Congress in Black and White Race and Representation in Washington and at Home

ISBN-10: 0521177014

ISBN-13: 9780521177016

Edition: 2011

Authors: Christian R. Grose

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Does the election of African-American politicians matter? Electing black legislators yields more federal dollars and congressional attention directed toward African Americans. Grose examines an exceptional moment in history in which black legislators represented white-majority districts.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 1/31/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.682
Language: English

Christian Grose is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Southern California, where he has served on the faculty since 2010. He previously taught at Vanderbilt University and Lawrence University. He holds a PhD in political science from the University of Rochester and received his BA from Duke University. His research has focused on American political institutions (Congress and the Presidency), legislative representation, distributive public policy, voting rights and racial politics. In addition to this book, he has published or has forthcoming 16 articles in scholarly journals such as the American Journal of Political Science, the British Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Polity and Presidential Studies Quarterly. Christian received the 2010 CQ Press award for the best paper on legislative studies presented at the American Political Science Association meeting. He is also a previous recipient of the Carl Albert award for the best dissertation in legislative politics from the American Political Science Association. In addition to his scholarly work, he is a commentator on politics and public affairs in the media.

List of Figures and Tables
African-American Legislators, African-American Districts, or Democrats?
Summary of Book's Argument and Findings
The Book's Roadmap
A Unified Theory of African-American Representation in Congress
The Unified Theory of African-American Representation in Congress
Three Competing Theories of Racial Representation in Congress
Racial Trust between Black Voters and Black Legislators
Congressional Decision Making, Political Parties, and Race
Electoral Coalitions, Turnout, and Substantive Representation
Black Faces, White Districts: The Supreme Court and Racial Redistricting
White Legislators and Black-Influence Districts
Why No One Has Examined Both a Legislator's Race and a District's Black Population
The �Hollow Hope� of Civil Rights Change in the U.S. House
Perverse Effects, Beneficial Effects, or Minimal Effects? Does Racial Gerrymandering Affect Median Civil Rights Policy Outcomes in the U.S. House?
What Are Black Interests on Roll Calls?
How Can We Determine Legislators' Preferences on Civil Rights?
Has the Civil Rights Policy Space in Congress Changed Over Time?
The Relative Unimportance of the South for Civil Rights Floor Outcomes in the House
Civil Rights Ideological Shifts in State Delegations Due to Racial Redistricting
Political Parties, Agenda Setting, and Civil Rights Voting Records in Congress
Counterfactual Analysis
Did the Creation of Black-Majority Districts in 1992 Give the House to Republicans?
Summary: Racial Redistricting in 1992 and Aggregate Policy Outcomes in the U.S. House
What About at the District Level? Does Party or Race Matter More?
Implications for the Future of Majority-Minority Districts
Location, Location, Location: Delivering Constituency Service to African Americans
Constituency Service as Substantive Representation
The Importance of Race: Helping Constituents in the District
Talking with Congressional Staff to Assess Constituency Service to African Americans
Reaching Voters with Service: Race Trumps Geography and Party
Randy Forbes: �Big Shoes to Fill�
Earl Hilliard: �He Was Elected to Represent the People Here�
Congressional Offices in Black Neighborhoods?
Constituency Service in the District: Connecting Black Legislators, Black Staff, and Black Voters
African-American Staff and Substantive Congressional Representation
White Staff and Substantive Representation via Constituency Service
The Racial Backgrounds of Congressional District Staff Across the United States
Which Members of Congress Disproportionately Hire African-American Staff?
Commonality versus Difference: No Difference
Conclusion: Race and the Quality of Constituency Service to Black Constituents
Bringing Home the Bacon: Delivering Federal �Pork� to African Americans
Pork Is Substantive Representation
Bringing Home the Bacon to Predominately Black Counties and Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Black Legislators Deliver More Projects to African Americans
The Effect of a Legislator's Race on Project Allocations
The Effect of Party on Project Allocation to Black Constituents
Racial Trust: The Interactive Effect of District Black Population and a Legislator's Race
Pork Delivery, Electoral Coalitions, and Racial Representation
Conclusion and Discussion
The Future of Racial Redistricting: Black-Decisive Districts
Race, Legislative Representation, and the Importance of Elections
The Need for Black-Decisive Districts: Policy Implications for the Future of Majority-Minority Districts and Representation
Criteria for Drawing Districting Plans Maximizing Black-Decisive Districts
Conclusion and Closing Thoughts
Methods Used to Measure the Civil Rights Issue Space
Methods for Qualitative Research
Data, Methods, and Models for Project Allocations to African Americans
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