Fundamentals of Soil Behavior

ISBN-10: 0471463027

ISBN-13: 9780471463023

Edition: 3rd 2005 (Revised)

Authors: James K. Mitchell, Kenichi Soga

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Updated and streamlined to help busy professionals, this third edition presents a greater emphasis on practical problems involving advanced soil behaviour.
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Book details

List price: $185.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/25/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 592
Size: 9.00" wide x 10.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.740
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
Soil Behavior in Civil and Environmental Engineering
Scope and Organization
Getting Started
Soil Formation
Introduction
The Earth's Crust
Geologic Cycle and Geological Time
Rock and Mineral Stability
Weathering
Origin of Clay Minerals and Clay Genesis
Soil Profiles and Their Development
Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition
Postdepositional Changes in Sediments
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Soil Mineralogy
Importance of Soil Mineralogy in Geotechnical Engineering
Atomic Structure
Interatomic Bonding
Secondary Bonds
Crystals and Their Properties
Crystal Notation
Factors Controlling Crystal Structures
Silicate Crystals
Surfaces
Gravel, Sand, and Silt Particles
Soil Minerals and Materials Formed by Biogenic and Geochemical Processes
Summary of Nonclay Mineral Characteristics
Structural Units of the Layer Silicates
Synthesis Pattern and Classification of the Clay Minerals
Intersheet and Interlayer Bonding in the Clay Minerals
The 1:1 Minerals
Smectite Minerals
Micalike Clay Minerals
Other Clay Minerals
Summary of Clay Mineral Characteristics
Determination of Soil Composition
X-ray Diffraction Analysis
Other Methods for Compositional Analysis
Quantitative Estimation of Soil Components
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Soil Composition and Engineering Properties
Introduction
Approaches to the Study of Composition and Property Interrelationships
Engineering Properties of Granular Soils
Dominating Influence of the Clay Phase
Atterberg Limits
Activity
Influences of Exchangeable Cations and pH
Engineering Properties of Clay Minerals
Effects of Organic Matter
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Soil Fabric and Its Measurement
Introduction
Definitions of Fabrics and Fabric Elements
Single-Grain Fabrics
Contact Force Characterization Using Photoelasticity
Multigrain Fabrics
Voids and Their Distribution
Sample Acquisition and Preparation for Fabric Analysis
Methods for Fabric Study
Pore Size Distribution Analysis
Indirect Methods for Fabric Characterization
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Soil-Water-Chemical Interactions
Introduction
Nature of Ice and Water
Influence of Dissolved Ions on Water
Mechanisms of Soil-Water Interaction
Structure and Properties of Adsorbed Water
Clay-Water-Electrolyte System
Ion Distributions in Clay-Water Systems
Elements of Double-Layer Theory
Influences of System Variables on the Double Layer
Limitations of the Gouy-Chapman Diffuse Double Layer Model
Energy and Force of Repulsion
Long-Range Attraction
Net Energy of Interaction
Cation Exchange-General Considerations
Theories for Ion Exchange
Soil-Inorganic Chemical Interactions
Clay-Organic Chemical Interactions
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Effective, Intergranular, and Total Stress
Introduction
Principle of Effective Stress
Force Distributions in a Particulate System
Interparticle Forces
Intergranular Pressure
Water Pressures and Potentials
Water Pressure Equilibrium in Soil
Measurement of Pore Pressures in Soils
Effective and Intergranular Pressure
Assessment of Terzaghi's Equation
Water-Air Interactions in Soils
Effective Stress in Unsaturated Soils
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Soil Deposits-Their Formation, Structure, Geotechnical Properties, and Stability
Introduction
Structure Development
Residual Soils
Surficial Residual Soils and Taxonomy
Terrestrial Deposits
Mixed Continental and Marine Deposits
Marine Deposits
Chemical and Biological Deposits
Fabric, Structure, and Property Relationships: General Considerations
Soil Fabric and Property Anisotropy
Sand Fabric and Liquefaction
Sensitivity and Its Causes
Property Interrelationships in Sensitive Clays
Dispersive Clays
Slaking
Collapsing Soils and Swelling Soils
Hard Soils and Soft Rocks
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Conduction Phenomena
Introduction
Flow Laws and Interrelationships
Hydraulic Conductivity
Flows Through Unsaturated Soils
Thermal Conductivity
Electrical Conductivity
Diffusion
Typical Ranges of Flow Parameters
Simultaneous Flows of Water, Current, and Salts Through Soil-Coupled Flows
Quantification of Coupled Flows
Simultaneous Flows of Water, Current, and Chemicals
Electrokinetic Phenomena
Transport Coefficients and the Importance of Coupled Flows
Compatibility-Effects of Chemical Flows on Properties
Electroosmosis
Electroosmosis Efficiency
Consolidation by Electroosmosis
Electrochemical Effects
Electrokinetic Remediation
Self-Potentials
Thermally Driven Moisture Flows
Ground Freezing
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Volume Change Behavior
Introduction
General Volume Change Behavior of Soils
Preconsolidation Pressure
Factors Controlling Resistance to Volume Change
Physical Interactions in Volume Change
Fabric, Structure, and Volume Change
Osmotic Pressure and Water Adsorption Influences on Compression and Swelling
Influences of Mineralogical Detail in Soil Expansion
Consolidation
Secondary Compression
In Situ Horizontal Stress (K[subscript 0])
Temperature-Volume Relationships
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Strength and Deformation Behavior
Introduction
General Characteristics of Strength and Deformation
Fabric, Structure, and Strength
Friction Between Solid Surfaces
Frictional Behavior of Minerals
Physical Interactions Among Particles
Critical State: A Useful Reference Condition
Strength Parameters for Sands
Strength Parameters for Clays
Behavior After Peak and Strain Localization
Residual State and Residual Strength
Intermediate Stress Effects and Anisotropy
Resistance to Cyclic Loading and Liquefaction
Strength of Mixed Soils
Cohesion
Fracturing of Soils
Deformation Characteristics
Linear Elastic Stiffness
Transition from Elastic to Plastic States
Plastic Deformation
Temperature Effects
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
Time Effects on Strength and Deformation
Introduction
General Characteristics
Time-Dependent Deformation-Structure Interaction
Soil Deformation as a Rate Process
Bonding, Effective Stresses, and Strength
Shearing Resistance as a Rate Process
Creep and Stress Relaxation
Rate Effects on Stress-Strain Relationships
Modeling of Stress-Strain-Time Behavior
Creep Rupture
Sand Aging Effects and Their Significance
Mechanical Processes of Aging
Chemical Processes of Aging
Concluding Comments
Questions and Problems
List of Symbols
References
Index
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