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Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes Philosophical Papers

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ISBN-10: 0521280311

ISBN-13: 9780521280310

Edition: 1978

Authors: Imre Lakatos, John Worrall, Gregory Currie

List price: $31.99
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Description:

Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume II presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues. Imre Lakatos had an influence out of all proportion to the length of his philosophical career. This collection exhibits and confirms the originality, range and the essential…    
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Book details

List price: $31.99
Copyright year: 1978
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 10/16/1980
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 260
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

John L. Worrall is Professor of Criminology and Program Head at the University of Texas at Dallas (UTD). A Seattle native, he received a B.A., double majoring in psychology and law and justice, from Central Washington University in 1994. Both his M.A. (criminal justice) and Ph.D. (political science) were received from Washington State University, where he graduated in 1999. From 1999-2006, he was a member of the criminal justice faculty at California State University, San Bernardino. He joined UTD in Fall 2006, was promoted to full professor in 2008, and in 2010 was selected to direct the criminology program. Dr. Worrall has published articles and book chapters on a wide range of topics…    

Editors' introduction
Introduction: Science and pseudoscience
Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes
Science: reason or religion?
Fallibilism versus falsificationism
Dogmatic (or naturalistic) falsificationism. The empirical basis
Methodological falsificationism. The 'empirical basis'
Sophisticated versus naive methodological falsificationism. Progressive and degenerating problemshifts
A methodology of scientific research programmes
Negative heuristic: the 'hard core' of the programme
Positive heuristic: the construction of the 'protective belt' and the relative autonomy of theoretical science
Two illustrations: Prout and Bohr
Prout: a research programme progressing in an ocean of anomalies
Bohr: a research programme progressing on inconsistent foundations
A new look at crucial experiments: the end of instant rationality
The Michelson-Morley experiment
The Lummer-Pringsheim experiments
Beta-decay versus conservation laws
Conclusion. The requirement of continuous growth
The Popperian versus the Kuhnian research programme
Popper, falsificationism and the 'Duhem-Quine thesis'
History of science and its rational reconstructions
Introduction
Rival methodologies of science; rational reconstructions as guides to history
Inductivism
Conventionalism
Methodological falsificationism
Methodology of scientific research programmes
Internal and external history
Critical comparison of methodologies: history as a test of its rational reconstructions
Falsificationism as a meta-criterion: history 'falsifies' falsificationism (and any other methodology)
The methodology of historiographical research programmes. History --to varying degrees--corroborates its rational reconstructions
Against aprioristic and anti-theoretical approaches to methodology
Conclusion
Popper on demarcation and induction
Introduction
Popper on demarcation
Popper's game of science
How can one criticize the rules of the scientific game?
A quasi-Polanyiite 'falsification' of Popper's demarcation criterion
An amended demarcation criterion
An amended meta-criterion
Negative and positive solutions to the problem of induction: scepticism and fallibilism
The game of science and the search for truth
A plea to Popper for a whiff of 'inductivism'
(with Elie Zahar) Why did Copernicus's research programme supersede Ptolemy's?
Introduction
Empiricist accounts of the 'Copernican Revolution'
Simplicism
Polyanyiite and Feyerabendian accounts of the Copernican revolution
The Copernican revolution in the light of the methodology of scientific research programmes
The Copernican revolution in the light of Zahar's new version of the methodology of scientific research programmes
A postscript on history of science and its rational reconstructions
Newton's effect on scientific standards
The justificationist high road to psychologism and mysticism
Justificationism and its two poles: dogmatism and scepticism
Psychologistic justificationism
Justificationist fallibilism
Newtonian methodology versus Newtonian method
Newton's problem: the clash between standards and acheivements
Newtonians against metaphysical criticism
Newton's idea of experimental proof and its credo quid absurdum
Newtonians and factual criticism
Newton's double legacy
References
Lakatos bibliography
Indexes