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Thermoluminescence of Solids

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ISBN-10: 0521368111

ISBN-13: 9780521368117

Edition: N/A

Authors: S. W. S. McKeever, D. R. Clarke, S. Suresh, I. M. Ward

List price: $96.99
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Description:

McKeever gives us a comprehensive survey of thermoluminescence, an important, versatile, and widely-used experimental technique. Bringing together previously isolated specialized approaches, he stresses the importance of the solid state aspects of the phenomenon and links these to applications in dating, dosimetry, and geology. The book contains chapters on analysis and special properties, on instrumentation, and on the variety of defect reaction--using the alkali halides and SiO2 as examples--that can take place within a material to yield thermoluminescence. Three chapters concerning applications discuss the features of the solid state reactions to explain some of the properties observed…    
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Book details

List price: $96.99
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 10/27/1988
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 392
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
What is thermoluminescence?
Luminescence
Early observations of thermoluminescence (pre-1948)
Applications
Radiation dosimetry
Age determination
Geology
Defects in solids
Other applications
This book
Theoretical background
Elementary concepts
Energy bands and localized levels: crystalline materials
Non-crystalline materials
Traps and recombination centres
Transitions not involving the delocalized bands
Recombination processes
Direct and indirect recombination
Radiative and non-radiative recombination
Models for thermoluminescence
Simple model
Additions to the simple model
An alternative model
More complex models
Thermoluminescence analysis
Introduction
Trap emptying
Equations for the simple model: order of kinetics
Equations for other models
Methods of analysis
Partial and whole curve analyses
Peak shape methods
Peak position methods
Curve-fitting
Isothermal analysis
Energy distributions
Calculation of the frequency factor, s
Summary
Trap filling
The simple model
Additions to the simple model
Additional factors governing thermoluminescence
Further discussions of supralinearity
Multi-stage reaction models
More on competition models
Trap creation models
Sensitization
Competing trap models
Centre conversion models
Trap creation models (radiation and thermal)
Optical effects
Optical stimulation
Phototransfer
Tunnelling and anomalous fading
Quenching effects
Thermal quenching
Concentration quenching
Impurity quenching
Defects and thermoluminescence
General introduction
The alkali halides
Structure and defects
Irradiation effects
Thermoluminescence from KCl, KBr, KI and NaCl, irradiated at 4K
Samples irradiated at 80K
Samples irradiated at room temperature
Thermoluminescence from LiF
Quartz and silica
Structure
Defects
Luminescence
Thermoluminescence; samples irradiated below room temperature
Samples irradiated at room temperature
Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD)
General requirements for TLD materials
Dose response
Energy response
Fading and stability
Annealing procedures
Other factors
Specific examples
Lithium fluoride, LiF
Lithium borate, Li[subscript 2]B[subscript 4]O[subscript 7]
Magnesium borate, MgB[subscript 4]O[subscript 7]
Magnesium orthosilicate, Mg[subscript 2]SiO[subscript 4]
Calcium sulphate, CaSO[subscript 4]
Calcium fluoride, CaF[subscript 2]
Beryllium oxide, BeO
Aluminium oxide, Al[subscript 2]O[subscript 3]
Ultra-violet effects and dose re-estimation
Personal dosimetry
Introduction
Materials
Practical application
Environmental monitoring
Introduction
Materials
Practical application
Medical applications
Introduction
Materials
Practical application
Specific examples
Thermoluminescence dating
General
Techniques in pottery dating
Introduction
Fine-grain dating
Inclusion dating
Pre-dose dating
Phototransfer dating
General problems
Fading
Spurious thermoluminescence
Sensitization and supralinearity
Dose rate evaluation
Introduction
Thermoluminescence dosimetry
Alpha-counting and K-analysis
Other techniques
Special dating applications
Sediments
Stones and rocks
Shells, bones and teeth
Authenticity testing
Geological applications
General
Meteorites
Mineralogy
Thermoluminescence
The use of the natural glow-curve
The use of the artificial glow-curve
Lunar material
Mineralogy and ages
Luminescence
Thermoluminescence
Terrestrial geology
Shock detection
Geo- and palaeothermometry
Prospecting
Miscellaneous applications
Concluding remarks
Instrumentation
Introduction
Cryostat design
High temperature (] room temperature)
Low temperature ([ room temperature)
Heater design and temperature control
Heater design
Temperature control
Light detection
Photomultiplier tube: d.c. current mode
Photon counting
Special considerations
Background subtraction
Emission spectra
Commercial systems
Minerals
Commercial thermoluminescence systems
References
Index