Building Pathology Deterioration, Diagnostics, and Intervention

ISBN-10: 0471331724

ISBN-13: 9780471331728

Edition: 2001

Authors: Samuel Y. Harris

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Description:

This book explains and examines the range of physical and mechanical mechanisms associated with the physical deterioration of buildings, in order that building professionals can better treat these buildings and help avoid future ills.
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Book details

List price: $160.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/1/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.036
Language: English

SAMUEL Y. HARRIS, PE, AIA, Esq., is an architect, structural engineer, and attorney. He leads his own consulting company, S. Harris & Co., and serves as an adjunct professor at The University of Pennsylvania and at Goucher College.

Preface
Introduction
Statement of the Problem
Problem-Solving Process
Structured Problem Solving
Establishing Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
Establishing the Search Pattern
Statement of Objectives
Mechanisms and Diagnostics
Building Pathology and Diagnostics
Deterioration as a Natural Process
Monitoring and the Time Budget
Mechanisms and Degradation Model
The Deterioration Mechanism
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
Complex Mechanisms and Diagnostics
Typical Mechanism Combinations
Variable Environmental Effects: A Dynamic Approach
Integrated Systems and Complex Pathogenesis
Structural Systems
Closure
Vertical Closure System
Horizontal Closure System
Utilities Systems
Power Supply
Hydraulic Supply
Environmental Modification System
Heating and Cooling
Humidity Control
Ventilation
Protection Systems
Security
Emergency
The Impact of Material Standards over Time
The Myth of Modern Materials
Intervention Methodologies
The Client as Commander
Approaches
Abstention
Mitigation
Reconstitution
Substitution
Circumvention
Acceleration
The Intervention Matrix
Structural Systems
Functional Definition
Components Description
Materials Pathology
Differential Deformations
Thermal Variation
Hygroscopic Variation
Isotropy
Homogeneity
Mechanical Variation
Combined Variation
Crack Formation, Extension, and Coalescence
Mechanical Mechanisms
Composite Materials
Stress Gradients
Combined Stress
Principle Stresses
Deformation and Crack Formation
Permanent Set and Plastic Deformation
Strain Hardening
Creep
Biological Mechanisms
Fungal Action and Other Microbial Activity
Termites and Other Insects
The Formosan Termite
The Battle against the Formosan
Systemic Pathology
Differentiation between Deformation and Failure
The Pathology of Common Structural Elements
Foundations and Retaining Structures
Shallow Foundations
Differential Settlement
Heaving
Lateral Sliding
Other Lateral Retention Problems
Other Shallow Foundation Problems
Moving Water
Deep Foundations
Superstructures
Compression Elements
Columns
Walls
Exterior Walls
Interior Walls and Partitions
Tension Elements
Spanning Members
Rafters, Joists, Girders and Other Beams
Trusses
Cantilevers
Arches and Catenaries
Connections
Fixed Connections
Released Connections
Vertical Closure Systems
Functional Definition
Components and Description
Material Pathology
Freeze-Thaw Cycling
Thermal Transmission
Through Solid, Homogeneous, Single Layers
Through Multiple Layers
Temperature and Moisture Gradients
Thermal Inertia and Thermal Lag
Conductivity and Heating Rate
Solar Gain and Emissivity
Properties of Liquids
Water Absorption
Adsorption
Hydration
Hydrolysis
Pore Absorption
Internal and Interstitial Condensation
Moisture Mass and Content Delay
Freezing Water and Ice
The Freeze-Thaw Scenario
Lateral Motive Forces
Frost Progression
Crack Initiation and Propagation
Pressure Release and Air Entrainment
Intervention in Freeze-Thaw Cycling
Rising Damp and Salt Decay
Solutions and Salts
Chlorides
Nitrates
Sulfates
Carbonates
Evaporation and the Evaporative Engine
Efflorescence and Subflorescence
Efflorescence
Subflorescence
Other Salt-Related Decay Mechanisms
Salt Decay
Rising Damp
Acid Rain and Other Pollutants
Hazards of Cleaning
Particle Adhesion and Removal
Cleaning Methods
Water Cleaning
Abrasive Cleaning
Chemical Cleaning
Long-Term Effects of Cleaning
Systemic Pathology
How Walls Leak Water
Wall Types
Single-Layer Systems
Thick Single-Layer Systems
Thin Single-Layer Systems
Permeable Single Layers
Impermeable Single Layers
Thick Single-Layer Systems
Multiple-Layer Systems
Drained Cavity Systems
Pressure-Equalized Systems
Openings and Details
Why Leaks Are Detrimental
Pathology of Vertical Closure Thermodynamics
Thermal Insulation
Infiltration and Air Seals
Vapor Barriers and Condensation
Thermal Retrofits of Walls
Vertical Closure Pathology
Horizontal Closure Systems
Functional Definition
Components and Description
Roof Types
Materials Pathology
Differential Thermal Movement
Corrosion and Galvanic Action
The Process of Alloying and Refining
Rates of Corrosion
The Conversion Process
The Sacrificial Process
UV and Ozone Degradation
Systemic Pathology
The Systems Approach to Building Assessment
How Roofs Leak Water
Single-Layer Systems
Ponding
Points of Entry
Ballast
Multiple-Layer Systems
Shingle Systems
Shingle Materials
Hybrid Systems
Gutter, Leader, and Drain Problems
Summary on Roofs
Parapets
Decks and Terraces
Paving over Unoccupied Areas
Paving over Occupied Areas
Site Drainage Problems
Plant Damage
Site-Water Damage
Designing for Water Disposal
Water Collection and Conveyance
The Active Systems
Utilities Systems
Power Supply
Hydraulic Supply
Environmental Modification Systems
Heating and Cooling
Humidity Control
Ventilation
Protection Systems
Security Systems
Emergency Systems
Epilogue
Glossary
Index
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