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Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling

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ISBN-10: 0471384771

ISBN-13: 9780471384779

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

Authors: Chunmiao Zheng, Gordon D. Bennett

List price: $202.00
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Description:

Chunmiao Zheng explains the underlying theoretical concepts and the key applied aspects of contaminant transport modelling. This includes the theories behind solute transport in groundwater and guidance on the development of field-scale modelling.
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Book details

List price: $202.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/5/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 656
Size: 6.50" wide x 10.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.442
Language: English

Preface
Preface to the First Edition
Introduction
Solute Transport and the Role of Simulation
A Historical Perspective
About This Book
A Note on Computer Software
Concepts and Techniques
Darcy's Law and Advective Transport
Average Particle Velocity and Time of Travel
Generalization of Darcy's Law and Equation of Groundwater Flow
Advective Transport
Further Reading and Problems
Dispersive Transport and Mass Transfer
Introduction
Microscopic Dispersive Processes
Macroscopic Dispersion
Development of the Advection--Dispersion Equation
Advective--Diffusive Systems
Further Reading and Problems
Transport with Chemical Reactions
Introduction
Equilibrium-Controlled Sorption
Kinetic Sorption
First-Order Irreversible Reactions
Monod Kinetic Reactions
Multispecies Kinetic Reactions
Reactions in a Dual-Domain System
Further Reading and Problems
Mathematical Model and Analytical Solutions
Mathematical Model of Solute Transport
Analytical Solutions
Further Reading and Problems
Simulation of Advective Transport
Introduction
Particle Tracking Method
Capture Zone Delineation
Evaluation of Travel Times
General Particle Tracking Codes
Further Reading and Problems
Simulation of Advective-Dispersive Transport
Introduction
Eulerian Methods
Lagrangian Methods
Mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian Methods
Total-Variation-Diminishing (TVD) Methods
Further Reading and Problems
Simulation of Nonequilibrium Processes and Reactive Transport
Introduction
Nonequilibrium Sorption
Dual-Domain Mass Transfer
Multispecies Kinetic Reactions
Coupled Transport and Geochemical Modeling
General Reactive Transport Codes
A Case Study: Modeling Natural Attenuation
Further Reading and Problems
Field Applications
A Framework for Model Applications
The Model Application Process
Defining Goals
Data Collection and Conceptual Model Development
Selection of a Computer Code
Building a Contaminant Transport Model
Model Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis
Prediction and Uncertainty
Keys to Successful Model Applications
Further Reading and Problems
Building A Contaminant Transport Model
Getting Started
Spatial Discretizations
Temporal Discretizations
Initial Conditions
Boundary Conditions
Sources and Sinks
Data Management
Further Reading and Problems
Model Input Parameters
Data Needs in Transport Modeling
Flow Parameters
Transport Parameters
Chemical Parameters
Model Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis
Basic Concepts of Model Calibration
Assessment of Model Calibration
Calibration by Trial and Error
"Automated" Calibration
Sensitivity Analysis
Further Reading and Problems
Dealing With Uncertainty
Introduction
Types and Sources of Uncertainty
Methods for Evaluating Uncertainty
Managing Uncertainty
Further Reading and Problems
Contaminant Transport Modeling: Case Studies
Modeling Contaminant Migration from a Landfill at the Borden Site in Canada
Evaluating Remedial Alternatives at a Superfund Site in New Jersey
Assessing Aquifer Susceptibility to Contamination at an Agricultural Field in Wisconsin
Application of the Dual-Domain Mass Transfer Approach to the MADE Site in Mississippi
Advanced Topics
Simulation of Density-Dependent Flow and Transport
Introduction
The Flow Equation for Variable-Density Conditions
The Relationship between Solute Concentration and Water Density
The Solute Transport Equation
General Solution Sequence
Sharp Interface Approach
General Variable-Density Codes
A Case Study: Seawater Intrusion Modeling
Further Reading and Problems
Simulation of Flow and Transport in the Vadose Zone
Introduction
Basic Concepts of Vadose Zone Hydrology
Flow Equation for Partially Saturated Conditions
Solute Transport under Partial Saturation
Extension to the Air Phase
General Variably Saturated Codes
An Illustrative Example
Further Reading and Problems
Optimal Management of Groundwater Quality
Introduction
The Simulation-Optimization Approach
Optimization Techniques
Optimal Management Examples
Further Reading and Problems
Darcy's Law and the Variable-Density Flow Equation
Darcy's Law
The Variable-Density Flow Equation
Application of Stream Functions to Groundwater Flows
Introduction
Basic Concepts of Stream Functions
Analytical Solutions
Numerical Solutions
Governing Equation
Boundary Conditions
Sinks or Sources
Examples
Stream functions in Three-Dimensional Flows
Summary
Acknowledgement
Information on Groundwater Modeling Software
How to Obtain and Use the Companion Software
Groundwater Modeling Links
References
Index