Sociology A Global Perspective

ISBN-10: 0495005614

ISBN-13: 9780495005612

Edition: 6th 2006

Authors: Joan Ferrante

List price: $114.95
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Description:

This comprehensive, thought-provoking text is the only one on the market that truly emphasizes global and cross-cultural issues as its core strength throughout each chapter. What better way to introduce your students to sociological concepts and applications than by invoking and instilling global issues. This text is the leader in the global perspective segment of the introduction to sociology market. Eleven of the sixteen chapters incorporate an example highlighting important and long-standing interconnections between the United States and some other country or countries. Five chapters highlight interconnections across national borders but in a more general way. Such extended examples mean that the core sociological concepts and theories are not presented in an encyclopedia-like way. Rather, the example becomes the vehicle for weaving together and applying key concepts and theories to issues confronting the United States and the world.
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Book details

List price: $114.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/19/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 672
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.816
Language: English

Joan Ferrante is a professor of sociology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU) as well as project director of the Campus Connect Student Philanthropy Project, which awards grants primarily to Kentucky and Ohio colleges and universities to support the integration of student philanthropy projects with academic coursework. In addition, Dr. Ferrante sponsors a Study Abroad Scholarship at NKU called "Beyond the Classroom." Open to any student who has used her introductory text (new or used), the scholarship annually awards funds to five students to support their studies outside the United States. Respected among instructors and students alike, Dr. Ferrante also is the author of SOCIOLOGY: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE, 9th Edition and co-editor of THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE UNITED STATES. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati.

Preface
The Sociological Imagination
U.S. Marriage Statistics
What Do Sociologists Study?
Society and Social Interaction
Social Facts
The Sociological Consciousness
The Power of Social Facts: Facial and Body Hair on Women
Distinguishing Troubles from Issues
The Sociological Imagination
The Industrial Revolution and the Emergence of Sociology
The Nature of Work
The Nature of Interaction
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Emile Durkheim (1858-1918)
Max Weber (1864-1920)
Countries with the Highest and Lowest Suicide Rates (per 100,000)
How the Discipline of Sociology Evolves
Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)
W. E. B. DuBois (1868-1963)
Classical Thinkers, Contemporary Applications
The Importance of a Global Perspective
Why Study Sociology?
U.S. in Perspective Top 20 Highest-Grossing Films, 2003
This Book's Structure
Resources on the Internet
Theoretical Perspectives and Methods of Social Research: With Emphasis on Mexico
The Functionalist Perspective
Critique of Functionalism
Merton's Concepts
The Functionalist Perspective on U.S. Manufacturing Operations in Mexico
U.S. in Perspective: Frequently Asked Questions About Colonias in the United States
Apparel Manufacturers' Closings in Kentucky, 1993-February 2004
The Conflict Perspective
Global Implications: Hourly Wage Estimate for Apparel Workers in the United States and Selected Countries
Critique of Conflict Theory
The Conflict Perspective on U.S. Manufacturing Operations in Mexico
Student Voices: U.S. Jobs Move to Mexico
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
U.S. in Perspective: Border Activity
Critique of Symbolic Interaction
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective on U.S. Manufacturing Operations in Mexico
Research Methods
Defining the Topic for Investigation
Reviewing the Literature
Identifying and Defining Core Concepts
Choosing a Research Design and Data-Gathering Strategies
Sample Questions from the General Electric Plant Closing Survey
U.S. in Perspective: Salary Comparisons: India versus the United States for Selected Occupations
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Investing in Employees Yields Profits
Analyzing the Data and Drawing Conclusions
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Culture: With Emphasis on North and South Korea
Two American Lives
The Challenge of Defining Culture
Material and Nonmaterial Components
Beliefs
Values
Norms
U.S. in Perspective: Group Study, Cheating, and the Korean Foreign Student Experience
The Role of Geographic and Historical Forces
The Transmission of Culture
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs Protecting Masterpieces of Human Creative Genius
The Role of Language
U.S. in Perspective Oil Consumption in Three Countries
The Importance of Individual Experiences
Global Implications Top 20 Lands with Most Jehovah's Witnesses (Publishers), 1998
Culture as a Tool for the Problems of Living
Cultural Formulas for Hunger
Cultural Formulas for Social Emotions
Cultural Diffusion
The Home Culture as the Standard
Student Voices Adjusting to Life in the United States
Ethnocentrism
Forced Culture Change of Native Americans by Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools
Cultural Relativism
Subcultures
U.S. in Perspective Military Size and Spending in the United States and the Koreas
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Socialization: With Emphasis on Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza
Coming to Terms: The Palestinians and the Israelis
The Jewish Population of the World
Global Implications A Web of Interconnections
U.S. in Perspective Palestinian Migration Out of Palestine
Nature and Nurture
The Importance of Social Contact
Cases of Extreme Isolation
Children of the Holocaust
Cases of Less Extreme Isolation
Individual and Collective Memory
The Role of Groups
Primary Groups
Ingroups and Outgroups
Suicide: The Severing of Relationships to the Group
Student Voices Motives to Display or Not Display the U.S. Flag After September 11, 2001
Symbolic Interaction and Self-Development
The Emergence of Self-Awareness
Role Taking
The Looking-Glass Self
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs Learning to Invest in the Community
Cognitive Development
Resocialization
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Social Interaction and the Social Construction of Reality: With Emphasis on the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Context of Social Interaction
Intimate Interactions and HIV/AIDS
Mechanical Solidarity
Global Implications Roots of Global Interdependence
Organic Solidarity
Disruptions to the Division of Labor in the Congo
Belgian Imperialism (1883-1960)
Independence of Zaire (1960-Present)
Division of Labor Disruptions and HIV/AIDS
The Content of Social Interaction
Social Status
Social Roles
The Connection Between Social Status and Roles
The Dramaturgical Model of Social Interaction
Impression Management
Examples of Screening Questions Asked of Potential Blood Donors
Staging Behavior
Student Voices: Front-Stage Versus Back-Stage Behavior
The Blood Services Industry
U.S. in Perspective: Imports and Exports of Blood and Blood Products
Attribution Theory
Attribution Theory and the Origins of HIV
Determining Who Is HIV-Infected
Research Decisions About Labeling and Categorizing HIV Risk
Television: A Special Case of Reality Construction
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Uganda, a Success Story in Addressing HIV and AIDS
The Case of Dr. Margrethe Rask
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Social Organizations: With Emphasis on McDonald's, a U.S.-Based Multinational Corporation with Operations in 119 Countries
U.S. in Perspective: McDonald's: Profile of a Multinational Corporation Headquartered in the United States
Organizations
The Multinational Corporation: Agent of Colonialism or Progress?
How Did McDonald's Become a Global Corporation?
Global Implications: The Top 10 Global Corporations and Their Size Relative to the Economies of the World
Features of Modern Organization
Rationalization as a Tool in Modern Organizations
Focus on Social Enterpreneurs: Margie Eugene Richard Takes on Shell Chemical
Poultry Products and the Consumer
The McDonaldization of Society
The Concept of Bureaucracy
Factors That Influence Behavior in Organizations
Formal Versus Informal Dimensions of Organizations
Trained Incapacity
Statistical Records of Performance
Student Voices Statistical Measures of Performance
Obstacles to Good Decision Making
Expert Knowledge and Responsibility
McDonald's at a Glance
The Problems with Oligarchy
Alienation of Rank-and-File Workers
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Deviance, Conformity, and Social Control: With Emphasis on the People's Republic of China
The Role of Context in Defining Deviance
Definitions of Deviance During the Cultural Revolution
The Shifting Context and Changing Definitions of Deviance
Deviance: The Violation of Norms
U.S./China Trade Deficit, Selected Years
The Communist Party in China
Preschool Socialization as a Means of Social Control
Reaction of Socialization of Another Culture
Mechanisms of Social Control
Global Implications: Sentenced Prisoners in the United States and Selected Nations
The Loosening of Social Control in China
Defining Deviance
Labeling Theory
The Circumstances of the Falsely Accused
Student Voices: On Being Falsely Accused or Self-Labeled as a Secret Deviant
Rule Makers and Rule Enforcers
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Changing the Fate of the Falsely Accused on Death Row
Obedience to Authority
The Constructionist Approach
U.S. in Perspective The Presumption of Innocence
Claims Makers
U.S. Human Rights Record in 2003-China as Claims Maker
Structural Strain Theory
Structural Strain in the United States
Structural Strain in China
U.S. Human Rights Report: Population Control Strategies in China
Differential Association Theory
Factors That Shape U.S. and Chinese Systems of Social Control
The Problems of Governing More Than 1.3 Billion People
Theories of Deviance and Conformity
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Social Stratification: With Emphasis on the World's Richest and Poorest Peoples
U.S. in Perspective: Where Do the World's Wealthiest and Poorest People Live?
Place and Social Stratification
Global Implications: Number of Deaths in the First Year of Life per 1,000 Live Births by Race and Ethnic Category
Social Stratification Within Countries
Social Categories
"Open" and "Closed" Stratification Systems
Caste Systems
Class Systems
Poverty Dynamics in the United States
Does the United States Have a Class System?
Mixed Systems: Class and Caste
Theories of Stratification
A Functionalist View of Stratification
Critique of the Functionalist Perspective
The Functions of Poverty
Colonialism and Neocolonialism
World System Theory
Global Implications: Number of Cell Phones per 1,000 Population: United States and Selected Countries in Africa and Europe
Core Economies
Peripheral Economies
Semiperipheral Economies
Analyses of Social Class
Karl Marx and Social Class
Student Voices: Situations Where Differences in Social Class Seem Evident
Karl Marx: Contemporary Applications
Max Weber and Social Class
Max Weber: Contemporary Applications
Summary & Implications
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Responsible Wealth
Resources on the Internet
Race and Ethnic Classification: With Emphasis on the Peopling of the United States (A Global Story)
The U.S. System of Racial Classification
The Shortcomings of Assigning People to Clear-Cut Racial Categories
Potential Single and Multiple Race Categories for the 2000 Census
Other Shortcomings Associated with the U.S. System of Racial Classification
The U.S. System of Ethnic Classification
Chance, Context, and Choice
Race as a Product of Chance, Context, and Choice
Ethnicity as a Product of Chance, Context, and Choice
Are People of Arab and Middle Eastern Descent "White"?
The Foreign-Born Population
Highlights from the U.S. Bureau of the Census 2000 Brief: The Arab Population
Global Implications: Ethnic Category: "Middle Eastern," "Arab," or Neither?
U.S. in Perspective Foreign-Born by Region of Birth, 2000
Global Implications: Immigrants to the United States Since 1820: Top 10 Countries of Origin
The Role of Race and Ethnicity in Immigration Policy
The Long-Standing Debate Over Immigration
The Consequences of Racial and Ethnic Classification
Minority Groups
Perspectives on Assimilation
Racist Ideologies
Prejudice and Stereotyping
White Men Can Jump
Discrimination
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: The Underground Railroad in American History and Culture
Institutionalized Discrimination
Social Identity and Stigma
Cases of Institutionalized Discrimination Handled by the U.S. Department of Justice
Student Voices: When Does Race Matter?
Responses to Stigmatization
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Gender: With Emphasis on American Samoa
Distinguishing Sex and Gender
Sex as a Biological Concept
Margaret Mead in American Samoa
Gender as a Social Construct
Gender Polarization
Student Voices: Penalties and Privileges Associated with Being Male and Female
Social Emotions and the Mead-Freeman Controversy
Student Voices: Feeling Rules and Same-Sex Friends
Compliance and Resistance to Gender Polarization
Compliance and Resistance to Gender Polarization
A Third Gender?
Global Implications: Hand-holding as an Expression of Affection (Not Homosexuality) Between Same-Sex Friends
Mechanisms of Perpetuating Gender Ideals
Socialization
Socialization of American Samoan Boys to Be Football Players
Commercialization of Gender Ideals
Creating "New Products" That Consumers Need to Buy
Women's Earnings as a Percentage of Men's Earnings, 1951-2002
Situational Constraints on Mead and Freeman
Sexist Ideology
Gender Polarization and Body Language
Gender, Ethnicity, Race, and the State
Ideology Supporting Department of Defense's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Policy
U.S. in Perspective: Disabled Male Veterans
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Making Loans to the World's Poorest Women
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Economics and Politics: With Emphasis on Iraq
The Economy
Agricultural Revolutions
The Industrial Revolution
The Post-industrial Society and the Information Revolution
Major Economic Systems
Capitalism
Socialism
World System Theory
Core Economies
Student Voices: Proposed Personal Efforts to Reduce Reliance on Oil
Peripheral Economies
Semiperipheral Economies
Iraq: A Peripheral Economy
An Oil-Revenue-Dependent Economy
Crude Oil Prices in 2003 Dollars
The World's Most Heavily Indebted Country
The United States: A Core Economy
A Strong Tertiary Sector
Dominance of U.S.-Headquartered Global Corporations in the World Economy
U.S. in Perspective: Imports from the United States to Countries Around the World
Decline in Union Membership
Flexible Work Schedules
Computer and Information Technology
An Oil- and Mineral-Dependent Economy
Government and Consumer Debt
Political Systems and Power
Forms of Government
Democracy
Totalitarianism
Authoritarianism
Theocracy
Power Elite Model
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani
Jubilee: A Special-Interest Group Dedicated to Supporting Economic Justice Campaigns Worldwide
Pluralist Model
Is the United States an Imperialist Power?
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Family and Aging: With Emphasis on Japan
Defining Family
Kinship
Membership Characteristics
Legal Recognition
U.S. in Perspective: Selected Indicators of Family Structure, Composition, and Well-Being: Japan and the United States, 2000
Social Functions
Conflict View of Family Life
Global Implications: Highest and Lowest Total Fertility Rates: Nations and 50 States
Productive and Reproductive Work
Social Inequality Within the Society
Racial Divisions and Boundaries
The Changing Family in the United States
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Dismantling a Big Lie
The Division of Labor and the Rise of the Breadwinner System
The Decline of the Breadwinner System
Declines in Total Fertility
Increased Life Expectancy
Increased Divorce Rates
Increased Employment Opportunities for Women
Student Voices: Responses to the Conflicts Between Careers and Family
The Changing Family in Japan
The Fall of the ie Family System and the Rise of the Breadwinner System
The Decline of Arranged Marriages
The Rise of the "Parasite Single" and the "New Single Concept"
Entrenched Barriers to Employment
Common Themes to the Century of Change
Economic Arrangements and Their Effect on Productive and Reproductive Labor
U.S. in Perspective: Women in Managerial Positions and National-Level Elected Offices
U.S. in Perspective: Going Back to Japan After Living Three Years in the United States
Parental Authority
Status of Children
The Economic Role of Children in Labor-Intensive Environments
The Consequences of Long Life
The Elderly and Their Caregivers in the United States
The Elderly and Their Caregivers in Japan
Summary & Implications
Resources on the Internet
Population and Urbanization: With Emphasis on India
U.S. in Perspective: The World's 10 Most Populous Countries, 2003
The Study of Population
Births
Global Implications: Key Demographic Indicators for the United States, India, and the World
Deaths
Age-Sex Composition
U.S. in Perspective Population Pyramid Summary for India and the United States
Sex Ratios by State in India, 2001
Migration
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: International Remittances
Population Growth
Percentage of Persons Born in Their State of Residence, 2000
Student Voices: Internal Migration Within the Last Three Years
The Theory of Demographic Transition
High Birth and Death Rates
The Transition Stage
Low Death Rates and Declining Birth Rates
Industrialization: An Uneven Experience
The Demographic Transition in India
Relative Birth and Death Rates
U.S. in Perspective: Demographic Differences Between Labor-Intensive Poor Countries and Core Economies
Urbanization in India
The Village Community in India
The Urban Versus Non-urban Experience in the United States
Bhopal
Housing Characteristics for Central Cities, Suburbs, and Nonmetropolitan Areas
Summary & Implications
Global Implications: Annual Estimate of Births, Deaths, and Natural Increase for the World, India, and the United States
Resources on the Internet
Education: With Emphasis on the European Union
What Is Education?
Social Functions of Education
Illiteracy in the United States and EU Countries
Global Implications: Top 20 Countries Sending Students to the United States and Top 25 Destinations for U.S. Students Who Study Abroad
Historical Factors Shaping the U.S. System of Public Education
The Development of Mass Education
Textbooks Modeled After Catechisms
Single-Language Instruction
Characteristics of U.S. Education Relative to EU Countries
The Availability of College
Compulsory Foreign Language Education
Differences in Curriculum
Differences in Funding
Education-Based Programs to Solve Social Problems
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Universities Learn the Value of Neighborliness
Ambiguity of Purpose and Value
A Close-Up View: The Classroom Environment
The Curriculum
Tracking
Student Voices: The Relevance of Jules Henry 40 Years Later
U.S. in Perspective The Content of Math Lessons: Germany, the United States, and Japan
Teachers' Expectations and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
An American English-Language Assistant in a French Vocational School
Problems Faced by Teachers
Global Implications: Calculated Contact Time in Hours per Academic Year for Upper Secondary Education Teachers in EU Countries and the United States
The Social Context of American Education
Family Background
Adolescent Subcultures
Literacy Scores by Highest Educational Level of Either Parent: Selected EU Countries
Interviews with EU Students Studying in the United States
Summary & Implications
Students' Multiple Worlds Model and Typology
Resources on the Internet
Religion: With Emphasis on the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
What Is Religion? Weber's and Durkheim's Views
Beliefs About the Sacred
Beliefs About the Profane
Sacramental, Prophetic, and Mystical Religions
Rituals
Community of Worshipers
Global Implications: The World's Major Non-Christian Religions
A Critique of Durkheim's Definition of Religion
Civil Religion
The Cold War
Americans and Muslims as Cold War Partners
The Historical Context of Afghanistan
Gulf War I
Afghanistan, Iraq, and the War on Terrorism
The Functionalist Perspective
U.S. in Perspective: Freedom of Religious Expression in U.S. Prisons
Society as the Object of Worship
A Critique of the Functionalist Perspective of Religion
Student Voices: Portraits of Jesus
The Conflict Perspective
A Critique of the Conflict Perspective of Religion
Max Weber: The Interplay Between Economics and Religion
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
Two Opposing Trends: Secularization and Fundamentalism
Secularization
Fundamentalism
Jihad and Militant Islam
Summary & Implications
9/11 Commission Recommendations to Prevent Continued Growth of Islamist Terrorism
Resources on the Internet
Social Change: With Emphasis on Global Interdependence
Globalization
What Is Social Change?
Student Voices: Examples of Global Interdependence and Its Effects
Causes and Consequences of Social Change
Innovations
Global Interdependence: Essential Features
Basic and Improving Innovations
Global Implications: International Tourism
Innovations and the Information Explosion
Changes in the Ways People Relate to Information
The Cultural Base and the Rate of Change
Cultural Lag
Revolutionary Ideas
Conflict
U.S. in Perspective: Project BioShield as a Response to September 11 and the Broader War on Terrorism
The Cold War Origin of the Internet
The Pursuit of Profit
Focus on Social Entrepreneurs: Change Agents
World System Theory
Responses to Economic Stagnation
Social Movements
Types of Social Movements
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