Our Voices Psychology of Women

ISBN-10: 0471478792

ISBN-13: 9780471478799

Edition: 2nd 2005 (Revised)

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Description:

Find your own voice! Highly engaging, well-researched, and balanced, this second edition takes a close look at current issues, theory, and research in the psychology of women. You will hear many voices in this text--from women of various racial and cultural backgrounds and social classes, from different sexual orientations, and voices that are young and old and also middle aged. You'll also explore multiple perspectives on issues, so you can draw your own conclusions about the information you're reading, and ultimately find your own voice.
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Book details

List price: $122.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 4/12/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 640
Size: 0.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.156

Elizabeth (Betty) Rider is Professor of Psychology and Associate Dean of the Faculty at Elizabethtown College in Pennsylvania. After earning her degree in developmental psychology at Vanderbilt University, she taught at the University of North Carolina at Asheville for several years before moving back to her home state of Pennsylvania more than 15 years ago. She regularly teaches Psychology of Women and Developmental Psychology courses to undergraduates at an institution where student learning is the number one priority. In addition to this text, she has co-authored a popular text on life-span human development. When not writing or teaching, this single mom devotes her energies to raising her son and working outdoors.

Diversity Topics
Preface
About the Author
Foundations for a Psychology of Women
All the Women in the World
How They Differ
What They Share
Real Life: Life in Rural Africa
Historical Overview
Early Women's Movements
Women's Movements Today
Feminism
Psychology Views Women
Women's Contributions to Psychology
Current Status of Women in Psychology
Women's Psychology: A Unique Field
Psychology of Women and the Study of Gender
Will the Field Remain Relevant?
Points to Keep in Mind
Meaning Is Relative
Gender and Context Are Inseparable
Biases Are Everywhere
Individuals Vary More Than Groups
There's an Exception to Every Rule
Socialization and Culture Are Crucial to Gender
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Studying Women and Gender
Traditional Research Methods
Experimental Methods
Quasi-Experimental Methods
Correlational Methods
Evaluating Traditional Methods
Nonsexist Research Methods
Feminist Methods
Concerns with Traditional Research
Featured Study: Feminist Study of Menopause
Organizing Themes
Integrating the Approaches
Research on Gender Differences
Are Males and Females Really So Different?
How Are Differences Detected?
Commentary: The Practical Significance of Gender Differences
Where Do We Stand on Comparative Gender Research?
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Explaining Gender
Psychodynamic Theories
Freud and Biological Identity
Evaluation
Commentary: Phyllis Freud Turns the Tables
Post- and Neo-Freudians
Social-Learning Theory
Reinforcement and Imitation
Evaluation
Cognitive Theories
Cognitive-Developmental Theory
Featured Study: Gender Awareness in Children
Gender Schema Theory
Social-Role Theory
Structured Social Roles
Evaluation
Feminist Perspectives
Gender as Social Construction
Evaluation
Critique: How Well Do the Theories Do?
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
How Biology Affects Gender
Genetics
Gender Determination
Genetic Complications
Sex Hormones
Gender Categories
Prenatal Development
Consequences of Prenatal Hormonal Conditions
Hormones and Development
Commentary: Are There Five Sexes?
Hormones and Behavior
The Brain
Hormonal Influences
Hemispheric Lateralization
Sex and Brain Size
Biological Theories of Gender
Biosocial Theory
Featured Study: Mistakes of Gender and Gender Identity
Evolutionary Psychology
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Assigning Roles to Women
Family Socialization
Do You Want a Boy or a Girl?
Parents and Babies
Who Does What?
Girl's World, Boy's World
Racial and Cultural Variations
How Strong Is Parental Influence?
Gender Roles Across the Life Span
Teachers and Schools
Media
Television
Commentary: An African American Perspective of TV
Featured Study: Gender Stereotypes in Disney Films
Newspapers
Magazines and Books
Other Media
Media Representations of the Female Body
Commentary: What Do We Learn from Barbie?
Play and Sports
Play Group Structure
Athletic Organizations
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Communicating
Women's Talk ... Men's Talk
Do Women Really Talk a Lot?
Interrupting
Intonation and Pitch
Standard Speech
Tentative Speech
Pointedness
Research Limitations
Women, Men, and Language
Featured Study: Culture, Gender, and Conversation
Commentary: Guess What-Women Are Funny!
The Other Ways We Communicate
Eye Gaze
Touch
Facial Expressions
Personal Space, Posture, and Appearance
Women's "Intuition"
How Language Represents Women
The Normative Male
The Pejorative Woman
Language and Thought
Commentary: What's in a Title?
Gender-Inclusive Language
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Reasoning About the World
Are Women as Smart as Men?
Gender and Variability of Scores
Race and Culture
The Cognitive Abilities of Women and Men
Those Famous Verbal Abilities
Those Infamous Math Scores
Ethnic Variations
Spatially Different?
Commentary: Single-Sex Classes?
What We Remember
Explaining Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilities
Achievement
Motivations
Explaining the Successes and the Failures
Featured Study: Are Girls "Helpless" When It Comes to Computers?
Self-Confidence
Ethnic and Cultural Differences
Reasoning Morally
Kohlberg's Theory
Gilligan's Response
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Work
Overview
Where Do Women Work?
What Do You Want to Be?
Traditional Careers
Nontraditional Careers
Eccles' Model of Occupational Choice
Discrimination
Hiring Practices
Financial Inequities
Featured Study: How Much Do You Think You Should Earn?
Comparable Worth
Promotion Practices
Affirmative Action
Combining Employment with Family
Women's Expectations
Maternity Leave
Real Life: I Want a Career and I Want a Family ...
Housework
Well-Being
When a Woman Retires
Earnings
Adjustment
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Personality and Social Interactions
Aspects of Personality
Five-Factor Model
Levinson's Life Structure
Stone Center's Relational Theory
Power and Behavior
Aggression
Commentary: Crossing the Line
Assertiveness
Competition
Leadership
Featured Study: Identity and Leadership in Cross-Cultural Contexts
Prosocial Behaviors
Who Empathizes?
Who Helps?
Who Nurtures?
Who is Swayed?
Other Components of Personality
Self-esteem
Emotions
Friendship
Women Who Are Friends
Real Life: African American and White Lesbian Friendships
Men and Women Can Be Friends
Real Life: Guy Friends
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Contemporary Life
Dating and Commitment
Selecting a Partner
Dating Scripts
Commentary: Dating by "The Rules"
Marriage and Partnerships
Is Love Important?
Different Versions of Marriage
Is Marriage Satisfying
Infidelity
Living Together: Significant Others
Divorce or Separation
What Causes Divorce?
The Consequences for Women
Featured Study: Racial Differences in Reaction and Coping with Separation and Divorce
Having Children
Why We Have Children
What We Expect
The Realities of Motherhood
Variations on Child Rearing: Single, Minority, Lesbian Motherhood
Parenthood Changes Marriage
Real Life: The Motherhood Experience
Childcare Issues
Staying Single
Why We Stay Single
Its Disadvantages
Its Advantages
Lesbians
Labels Confine Our Perceptions
Stereotyping Lesbians
Lesbians in Relationships
Commentary: Same-Sex Marriages
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Health and Reproduction
Toward a Health Care System for Women
Gender Bias
Racial Bias
Overall Health and Fitness
Weight
Poor and Minority Women
Problems Women Face
Heart Disease Is Not Just for Men
The Insidious Killer, Lung Cancer
The Once Silent Epidemic, Breast Cancer
Real Life: When Cancer Strikes
Other "Female" Cancers
The Menstrual Cycle
Menarche and Puberty
Commentary: If Men Could Menstruate
"Female" Problems
Pregnancy
Fertility and Infertility
How We Feel, How They Feel
Real Life: Being Pregnant
The Teenage Pregnancy Epidemic
Childbirth
The Stages of Labor
Cesarean Delivery
Postpartum Adjustment
Abortion
Psychological Reactions
Menopause
Physical Changes
Psychological Reactions
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Sexuality
Sexuality and Our Beliefs
Conducting Research
Commentary: Sexology and Feminism
An Entrenched Double Standard
Emerging Sexuality
Infancy and Childhood
Learning about Sex
Adolescence
Real Life: Sexual Experiences
Explaining Sexual Behaviors: Script Theory
Adult Sexuality
Ethnic Variations
The Middle Years and Beyond
Lesbian Sexuality
Biology or Culture?
Contraception
Methods
Real Life: Who Should Be Responsible for Contraception?
Use and Nonuse
Featured Study: "When You Carry Condoms All the Boys Think You Want It"
Sexual Problems
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexual Dysfunctions
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Violence in Women's Lives
Rape
Just How Prevalent Is Rape?
Myths and Scripts
Stranger Rape
Commentary: The "Rape" of Mr. Smith
Acquaintance and Date Rape
Marital or Relationship Rape
The Consequences
Recovery
Real Life: The Aftermath of Date Rape
Real Life: Helping Someone Who Has Been Raped Heal
Men Who Rape
Preventing Rape
Incest
Childhood Sexual Abuse
The Effects Last a Lifetime
Battering
The Victims
The Abusers
Social Conditions
The Cycle of Abuse
Why Do Some Women Stay?
Featured Study: Attachment Histories of Abusers
Harassment
Definition and Types
At Work
At School
Among Peers
The Effects of Harassment
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Mental Health
Diagnosis
What Constitutes "Good" Mental Health?
A New View of Mental Health
Diagnostic Criteria
Gender Bias
Racial and Cultural Biases
Depression: Beyond Sadness
Diagnosis and Characteristics
Explaining Gender Differences
Real Life: The Beast
Anxiety Disorders
Agoraphobia and Panic Attacks
Eating Disorders
Anorexia
Real Life: Wasted
Bulimia
Prognosis
Substance Abuse
Tobacco
Alcohol and Other Drugs
Therapy
Traditional Approaches
Nonsexist Therapy
Feminist Therapy
Racial and Cultural Issues
Conclusions
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Epilogue
The Importance of Gender
Common Themes
Conclusions
References
Name Index
Subject Index
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