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Designing the Exterior Wall An Architectural Guide to the Vertical Envelope

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ISBN-10: 0471451916

ISBN-13: 9780471451914

Edition: 2005

Authors: Linda Brock

List price: $110.00
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Description:

By presenting the basics of building science along with a prescribed set of details, Designing the Exterior Wall helps architects and students understand why buildings fail and how they can be made more durable through design. The book connects the science and aesthetics of building envelopes through the examination of a variety of construction and cladding types. * Helps architects reduce their liability by showing why building envelopes fail and how they can be designed to endure. * Moves from theory to actual construction by including hundreds of building envelope details from a broad array of projects and climates. * Integrates numerous contemporary case studies, including Frank Gehry's Experiential Music Center in Seattle (thin skins), Renzo Piano's Rue de Meaux housing in Paris (terra cotta cladding), and Mario Botta's San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (prefabricated brick panels)
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Book details

List price: $110.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/20/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 400
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

LINDA BROCK, a registered architect in the United States and Canada, is an associate professor directing the building technology program in the School of Architecture at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. She has given seminars on building envelope design and has conducted investigations of fa?ade failures for more than two decades. Her professional work and research has dealt with masonry, stucco and EIFS, "breathable" walls, energy efficiency, adhered brick systems, and Japanese housing models.

Preface
Using This Guide
Acknowledgements
Choosing the Components
Decisions that Affect the Exterior Wall
Introduction to the Building Enclosure
Decisions Affecting Aesthetics, Function, Durability, and the Budget
Climate and the Exterior Wall
Function of the Exterior Wall
Cladding Systems
"Whole Wall" Design
Selecting and Positioning the Barriers and Retarders
Water Barriers and Flashing
Managing Water
Selecting the Right System
Water Barriers and Their Placement
Installation
Flashings
Testing and Measuring Water Leakage
Quick Notes: Water Ingress
Air Barrier Systems, Vapor Retarders, and Insulation
Stopping Air and Controlling Thermal and Vapor Transfer
Air Movement: Loss of Conditioned and Vapor Laden Air
Stopping Air Movement
The Difference Between an Air Barrier and a Vapor Retarder
Air Barrier Systems and Their Placement
Installation of Air Barrier Systems
Testing And Measuring Air Leakage
Quick Notes: Air Movement
Vapor Transmission By Diffusion
Vapor Retarders and Their Placement
Vapor Management
Testing and Measuring Vapor Diffusion
Quick Notes: Vapor Transfer
Heat Transfer By Conduction And Radiation
Thermal Transfer
Insulating Materials and Their Placement
Where and When to Measure Thermal Resistance
Installation of Insulation
Reflective Surfaces and Glass
Testing and Measuring Heat in a Wall
Quick Notes: Thermal Transfer
Joints
Structural Forces and Differential Movement
Expansion and Control Joints
Joint Design
Joint Components
Installation of Liquid Sealants
Maintenance
Testing Sealants
Quick Notes: Sealant Joints
Detailing for Durability
Curtain Walls
The Development of Curtain Walls
Aluminum Glass Curtain Wall
Aluminum Frames
Glass Types
Energy Concerns
Glass Failures
Stone and Metal Panel Curtain Walls
Types of Metal and Finishes
Specifying Metal Panel
Thin Stone Panels
Type of Stone
Specifying Stone Panels
Stone Failure
Fastening Systems for Stone Panels
Designing Curtain Walls with Glass, Metal, and Stone Panels
Design Team
Structural Engineers and Curtain Wall Consultants
Keeping Out Water and Air
Maintenance
Case Study: Metal/Glass Custom Curtain Wall with Stone Veneer
Precast Concrete Panels
How to Stay Out of Trouble When Designing Curtain Walls
Staying on Budget
System Failures
References
Anchored Brick Veneer on a Mid-Rise Concrete Frame Building
Brick Veneer
Wall Type A: Brick Veneer Anchored To Steel-Stud Backup Walls (ABV/SS) on a Concrete Frame
Environment
Avoiding Saturated Masonry
Using Caution in Other Environments
Is ABV/SS Risky Business?
Reducing Risk
Reducing Corrosion
Choosing reliable fasteners
Reducing Crack
Using the Team Approach
Repelling Water
The Four Layer Defense
Horizontal and Inclined Surfaces
Using Pressure Equalization Carefully
Accommodating Differential Movement with Expansion Joints
Using Vertical Expansion Joints to Accommodate Horizontal Expansion of ABV Panel
Using Vertical Expansion Joints At Corners to Accommodate Story Drift
Using Horizontal Expansion Joints to Accommodate Vertical Expansion of ABV Panels and Shortening of the Building Frame
How to Stay Out of Trouble when Designing Expansion Joints
Designing Parapet Veneer Panels: A Special Case
Minimizing the Size of ABV Panels on Parapet walls
Designing Copings to Protect ABV
Supplemental Information On ABV/SS Components
Supporting Windows, Doors, and Cantilevered Items
Using Clear Coatings Sparingly
Specifying Brick Units
Horizontal Joint Reinforcing
Using only Two-Piece Adjustable Veneer Anchors
Shelf Angles, Loose Lintels, and Floor Slabs That Support ABV Panels
Struggling with Shelf Angle and Loose Lintel Flashing
Exterior Sheathing on Steel Stud Backup Walls
ABV Details
Case Study: ABV Recladding Project
Other Systems
References: Brick Veneer
Exterior Insulation Finish System (EIFS) and Concrete Masonry Walls
Concrete Masonry Walls
Stopping Water and Air Ingress and Thermal Transfer
Environmental Considerations
Single Wythe Concrete Masonry: Face Sealed Barrier Wall
Exterior Insulation Finish System (EIFS)
Life Expectancy of EIFS
Wall Type B: EIFS with Internal Drainage Plane on Concrete Masonry Wall
EIFS Design
EIFS Installation
Attaching the Insulation
Applying the Base Coat with Reinforcing Mesh
Joints and Reveals
Finish Coat
Critical Inspection Points
Maintenance
Concerns with EIFS
Details: EIFS
EIFS over Light-Gauge Steel or Wood Studs
Case Study: Prefabricated-EIFS Panels On High-Rise Building
Case Study: Open-Joint Calcium Silicate Panels on Concrete Masonry
References
Wood Frame Construction, Stucco, and Fiber-Cement Siding
Wood Frame Construction
Stucco
Wall Type C: Three-Coat Stucco with Internal Drainage Plane on Wood Frame Wall
Stucco Design
Stucco Application
Stucco Accessories and Lath
Three Coat Stucco
Climate
Maintenance
Concerns with Stucco
Details: Stucco
Fiber-Cement Cladding
Drainage Cavity with Sidings
Wall Type D: Fiber-Cement Board Siding with Drainage Cavity on Wood Frame Wall
Fiber-Cement Siding Design
Fiber-Cement Siding Installation
Maintenance
Concerns with Fiber-Cement Claddings
Details: Fiber-Cement Siding
Case Study: MDO Plywood Panels and Cedar Siding
References
Advancing the Envelope
Terra Cotta, EIFS, Stone, and Brick: Are They Durable?
Truth in Materials
The Great Imposters: Terra Cotta and EIFS
Terra Cotta
Exterior Insulation Finish Systems (EIFS)
Lessons Learned from Terra Cotta and EIFS Failures
The Future of Terra Cotta Claddings
The Future of EIFS
Aesthetics and Durability, Can You Have Both With Carrara Marble?
Carrara Marble
Failures of the Amoco Building and Finlandia Hall
How Did This Happen?
Mount Airy Granite for the Amoco Building
Carrara Marble for FInlandia Hall
Advancing the Envelope
Build It Right The First Time or Repair It Quickly: Brick Veneer
College Dormitory
Concert Hall
Conclusion
Architect''s Design Kit: Form, Surface, and Color; Thick and Thin Walls
The Exterior Wall
Aesthetic Kit: Form, Surface, and Color
Westin New York at Times Square
Curtain Wall Design: A Global Proposition
1000 Permutations of Glass
Installation
Experience Music Project, Seattle
The Swoopy Form
The Digital Skin
Comparisons: Mondrian Planes and Swoopy Forms
Functional Kit: Thick and Thin Walls
Vitra Conference Pavilion: Thicker Walls in Germany
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
The Brick Ruse
Lightweight Thin Brick Panels
Reducing Construction Costs on SFMOMA
Thin Brick in Precast Concrete Panels
Are Two Walls Better than One?
Seattle Justice Center
Wood Frame Construction: Designing for the Climate and the Future
Durability-the Kingpin of Sustainability
Innovation in Wood Framed Walls
Architects and the Wood Framed Wall
Leaky Condos
Vancouver, British Columbia: "The Look that Didn''t Last"
Positive Changes
Not Only a West Coast Problem
Seattle: "When It Rains, It Pours In"
Tackling the Problems in Seattle
What Can Be Learned from the Leaky Co