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Astronomy The Evolving Universe

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ISBN-10: 0471597392

ISBN-13: 9780471597391

Edition: 7th 1994

Authors: Michael Zeilik

List price: $55.95
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The ninth edition of this successful textbook describes the full range of the astronomical universe and how astronomers think about the cosmos.
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Book details

List price: $55.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/27/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 608
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.750
Language: English

Concept Clusters
How to Study Astronomy
Changing Conceptions of the Cosmos
From Chaos to Cosmos
The Visible Sky
Angular Measurement
Motions of the Stars
The Motions of the Sun
Motions Relative to the Horizon
Motions Relative to the Stars
View from the Southern Hemisphere
The Motions of the Moon
Motions Relative to the Stars
The Motions of the Planets
Retrograde Motion
Elongations, Conjunctions, and Oppositions
Angular Speed and Relative Distances
Eclipses of the Sun and Moon
Precession of the Equinoxes
Angular Size and Speed
The Birth of Cosmological Models
Scientific Models
Building Models
Evaluation of Models
Greek Models of the Cosmos
Harmony and Geometry
A Physical Geocentric Model
A Contrary View: A Sun-Centered Model
Stellar Parallax in a Finite Cosmos
Expanding the Geocentric Model
Claudius Ptolemy: A Total Geocentric Model
A Geocentric Model Refined
Nonuniform Motion
Ptolemy's Complete Model
The Size of the Cosmos
Model Evaluation
Describing Basic Observations with a Geocentric Model
Surveying the Earth
The New Cosmic Order
Copernicus the Conservative
The Heliocentric Concept
The Plan of De Revolutionibus
The Heliocentric Model of Copernicus
Details of the Model
Retrograde Motion Explained Naturally
Planetary Distances
Relative Distances of the Planets
Problems with the Heliocentric Model
The Impact of the Heliocentric Model
Tycho Brahe: First Master of Astronomical Measurement
The New Star of 1572
Tycho's Hybrid Model
Johannes Kepler and the Cosmic Harmonies
The Harmonies of the Spheres
Kepler's New Astronomy
The Battle with Mars
Properties of Ellipses
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
The New Astronomy
Sidereal and Synodic Periods in a Heliocentric Model
Geometry of Ellipses
The Clockwork Universe
Galileo: Advocate of the Heliocentric Model
The Magical Telescope
The Starry Messenger
Galileo's Discoveries and the Copernican Model
The Crime of Galileo
Galileo and a New Physics of Motion
Acceleration, Velocity, and Speed
Natural Motion Revisited
Forced Motion: Gravity
Planets and Pendulums
Galileo's Cosmology
Newton: A Physical Model of the Cosmos
The Prodigious Young Newton
The Magnificent Principia
Forces and Motions
Newton's Laws of Motion
Newton and Gravitation
Centripetal Acceleration
Newton's Law of Gravitation
Cosmic Consequences of Universal Laws
The Earth's Rotation
Precession of the Earth's Axis
The Earth's Revolution and the Sun's Mass
Gravity and Orbits
Orbits and Escape Speed
Newton's Cosmology
Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration
Newton, the Apple, and the Moon
The Mass of the Sun
Escape Speed
The Birth of Astrophysics
Sunlight and Spectroscopy
Atoms and Matter
A Model of the Atom
Simple Spectroscopy
Analyzing Sunlight
Kirchhoff's Rules
The Conservation of Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Spectra and Atoms
Light and Electromagnetic Radiation
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Atoms, Light, and Radiation
Solving the Puzzle of Atomic Spectra
Energy Levels
Other Atoms
Spectra from Atoms
Absorption-Line Spectra
Kinetic Energy
Energy and Light
Telescopes and Our Insight into the Cosmos
Observations and Models
Visible Astronomy: Optical Telescopes
The Basis of Optics
Optics and Images
Functions of a Telescope
Next Generation of Telescopes
New Optical Techniques
Invisible Astronomy
Ground-Based Radio
Resolving Power and Radio Interferometers
Ground-Based Infrared
Space Astronomy
Image Collection and Processing
Understanding Intensity Maps
Charge-Coupled Devices (CCDs)
Properties of Telescopes
Einstein's Vision
Natural Motion Reexamined
Newton's Assumptions
Motion and Geometry
The Rise of Relativity
Mass and Energy, Space and Time
The General Theory of Relativity
The Principle of Equivalence
Weightlessness and Natural Motion
The Geometry of Spacetime
Euclidean Geometry
Non-Euclidean Geometry
Local Geometry and Gravity
The Curvature of Spacetime
Spacetime Curvature in the Solar System
Experimental Tests of General Relativity
Geometry and the Universe
Cosmic Geometry
Relativity and the Cosmos
Escape Speed and the Critical Density
The Future of the Universe
The Planets: Past and Present
The Earth: An Evolving Planet
The Mass and Density of the Solid Earth
The Earth's Interior and Age
The Earth's Magnetic Field
The Blanket of the Atmosphere
The Greenhouse Effect
Atmospheric Circulation
The Evolution of the Crust
Planetary Evolution and Energy
Volcanism and Plate Tectonics
Evolution of the Atmosphere and Oceans
Origin and Development of the Oceans
Evolution of the Atmosphere
Evolution of the Earth's Surface Temperature
The Earth's Evolution: The Big Picture
Models of Planets
Radioactivity and the Dating of Rocks
Moon and Mercury, Mars and Venus: Terrestrial Planets
General Orbital and Physical Characteristics
Surface Environments
The Active Surface of Venus
Magnetic Fields
History and Evolution
Tides and Tidal Friction
Distances in the Solar System
Impact Cratering
The Jovian Planets: Primitive Worlds
Jupiter: Lord of the Heavens
Physical Characteristics
Atmospheric Features and Composition
A Model of the Interior
Magnetic Field
The Many Moons and Rings of Jupiter
The Rings of Jupiter
Saturn: Jewel of the Solar System
Atmosphere and Interior
Similarities to Jupiter
The Moons and Rings of Saturn
Other Moons
Ring System
Uranus: The First New World
Atmospheric and Physical Features
Moons and Rings
Magnetic Field
Neptune: Guardian of the Deep
Physical Properties
Moons and Rings
Atmospheric Features
Magnetic Field
Pluto and Charon: Guardians of the Dark
Orbital and Physical Properties
Charon: Pluto's Companion Planet
The Doppler Shift
The Origin and Evolution of the Solar System
Debris between the Planets: Asteroids
Asteroids: Minor Planets
Comets: Snowballs in Space
The Comet Cloud
Interactions with the Solar Wind
Halley's Comet
Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and the Great Comet Crash on Jupiter
Meteors and Meteorites
Types of Meteorites
Origin of Meteorites
Pieces and Puzzles of the Solar System
Models of Origin
Basics of Nebular Models
Angular Momentum
Heating of the Nebula
The Formation of the Planets
Making Planets
Chemistry and Origin
Jupiter and Saturn: A Different Story?
Our Moon: A Different Story!
Evaluation of the Nebular Model
Momentum and Angular Momentum
The Universe of Stars
Our Sun: Local Star
A Solar Physical Checkup
How Far?
How Big?
How Massive?
How Dense?
Ordinary Gases
The Sun's Continuous Spectrum
Surface Temperature and Blackbody Radiators
The Solar Absorption-Line Spectrum
The Origin of Absorption Lines
The Chemical Composition of the Photosphere
Energy Flow in the Sun
Conduction, Convection, Radiation
Solar Wind
The Solar Interior
Energy Sources
Nuclear Transformations
Fusion Reactions
Solar Neutrino Problem
Solar Vibrations and Interior
The Active Sun
Sunspot Cycle
Physical Nature of Sunspots
Coronal Loops and Holes
The Sun's Luminosity
Emission from Blackbodies
The Stars as Suns
Some Messages of Starlight
Brightness and Flux
Flux and Luminosity
The Inverse-Square Law for Light
Stellar Distances: Parallaxes
Stellar Colors, Temperatures, and Sizes
Color and Temperature
Temperature and Radius
Direct Measurement of Diameters
Spectral Classification of Stars
Temperature and the Balmer Lines
Spectral Classification
The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Temperature versus Luminosity
Spectroscopic Distances
Weighing and Sizing Stars: Binary Systems
Binary Stars
Spectroscopic Binary Systems
The Mass-Luminosity Relation for Main-Sequence Stars
Stellar Densities
Stellar Lifetimes
Flux and Magnitude
Heliocentric (Trigonometric) Stellar Parallax
Starbirth and Interstellar Matter
The Interstellar Medium: Gas
Bright Nebulas
Interstellar Atoms
21-cm Emission from Atomic Hydrogen
Clouds and Intercloud Gas
Interstellar Molecules
Molecular Clouds
The Interstellar Medium: Dust
Cosmic Dust
Dust and Infrared Observations
The Nature of Interstellar Dust
Dust and the Formation of Molecules
Formation of Cosmic Dust
Starbirth: Theoretical Ideas
Collapse Models
Protostar Formation
Collapse with Rotation
Starbirth: Observational Clues
Signposts for the Birth of Massive Stars
The Birth of Massive Stars
The Birth of Solar-Mass Stars
Molecular Outflows and Starbirth
Planetary Systems?
Brown Dwarfs: Failed Stars
Neighboring Planetary Systems: Found!
Center-of-Mass Motions
Doppler Shift Detections
Emission Nebulas: Forbidden Lines
Star Lives
Stellar Evolution and the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Classifying Objects
Time and the H-R Diagram
Stellar Anatomy
Pressure and Energy Balance
Energy Transport
Star Models
Goals of Models
General Results
Energy Generation and the Chemical Compositions of Stars
Hydrogen Burning
Helium and Carbon Burning
Theoretical Evolution of a 1-Solar-Mass Star
Evolution to the Main Sequence
Evolution on the Main Sequence
Evolution off the Main Sequence
Evolution to the End
The Fate of the Earth
Lower-Mass Stars
Chemical Composition and Evolution
Theoretical Evolution of Massive Stars
Evolution of a 5-Solar-Mass Star
More Massive Stars
Observational Evidence for Stellar Evolution
Stars in Groups
Globular Clusters
Stellar Populations
Comparison with the H-R Diagram of Clusters
Variable Stars
Central Stars of Planetary Nebulas
The Synthesis of Elements in Stars
Nucleosynthesis in Red Giant Stars
Degenerate Gases
White Dwarf Stars: Common Corpses
Physics of Dense Gases
White Dwarfs in Theory
Observations of White Dwarfs
Neutron Stars: Compact Corpses
Degenerate Neutron Gases
Physical Properties
Novas: Mild Stellar Explosions
Ordinary Novas
A Nova Model
Supernovas: Cataclysmic Explosions
Classifying Supernovas
The Origin of Supernovas
Supernova 1987A
Supernova Remnants
The Crab Nebula: A Supernova Remnant
The Manufacture of Heavy Elements
Nucleosythesis in Stars
Nucleosynthesis in a Supernova
Other Sites of Nucleosynthesis
Pulsars: Neutron Stars in Rotation
Observed Characteristics
Clock Mechanism
Pulsars and Supernovas
A Lighthouse Model for Pulsars
Binary Radio Pulsars
Very Fast Pulsars
Pulsars with Planets
Black Holes: The Ultimate Corpses
The Schwarzschild Radius
The Singularity
Perilous Journey into a Black Hole
Observing Black Holes
Binary X-Ray Sources
Observing Black Holes
High-Energy Bursters Everywhere!
X-Ray Bursters
Gamma-Ray Bursters: Mystery Solved?
Thermal and Nonthermal (Synchrotron) Emission
Galaxies and Cosmic Evolution
The Evolution of the Galaxy
The Galaxy's Overall Structure
Galactic Rotation: Matter in Motion
The Sun's Speed around the Galaxy
The Sun's Distance from the Center
Rotation Curve and the Galaxy's Mass
Galactic Structure from Optical Observations
Spiral Tracers and Spiral Structure
Optical Maps of Spiral Structure
Exploring Galactic Structure by Radio Astronomy
Radial Velocities and Rotation
Radio Maps of Spiral Structure
The Evolution of Spiral Structure
The Windup Problem
The Density-Wave Model
Status of the Density-Wave Model
The Heart of the Galaxy
Radio Observations
Infrared Observations
The Inner 30 Light Years
Does a Black Hole Lurk in the Core?
The Halo of the Galaxy
Globular Clusters
Other Material in the Halo
A History of Our Galaxy
Populations and Positions
The Birth of the Galaxy
The Mass of the Galaxy
The Universe of Galaxies
The Extragalactic Debate
Basic Arguments
The Debate's Resolution
Normal Galaxies: A Galaxian Zoo
Disks (Spirals)
Luminosity Classes
Surveying the Universe of Galaxies
Judging Distances
Distance Indicators
Hubble's Law and Distances
Redshifts and Distances
"Age" of the Cosmos
An Accelerating Expansion?
General Characteristics of Galaxies
Mass-Luminosity Ratios
Clusters of Galaxies
The Local Group
Other Clusters of Galaxies
Clusters and the Luminosity of Galaxies
Interacting Galaxies
Superclusters and Voids
The Cosmic Tapestry
Intergalactic Medium and Dark Matter
Hubble's Constant and the Age of the Universe
Cosmic Violence
Violent Activity in Galaxies
Evidence of Violence in Our Galaxy
Synchrotron Emission Revisited
Active Galaxies
Radio Galaxies
Two High-Profile Active Galaxies
Structures of Radio Emission
Seyfert Galaxies and BL Lacertae Objects
Seyfert Galaxies
BL Lacertae Objects
Quasars: Unraveling the Mystery
Quasar Redshifts
General Observed Properties
The Light from Quasars
Line Spectra
Variability in Luminosity
Grand Illusions: Gravitational Lenses
Troubles with Quasars
Energy Sources in Quasars
A Generic Quasar and AGN Model
A Model for Quasars and AGNs
The Host Galaxies for Quasars
Faster Than Light?
Cosmic History
Cosmological Assumptions and Observations
A Brief Review of Cosmology
The Basic Big Bang Model
The Cosmic Background Radiation
The Primeval Fireball
The Hot Start
Creation of Matter from Photons
Temperature Greater than 10[superscript 12] K
Temperature about 10[superscript 12] K
Temperature about 10[superscript 9] K
Temperature about 3000 K
Evidence for the Big Bang
The End of Time?
From Big Bang to Galaxies
Elementary Particles and the Cosmos
The Forces of Nature
GUTs and the Cosmos
GUTs and Galaxy Formation
The Inflationary Universe
The Flatness Problem
The Horizon Problem
Planetary Data
Physical Constants and Astronomical Data
Nearby Stars in the Hipparcos Catalogue
The Most Luminous Stars in the Hipparcos Catalogue
Periodic Table of the Elements
Expanded Glossary