development of mechanical science
Mechanics of material culture
Methods of mechanical analysis
Mechanical experimentation
Definitions and units
Basic mechanics
Space and time
Mass
Force
The laws of motion
The main sources of force in pre-industrial technology
Muscular force
Gravitational force
Frictional force
Scalars and vectors
Acceleration
Work and energy
Power
Equilibrium and stability
Fluids and solids
Fluids
Concept of pressure
The motion of ideal fluids
The siphon
The water-wheel
Viscous flow
Water-clocks
Solids
Stress and strength
Deformation and strain
Stress-strain relationships
Resilience and strain energy
Machines
The lever
The moment of a force
Lever systems of animals
Lifting with a lever
The beam press
The balance
The inclined plane
The pulley
The winch and capstan
The screw
The gear wheel
The wedge
Structures
Suspension bridges
Column and lintel construction
Beams
Trusses
Arches and domes
Arches
Domes
Stone tools
The stone materials
Flaked stone tools
Fracture mechanics
The initiation phase of flake formation
The propagation phase of flake formation
The termination phase of flake formation
Flake surface markings
Ground stone tools
The mechanics of abrasion
Use-wear on stone tools
Projectiles
The motion of projectiles
The spear
The spearthrower
The stability of a spear
The boomerang
The bow and arrow
The composite bow
The archer's paradox
Torsion catapults
Land transport
The mechanics of walking
Pack transport
Wheeled vehicles
Friction of rollers and wheels
The dished wheel
Animal ability and harness
The wheelbarrow
Moving the colossi
Lubrication
Rollers
Ropes
Easter Island statues
Classical Greece and Rome
Water transport
Buoyancy
Lateral stability
Propulsion
Oars
Sails
Water resistance
The performance of the Trireme
Steering and directional stability
Musical instruments
The nature of sound
The pitch and quality of a musical note
Harmony and musical scales
Musical instruments
Chordophones, or stringed instruments
Aerophones, or wind instruments
Idiophones, or percussion instruments other than drums
Membranophones, or drums
Archaeomusicology
Epilogue
Glossary of mechanical terms
Symbols
Useful mathematical formulas
References
Index