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Conflict and Consensus in American Politics

ISBN-10: 0495104434

ISBN-13: 9780495104438

Edition: 2007 (Revised)

Authors: Stephen J. Wayne, Richard Cole, G. Calvin Mackenzie

List price: $183.95
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Description:

American Government courses are constantly changing because of world events and the political cycle. As you know, we just went through an election cycle that determined many governor races as well as the party in control of Congress. We incorporate all of these major changes in this new edition. In addition, there are other current issues covered in this new edition including issues of immigration, education, and the tensions of the federalist system. CONFLICT AND CONSENSUS IN AMERICAN POLITICS uses its titled theme to underscore both real life politics as well as the theory behind how American Politics is supposed to work. The book's organizational framework, as well as features in each chapter, makes these connections clear to you as the reader, stopping you along the way to quiz you on how well you understand the material before you move on. From this text, you should also gain an accurate and positive view of how and why politics and government in the U.S. works.
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Book details

List price: $183.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 12/12/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 704
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

Stephen J. Wayne is a well-known author and lecturer on the American presidency and electoral politics. A professor of government at Georgetown University since 1988 and a Washington-based "insider" for more than 40 years, Wayne has written or edited 12 books and authored over 100 articles, chapters, and reviews that have appeared in professional journals, scholarly compilations, newspapers, and magazines. At Georgetown, Wayne teaches courses on the presidency, elections, and psychology and politics. Wayne is frequently quoted by White House journalists and regularly appears on television and radio news shows. He lectures widely at home and abroad to international visitors, college students, federal executives, and business leaders. He has testified before Congress on the subject of presidential elections and governance and before Democratic and Republican party advisory committees on the presidential nomination processes. He participated in transition projects for the National Academy of Public Administration and the Presidency Research Group.

Steven P. Lab (Ph.D., Criminology, Florida State University, 1982) has been a member of the Criminal Justice faculty at Bowling Green State University since 1987 and is currently Professor and Director of the Criminal Justice Program and Chair of the Department of Human Services. Dr. Lab is a nationally recognized expert in the area of crime prevention and is the author of Crime Prevention: Approaches, Practices and Evaluations, Fifth Edition . His research interests also include juvenile delinquency, school crime, and victims of crime. He is the author of over three dozen articles or book chapters and author or editor of 5 books. He has also served as editor of the Journal of Crime and Justice . Dr. Lab is a regular consultant for the National Institute of Justice on research and funding activities in the areas of crime prevention, community policing, school crime, gang behavior and interventions, and police partnerships to address crime. He is currently leading an effort to develop a 5-year strategic plan to direct NIJ funding in the area of crime prevention. Dr. Lab is a Past President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and has served in many other capacities for ACJS, the Midwestern Criminal Justice Association, the Ohio Council of Criminal Justice Educators, and the Police Section of ACJS.G. Calvin Mackenzie is The Goldfarb Family Distinguished Professor of American Government at Colby College. He has written extensively about ethics in government and has led ethics seminars for public officials across the country. He served as chair of the Maine Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices and was elected a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. A political scientist by training, Mackenzie has been a government professor and scholar for more than 30 years. He has written or edited 15 books, including a leading introductory American government text and several award-winning empirical studies of the national government. His latest book, The Liberal Hour: Washington and the Politics of Change in the 1960s (with Robert Weisbrot) was a finalist for the 2009 Pulitzer Prize in History.

The Politics of American Democracy: An Introduction
Conflict and Consensus in American Politics: An Introductory Discussion
Introduction: President Lawrence Summers Speaks His Mind
American Political Beliefs
Basic Values and Beliefs
Consensus, Conflict, and Apathy
The Theory of American Democracy
The Role of Politics
The Relationship Between the People and Their Government
Components of Democratic Government
Public Inputs
The Mechanism of Government
Outputs: Public Policy
Politics in Action: Illegal Immigration and American Democracy
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
The Constitution: A Framework for Conflict Resolution
Introduction: The Controversy over Same-Sex Marriages
The Founders' Constitution
The Revolutionary Background
The Articles of Confederation
The Constitutional Convention
Basic Compromises
Ratification
The Constitution: Democratic or Reactionary?
Enduring Ideas and Essential Tensions: Consensus and Conflict
Popular Sovereignty
Limited Government
Individual Rights
Separation of Powers
Federalism
Judicial Review
The Living Constitution
Amending the Constitution
Interpreting the Constitution
Politics in Action: Government and the Ten Commandments
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Federalism in Theory and in Practice
Introduction: Federalism: Consensus in Theory, Controversy in Practice
Federalism as a Political Issue
The Changing (Nature of American Federalism
National Supremacy Versus State Rights, 1787-1865
Redefining State and National Roles, 1865-1933
Expansion of the Federal Government, 1933-1968
From Grants-in-Aid to Mandates and Regulations, 1968-1994
Devolution Federalism, 1994-?
Federal-State-Local Relations: Power and Politics
National Regulation of States and Localities
Grants-in-Aid
State and Local Influences on National Policymaking
Grantsmanship
The Intergovernmental Lobby
Federalism in Action: Setting National Standards for Alcohol Consumption
Politics In Action: National Versus State Rights: Who's in Charge?
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Issues of Freedom, Equity, and Justice
Introduction: Flag Burning and Free Speech
Freedom of Speech
Protected Speech
Unprotected Speech
Symbolic Expression and Conduct
Religion and the Constitution
Establishment of Religion
Separation of Church and State
Accommodating Church and State
The Exercise of Religion
The Quest for Equality
The Extension of Voting Rights
Redistricting and Equal Representation
Ending Racial Discrimination
The Brown Decision
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
School Integration
Nonracial Discrimination
Minimal Versus Strict Scrutiny
The Exacting Scrutiny Test
Affirmative Action
Justice for All
Due Process of Law
Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
Government Interrogations
Grants of Immunity
Plea Bargaining
Limits on Police
The Miranda Warnings
Right to Counsel
Other Protections
The Supreme Court's 2005-2006 Term: Major Decisions
Politics in Action: Should the Death Penalty Be Abolished?
Summary
Key Terms
Key Constitutional Law Cases
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Political Socialization, Public Opinion, and Participation
Introduction: Social Security: The Public Takes a Stand
The Development of Political Orientations and Attitudes
Genetic Predispositions
The Socialization Process
Agents of Political Socialization
Political Belief Systems
Liberalism and Conservatism
Beliefs About Democratic Government
Public Opinion and Democratic Governance
Determining Public Opinion
The Hazards of Polling
Public Knowledge
Public Opinion and Political Participation
Politics in Action: Public Opinion and Operation Iraqi Freedom
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Political Interest Groups
Introduction: Lobbying for Firearms: The Power of the NRA
Individuals, Groups, and Society
The Origins and Evolution of Political Interest Groups
Theories of Group Formation
The Proliferation of Group Activities
Sources of Group influence
Electoral Activity
Lobbying
Types of Lobbying
Targets of Lobbying
Changes in Lobbying and Lobbyists
Regulation of Lobbying
Consequences of the Group Struggle
Politics in Action: The Struggle Between the Forces of Energy and the Environment
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Political Parties
Introduction: The Politicalization of the Christian Coalition
The Nature of American Political Parties
The Major Parties
Minor Parties
A Brief History of the Two-Party System
The Development of National Parties, 1789-1824
The Regionalization of Parties, 1828-1852
The Civil War and Its Aftermath, 1856-1892
The Republican Era, 1896-1928
The Roosevelt Realignment, 1932-1968
The Composition of the Major Parties Today
Party Organization
The National Level
The State Level
The Local Level
Parties and Elections
Primary Elections
Modern Campaigns
Parties and Governance
Determining the Party's Positions
Converting Positions into Public Policy
Partisan Influence on the Legislature
Partisan Influence on the Executive and the Judiciary
Politics in Action: Reforming the Nomination Process: The Democrats Try Again
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Campaigns and Elections
Introduction: Campaigns, Collusion, and Conscience: The Cases of Tom Delay and Joe Lieberman
Issues of Democratic Elections
Suffrage: Who Should Be Able to Vote?
How Should Elections Be Structured and Conducted?
Should Citizens Be Able to Spend as Much, They Desire in Politics, Campaigns?
The American Voter
Who Votes and Why?
Why Do People Vote in Certain Identifiable Ways?
Models of Decision Making
The Campaign for Office
The Presidential Nomination Process
The Presidential Election
Nonpresidential Nominations and Elections
Direct Democracy: Initiatives and Referenda
Assessing the Meaning of Elections
Contemporary Presidential Elections
The 2006 Midterm Elections
Congressional Elections
Elections and Governance
Politics in Action: Bush v. Gore-The Issues and Who Really Won
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Media and Politics
Introduction: News Coverage of the War in Iraq
The Role of the News Media
Democracy and a Free Press
Capitalism and a Fair Press
A Brief History of the News Media in America
Print Media: Newspapers
Electronic Media
Politics and the News Media
The News Slant
Manipulation of the News
The Effect of the Media on Electoral Politics
Government and the News Media
Coverage of the President
Coverage of Congress
Coverage of the Judiciary
The Effect of the News Media on People and Their Government
Politics in Action: Private Behavior and the Public Interest
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Congress
Introduction: President Bush Proposes a Faith-Based Initiative to a Republican Congress
The Institution of Congress
The Members of Congress
The Work Environment
The Organization of Congress
Congressional Parties
Party Politics in Congress
The Committee System
The Functions of Congress
Legislation
Representation
Administrative Oversight
Congressional Reform and Its Effect on American Democracy
Politics in Action: The Case of the Killed Crusader
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
The Presidency
Introduction: Gaining Power from Congress: The President's "Fast-track" Authority
The Powers of the Presidency
Constitutional Authority
The Evolution of Presidential Authority
Political Power
Going Public
The Institutional Presidency
The Executive Office of the President
Significant Others
The Personal Dimension
Physical Health
Character
Managerial Style
Cognition
Presidential Policymaking
Setting the Agenda
Getting It Enacted into Legislation
Implementing Policy in the Executive Branch
Politics in Action: Presidential Decision Making in Iraq: Which Bush Was Right?
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
The Federal Bureaucracy
Introduction: Harvey Pitt and the Security and Exchange Commission
The Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy
Types of Organizational Structures
Staffing the Bureaucracy
The Executive Bureaucracy in Perspective
Functions of the Executive Bureaucracy
Implementation
Policymaking
Determinants of Bureaucratic Influence
Problems of Performance and Accountability
Legal Controls
Legislative Checks
Press Scrutiny
Popular Participation
Reform
The Adequacy of Controls
Politics in Action: Why Is Smokey the Bear Crying?
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
The Judiciary
Introduction: The Supreme Court Decides and Divides: Should Cross Burning Be Allowed?
Judicial Federalism
Federal Courts
District Courts
Appellate Courts
State Courts
The Power of Judicial Review
Political Questions
Judicial Review and Political Influence
Judicial Activism Versus Self-Restraint
How Judges Are Chosen
Appointment of Supreme Court Justices
Packing the Court
The Supreme Court
The Court's Caseload
Deciding What to Decide
Hearing and Discussing Cases
Writing Opinions
The Politics of Judicial Policymaking
Politics in Action: The Case of the Unconfirmed Judge
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
Domestic Policy
Introduction: Making Public Policy: The Case of Prescription Drugs
Types of Policy
Impact-Based Classification
Stages of Policy Development
Problem Recognition
Policy Formulation and Adoption: Iron Triangles and Issue Networks
Policy Implementation
Policy Evaluation
Policy Reconsideration or Termination
Politics and the Policy Process
Incrementalism
Major Policy Shifts
Mixed Results
Education Policy
Education in America: An Overview
Education Policy in the 1980s and 1990s
Education Policy in the Twenty-First Century
Health and Social Welfare Policy
Social Welfare Programs: An Overview
Social Insurance
Unemployment Insurance
Public Assistance
The Politics of Social Welfare
Housing Policy
Housing Policy in the 1980s and 1990s
Housing in the Twenty-First Century
Environmental and Energy Policy
Clean Water
Clean Air
Energy Policy
Politics in Action: Where Do We Put Nuclear Waste?
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
International and National Security Policy
Introduction: Nuclear Proliferation and U.S. Foreign Policy
Foreign and Defense Policymaking
The Conflict-Consensus Quandary in National Security Policy
Foreign and National Security Policymakers
Personal Diplomacy and Summit Meetings
Treaties and Executive Agreements
Participation in International Organizations
Intelligence, Spying, and Covert Operations
Armed Forces and National Security
The Evolution of National Security Policy
The Cold War
Nuclear Deterrence
Foreign Economic and Military Aid
Alliances
Military Force
Postcommunism and the Era of Uncertainty
The Fading of Communism
The Fracturing of Nation-States
Economic Interdependence
Terrorism and the New Demands of National Security Policy
Politics in Action: To Intervene or Not: The Cases of Bosnia and Rwanda
Summary
Key Terms
Discussion Questions
Topics for Debate
Where on the Web?
Selected Readings
Notes
The Declaration of Independence
The Constitution of the United States of America
From The Federalist Nos. 10 and 51
Presidential Elections
Party Control of Congress, 1901-2006
United States Supreme Court Justices, 1789-2006
Glossary
Index