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Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules Basic Principles and Issues

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ISBN-10: 0471597880

ISBN-13: 9780471597889

Edition: 1st 1994

Authors: S. F. Sun

List price: $110.00
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Book details

List price: $110.00
Edition: 1st
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/21/1994
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 496
Size: 6.32" wide x 9.59" long x 1.31" tall
Weight: 1.826
Language: English

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Introduction
Colloids
Macromolecules
Synthetic Polymers
Biological Polymers
Macromolecular Science
References
Syntheses of Macromolecular Compounds
Radical Polymerization
Complications
Methods of Free-Radical Polymerization
Some Well-Known Overall Reactions of Addition Polymers
Ionic Polymerization
Anionic Polymerization
Cationic Polymerization
Living Polymers
Coordination Polymerization
Stepwise Polymerization
Kinetics of the Syntheses of Polymers
Condensation Reactions
Chain Reactions
Polypeptide Synthesis
Synthesis of Insulin
Synthesis of Ribonucleus
DNA Synthesis
References
Problems
Distribution of Molecular Weight
Review of Mathematical Statistics
Binomial Distribution
Poisson Distribution
Gaussian Distribution
One-Parameter Equation
Condensation Polymers
Addition Polymers
Two-Parameter Equations
Normal Distribution
Logarithm Normal Distribution
Types of Molecular Weight
Experimental Methods for Determining Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distribution
References
Problems
Macromolecular Thermodynamics
Review of Thermodynamics
[Delta]S of Mixing: Flory Theory
[Delta]H of Mixing
Cohesive Energy Density
Contact Energy (First-Neighbor Interaction or Energy Due to Contact)
[Delta]G of Mixing
Partial Molar Quantities
Partial Specific Volume
Chemical Potential
Thermodynamics of Dilute Polymer Solutions
Vapor Pressure
Phase Equilibrium
Thermodynamics and Critical Phenomena
References
Problems
Chain Configurations
Preliminary Descriptions of a Polymer Chain
Random Walk and the Markov Process
Random Walk
Markov Chain
Random-Flight Chains
Wormlike Chains
Flory's Mean-Field Theory
Perturbation Theory
First-Order Perturbation Theory
Cluster Expansion Method
Chain Crossover and Chain Entanglement
Concentration Effect
Temperature Effect
Tube Theory (Reptation Theory)
Images of Individual Polymer Chains
Scaling and Universality
Scaling Concepts
Correlation Function
References
Problems
Liquid Crystals
Mesogens
Polymeric Liquid Crystals
Low-Molecular Weight Liquid Crystals
Main-Chain Liquid-Crystalline Polymers
Side-Chain Liquid-Crystalline Polymers
Segmented-Chain Liquid-Crystalline Polymers
Shapes of Mesogens
Liquid-Crystal Phases
Mesophases in General
Nematic Phase
Smectic Phase
Compounds Representing Some Mesophases
Shape and Phase
Decreasing Order and [Delta]H of Phase Transition
Thermotropic and Lyotropic Liquid Crystals
Kerr Effect
Theories of Liquid-Crystalline Ordering
Rigid-Rod Model
Lattice Model
De Genne's Fluctuation Theory
Current Industrial Applications of Liquid Crystals
Liquid Crystals Displays
Electronic Devices
References
Rubber Elasticity
Rubber and Rubberlike Materials
Network Structure
Natural Rubber and Synthetic Rubber
Thermodynamics of Rubber
Statistical Theory of Rubber Elasticity
Gels
References
Problems
Viscosity and Viscoelasticity
Viscosity
Capillary Viscometers
Intrinsic Viscosity
Treatment of Intrinsic Viscosity Data
Stokes' Law
Theories in Relation to Intrinsic Viscosity of Flexible Chains
Chain Entanglement
Biological Polymers (Rigid Polymers, Inflexible Chains)
Viscoelasticity
Rouse Theory
Zimm Theory
References
Problems
Osmotic Pressure
Osmometers
Determination of Molecular Weight and Second Virial Coefficient
Theories of Osmotic Pressure and Osmotic Second Virial Coefficient
McMillan-Mayer Theory
Flory Theory
Flory-Krigbaum Theory
Kurata-Yamakawa Theory
des Cloizeaux-de Gennes Scaling Theory
Scatchard's Equation for Macro Ions
Ensembles
Partition Functions
Mean-Field Theory and Renormalization Group Theory
Lagrangian Theory
Green's Function
References
Problems
Diffusion
Translational Diffusion
Fick's First and Second Laws
Solution to Continuity Equation
Physical Interpretation of Diffusion: Einstein's Equation of Diffusion
Size, Shape, and Molecular Weight Determinations
Size
Shape
Molecular Weight
Concentration Dependence of Diffusion Coefficient
Scaling Relation for Translational Diffusion Coefficient
Measurements of Translational Diffusion Coefficient
Measurement Based on Fick's First Law
Measurement Based on Fick's Second Law
Rotational Diffusion
Flow Birefringence
Fluorescence Depolarization
References
Problems
Sedimentation
Apparatus
Sedimentation Velocity
Measurement of Sedimentation Coefficients: Moving-Boundary Method
Svedberg Equation
Application of Sedimentation Coefficient
Sedimentation Equilibrium
Archibald Method
Van Holde-Baldwin (Low-Speed) Method
Yphantis (High-Speed) Method
Absorption System
Density Gradient Sedimentation Equilibrium
Scaling Theory
References
Problems
Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Circular Dichroism
Polarized Light
Optical Rotatory Dispersion
Circular Dichroism
Cotton Effect
Correlation Between ORD and CD
Comparison of ORD and CD
References
Problems
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Electrophoresis
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
Chromatographic Terms and Parameters
Theory of Chromatography
Types of HPLC
Electrophoresis
Basic Theory
General Techniques of Modern Electrophoresis
Agarose Gel Electrophoresis and Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Southern Blot, Northern Blot, and Western Blot
Sequencing DNA Fragments
Isoelectric Focusing and Isotachophoresis
Field-Flow Fractionation
References
Problems
Light Scattering
Rayleigh Scattering
Fluctuation Theory (Debye)
Determination of Molecular Weight and Molecular Interaction
Two-Component Systems
Multicomponent Systems
Copolymers
Correction of Anisotropy and Deporalization of Scattered Light
Internal Interference
Determination of Molecular Weight and Radius of Gyration of the Zimm Plot
Experimental Techniques of the Zimm Plot
References
Problems
Fourier Series
Preliminaries
Fourier Series
Basic Fourier Series
Fourier Sine Series
Fourier Cosine Series
Complex Fourier Series
Other Forms of Fourier Series
Conversion of Infinite Series into Integrals
Fourier Integrals
Fourier Transforms
Fourier Transform Pairs
Convolution
Definition
Convolution Theorem
Convolution and Fourier Theory: Power Theorem
Extension of Fourier Series and Fourier Transform
Lorentz Line Shape
Correlation Function
Discrete Fourier Transform
Discrete and Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform
Application of DFT
Fast Fourier Transform
Appendix
References
Problems
Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering, Neutron Scattering, and Laser Light Scattering
Small-Angle X-ray Scattering
Apparatus
Guinier Plot
Correlation Function
On Size and Shape of Proteins
Small-Angle Neutron Scattering
Six Types of Neutron Scattering
Theory
Dynamics of a Polymer Solution
Coherently Elastic Neutron Scattering
Comparison of Small-Angle Neutron Scattering with Light Scattering
Contrast Factor
Lorentzian Shape
Neutron Spectroscopy
Laser Light Scattering
Laser Light-Scattering Experiment
Autocorrelation and Power Spectrum
Measurement of Diffusion Coefficient in General
Application to Study of Polymers in Semidilute Solutions
References
Problems
Electronic and Infrared Spectroscopy
Ultraviolet (and Visible) Absorption Spectra
Lambert-Beer Law
Terminology
Synthetic Polymers
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Fluorescence Phenomena
Emission and Excitation Spectra
Quenching
Energy Transfer
Polarization and Depolarization
Infrared Spectroscopy
Basic Theory
Absorption Bands: Stretching and Bending
Infrared Spectroscopy of Synthetic Polymers
Biological Polymers
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
References
Problems
Protein Molecules
Protein Sequence and Structure
Sequence
Secondary Structure
Tertiary Structure
Quarternary Structure
Protein Structure Representations
Representation Symbols
Representations of Whole Molecule
Protein Folding and Refolding
Computer Simulation
Homolog Modeling
De Novo Prediction
Protein Misfolding
Biological Factor: Chaperones
Chemical Factor: Intra- and Intermolecular Interactions
Brain Diseases
Genomics, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics
Ribosomes: Site and Function of Protein Synthesis
References
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
General Principles
Magnetic Field and Magnetic Moment
Magnetic Properties of Nuclei
Resonance
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Chemical Shift ([delta]) and Spin-Spin Coupling Constant (J)
Relaxation Processes
Spin-Lattice Relaxation and Spin-Spin Relaxation
Nuclear Quadrupole Relaxation and Overhauser Effect
NMR Spectroscopy
Pulse Fourier Transform Method
One-Dimensional NMR
Two-Dimensional NMR
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
NMR Spectra of Macromolecules
Poly(methyl methacrylate)
Polypropylene
Deuterium NMR Spectra of Chain Mobility in Polyethylene
Two-Dimensional NMR Spectra of Poly-[gamma]-benzyl-L-glutamate
Advances in NMR Since 1994
Apparatus
Techniques
Two Examples of Protein NMR
A Membrane Protein
A Brain Protein: Prion
References
Problems
X-Ray Crystallography
X-Ray Diffraction
Crystals
Miller Indices, hkl
Unit Cells or Crystal Systems
Crystal Drawing
Symmetry in Crystals
Bravais Lattices
Point Group and Space Group
Fourier Synthesis
Atomic Scattering Factor
Structure Factor
Fourier Synthesis of Electron Density
Phase Problem
Patterson Synthesis
Direct Method (Karle-Hauptmann Approach)
Refinement
Crystal Structure of Macromolecules
Synthetic Polymers
Proteins
DNA
Advances in X-Ray Crystallography Since 1994
X-Ray Sources
New Instruments
Structures of Proteins
Protein Examples: Polymerse and Anthrax
Neutron Diffraction
References
Problems
Author Index
Subject Index