Becoming an Effective Policy Advocate From Policy Practice to Social Justice

ISBN-10: 0495006238

ISBN-13: 9780495006237

Edition: 5th 2008 (Revised)

Authors: Bruce S. Jansson

List price: $136.95
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Go beyond the ordinary, with Bruce Jansson's groundbreaking look at the ins-and-outs of conducting policy-practice. BECOMING AN EFFECTIVE POLICY ADVOCATE gives you hands-on experience building the skills that will empower you to implement policy reform as an effective social work practitioner Jansson includes case studies and examples that illustrate how and why policy is important as well as a toolbox of strategies to help you implement policy reform over the course of your own career. And to enhance your course experience, this text features access to ThomsonNOW, an integrated online suite of services and resources that will help you save time, focus your study, and get the grade you want!
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Book details

List price: $136.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 1/24/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 480
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.420
Language: English

Bruce S. Jansson is the author of Social Policy: From Theory to Political Practice, The Reluctant Welfare State,and many other books and articles on social policy and welfare. He teaches at the University of Southern California and lives in Los Angeles.

Becoming Motivated to Become a Policy Advocate and a Leader
Joining a Tradition of Social Reform
Diversity and Policy Advocacy
Advancing the Public Interest at Home and Abroad
Using an Ecological Perspective
What Policy Practitioners and Advocates Seek to Change
What Are Policy Practice and Policy Advocacy?
Challenges Encountered by Policy Advocates
Joining a Tradition of Policy Advocacy
Joining the Reform Tradition Within Social Work
Policy Devolution, Technology, Globalization, and Policy Advocacy
Becoming an Effective Policy Advocate
Developing a Vision
Seeking Opportunities for Policy Advocacy
Taking Sensible Risks
Balancing Flexibility with Planning
Being Appropriately Assertive
Developing Multiple Skills
Being Persistent
Tolerating Uncertainty
Becoming a Policy Advocate
Combining Pragmatism with Principles
The Rewards of Policy Advocacy
Changing the Composition of Decision Makers
Getting Started
Becoming Leaders
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Articulating Four Rationales for Participating in Policy Advocacy
The Ethical Rationale for Policy Advocacy
Beneficence and Professional Practice
Policy-Sensitive and Policy-Related Practice
Moving Toward Policy Advocacy
Policy Advocacy and Powerless Groups
Policy Advocacy for Vulnerable Populations
Other Ethical Principles in Policy Advocacy
Other Types of Ethical Reasoning
Toward an Eclectic Approach to Ethical Reasoning
Returning to Ideology
The Analytic Rationale for Policy Advocacy
Choosing Sides: Controversy and Research
The Political Rationale for Policy Advocacy
Interlocking Rationales for Policy Advocacy
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Surmounting Cynicism by Developing Policy-Advocacy Skills
Obtaining Skills and Competencies for Policy Advocacy
A Policy Practice Framework
The Policy Context
Perspectives of Stakeholders and Policy Advocates
Patterns of Participation
The Six Tasks of Policy Practitioners
Four Skills That Policy Practitioners Need
Policy Competencies
Styles of Policy Practice
Applications of Policy Tasks and Skills
Building Agendas
Analyzing Problems
Writing Proposals
Enacting Policy
Implementing Policy
Assessing Policy
Analyzing Policy Practice
Ballot-Based Advocacy
The Variety of Policies
Overcoming Discomfort with Power
Social Policy's Role in Ecological Frameworks
Policy Practice as a Unifying Theme
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
The Ecological of Policy in the United States and in a Global World
Understanding the Ecology of Policy in Governmental, Electoral, Community, and Agency Setting
The Players in Legislative and Governmental Setting
Elected Officials
Unelected Officials or Bureaucrats
Lobbyists and Interest Groups
Connections Among Interest Groups, Legislators, and Bureaucrats
Public Opinion
Advocacy Groups
The Electoral Process
Early Maneuvering
Running Campaigns
The Mindsets of Elected Officials
The Environment of Public Servants: Elected Officials
Shortcuts: Aides, Lobbyists, and Priorities
The Calculus of Choice
The Mindsets of Nonelected Officials
Political Appointees
Civil Servants
Strategy in Legislative Setting
Advocating for Resources
The Law and Social Policy
The Political Economy of Social Agencies
The Political of Programs and Social Work Units
Mapping Agencies' Policies
The Players in Organizational Setting
The Organizational Chart
Budget Priorities
Boundary Spanners and Mission Enhancers
Informal Relationships among Organizational Members
The Political Economy of Communities
Different Layers of Government and Policy
Maneuvering in a Multi-Layered Policy Ecology
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Expanding Policy Advocacy Across National Borders
Social Problems in an Interdependent World
Why Globalization Sometimes Harms Vulnerable Populations in the United States
Why an Economic Gap Developed Between Developing and Developed Nations
Why Globalization Sometimes Harms Vulnerable Persons in Developing Nations
Another Vulnerable Population: Migrants Within and Between Nations
Globalization's Impact on the Environment
Threats to Public Health
Creating a Mono-Culture?
The Great Caveat: Globalization's Positive Effects
Policy Advocacy for Populations Harmed by Globalization
Policy Options in the United States
Policy Options to Help Vulnerable Populations Abroad
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Committing to Problems and Solutions Through Building Agendas and Policy Analysis
Committing to an Issue: Building Agendas
Taking the First Step
Why Agenda Building Is Needed
Three Challenges in Agenda Building
The Diagnosing Stage
The Softening Stage
The Activating Stage
Framing and Finding Titles
Negotiating and Bargaining
Assembling Early Sponsors and Supporters
Media Coverage
Can Direct-Service Staff Help to Build Agendas?
Policy Advocacy for Powerless Populations and Unpopular Issues
Electoral Processes
Developing Links with Advocacy Groups
Using Multiple Skills in Agenda Building
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Analyzing Problems in the First Step of Policy Analysis
Putting It All Together: A Six-Step Policy Analysis Framework
A Six-Step Policy Analysis Framework
Do Policy Advocates Have to Analyze Problems?
Using a Flowchart to Analyze Some Social Problems in Step 1
Five Cells in a Flowchart Format in Step 1
Illustrating a Flow Chart with Welfare Reform
Analyzing the Causes of Social Problems in Step 1
Developing Interventions and Programs in Step 1
Developing Preventive Programs in Step 1
Measuring the Magnitude of Problems in Step 1
Locating Problems Spatially
Social Problems as Slippery Concepts
When Are Social Problems Real, and When Are They Invented?
Many Social Problems Defy Simple Solutions, But Many People Favor Panaceas
Priorities Are Not Chosen Rationally
Solving One Problem Can Create Others
Variations in Problems
Challenges for Policy Advocates
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Developing Policy Proposals in the Second, Third, and Fourth Steps of Policy Analysis
Returning to the Six-Step Policy Analysis Framework
Intersecting Arenas and Stakeholders
Identifying Recurring Policy Issues and Policy Options in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Establishing a Mission in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Designing the Structure of Service in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Planning the Extent of Devolution and the Resource Path in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Defining Services in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Rationing Scarce Resources in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Addressing Agency Network Issues in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Addressing Community Factors in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Guiding and Overseeing Policy Implementation in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Assessing Implemented Policies in Steps 2, 3, and 4
An Overview of the Proposal to Fund Shelters for Battered Women
The Anatomy of Policy Proposals
Trade-Offs: Systematically Comparing Policy Options in Step 3
Identifying Options in Step 2
Selecting and Weighing Criteria in Step 3
Creating a Decision-Making Matrix in Step 3
Qualitative Rankings
Using Different Policy Skills in Tandem in Steps 2, 3, and 4
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Presenting and Defending Policy Proposals
Ideology and Policy Positions
Proposals and Ideology
Electoral Politics and Proposals
Combative Persuasion
Adversarial Debates
Coercive Messages
Negotiations: Hardball and Win-Win Options
Adversarial or Friendly Communication: Which Is Preferable?
Persuading Specific Audiences
Determining Objectives
Diagnosing Audiences
Strategies of Persuasion
Selecting a Medium
Using a Sequence of Presentations
Selecting a Format
Developing an Effective Presentation Style
Tactics for Specific Audiences
Other Tactical Choices
Assembling a Strategy
The Hostile Audience
The Sympathetic Audience with Some Hostile Members
The Expert Audience
Interpersonal Discussions
Gaining Support for Grant Proposals
Writing an Imaginative Title
Giving a Compelling Rationale
Drawing on Research Findings
Setting Clear Objectives
Including an Evaluation Component
Demonstrating Feasibility
Establishing Partnerships
Demonstrating Support
Developing a Realistic Budget
Finding Funders
Revising the Proposal
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Advocating for Change
Developing and Using Power
In Defense of Politics
Analytic and Political Approaches to Policy Advocacy
The Nature of Power
Person-to-Person Power
Power Resources that Stem from Policy Maneuvering
Substantive Power
Power in Decision-Making Procedures
Process Power
Shaping Contexts Including Use of the Internet
Successful Power Users
Power in Organizations
Discretion, Compliance, and Whistle-Blowing
Defining Zones of Discretion
Issues of Compliance
Power Differentials
Ethical Issues
Developing and Using Power in Situations Where Advocates Are Disadvantaged as Compared to More Powerful Players
Obtaining Power Resources
Building Personal Credibility
Power Challenges Encountered by Members of Vulnerable Populations
Developing Assertiveness
Can Direct-Service Staff Use Power Resources?
Returning to New Orleans
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Developing Political Strategy
Establishing Some Objectives
Determining a Position
Selecting the Extent of Policy Changes
Selecting a Time Frame
Grounding Strategy in Current Realities
The Power Distribution
Identifying Contextual Factors
Past Stances
Vested Interests
Cohesion of Likely Opponents and Proponents
Situational Realities
Adapting Strategy to the Setting
Developing Alternative Scenarios
Selecting a Strategy
Revising the Strategy
Seven Recurring Steps in Strategy
Organizing a Team or Coalition
Establishing Policy Goals
Specifying a Proposal's Content and Getting Early Sponsors
Establishing a Style
Selecting Power Resources and Framing Strategy
Implementing Strategy
Revising the Strategy
A Policy Advocacy Challenge: How to Block Ill-Advised Policy Proposals
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Putting Political Strategy Into Action
Strategy in Legislative Settings
Organizing Legislative Advocacy Projects
Organizing a Team or Coalition
Establishing Policy Goals in a Legislative Context
Writing a Policy Brief: Specifying a Proposal's Content and Getting Early Sponsors
Establishing a Style
Selecting Power Resources and Framing Strategy
Implementing Strategy
Revising the Strategy
Strategy in Agency Settings
Organizing a Team or Coalition
Establishing Policy Goals in the Organizational Context
Specifying a Proposal's Content
Establishing a Style
Selecting Power Resources and Framing Strategy
Revising the Strategy
Developing Strategy in Community Settings
Establishing Policy Goals in the Community Context
Specifying a Proposal's Content
Establishing a Style
Selecting Power Resources and Framing Strategy
Revising the Strategy
A Primer on Task Groups
Policy Advocates' Roles in Task Groups
What Successful Task Groups Need
The Task Group's Mission
The Task Group's Leadership
The Task Group's Developmental Needs
The Task Group's Procedures
The Task Group's Structure
The Task Group's Deliberative and Interactional Processes
The Task Group's Staff and Resources
Forming Coalitions
Establishing Networks
Addressing Dysfunctional Group Processes
An Advocacy Campaign in Sacramento, California
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Engaging in Ballot-Based Policy Advocacy
Why Ballot-Based Policy Advocacy Is Important
Policy Advocacy in the Electoral Process
Developing Population Profiles
Using Power Resources to Persuade Voters
Using One-on-One Power Resources
Using the Media
Interacting with Opposing Candidates in Public Forums
Developing Positions on Issues and Demonstrating Positive Personal Qualities
Conducting Negative Attacks on Opponents
Getting Out the Vote
Securing Endorsements
Convincing Other Potential Candidates Not to Run
Gaining Support from Party, Trade Unions, and Other Groups
Finding Resources
Creating a Campaign Organization
Developing Campaign Strategy
Strategy Options at the Outset of a Campaign
Strategy During the Mid-Phase of a Campaign
Conducting Issue-Oriented Campaigns
Making Issue Campaigns and Electoral Politics Intersect
Participating in Electoral and Issue-Oriented Campaigns
Deciding to Run for Office
Selecting Other Public-Service Positions
Why Social Policy Often Hinges on Elections
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Troubleshooting and Assessing Policies
Troubleshooting and Assessing Implemented Policies
A Framework for Implementing Policy
The Context of Implementation
Policy Innovations or Major New Initiatives
Oversight Organizations and Staff
Primary Implementing Organizations
Interorganizational Processes
Diagnosing Implementing Processes
Actual Outputs: The Evaluation of Implemented Policies (Policy Assessment)
Reforming the Implementation Process
Do Policy Advocates Ever Sabotage Policies?
Case Study of Implementation
Two Examples of Implementation Projects in New Orleans Post-Hurricane Katrina
Policy Assessment
Chapter Summary: What You Can Now Do
Suggested Readings
Name Index
Subject Index
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