Exploring Geographic Information Systems

ISBN-10: 0471314250

ISBN-13: 9780471314257

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

List price: $173.95
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This exploration of geographic information and geographic information systems (GIS) expands the discussion beyond the normal input-processing-output sequence. It uses case studies to examine applications of each type of geographic information.
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Book details

List price: $173.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/7/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 7.50" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

Preface: Call for Participation in an Exploration
Organization of the Book
Basic Building Blocks of Geographic Information
Beginning the Exploration
Behind a Black Door
The Weekly Meeting
The Surrounding Causes
Source of the Model
Linking the Pieces
Extracting Lessons
Further Explorations: La Selva Project
Convergence of Many Technologies
Defining a Geographic Information System
Reference Systems for Measurement
How Information Works
Basic Components of Geographic Information
Reference Systems
Temporal Reference Systems
Spatial Reference Systems
Attribute Reference Systems
Levels of Measurement
Extensive and Derived Scales
What is Missing from Stevens
Absolute Scales
Cyclical Measures
Graded Membership in Categories
Applying Levels of Measurement to Attribute Reference Systems
Measurement Frameworks
A Simple Measurement Framework
Control and Measurement
Attribute as Control
Isolated Object Frameworks
Spatial Object Framework
Isoline Framework
Connected Coverage Frameworks and Topological Relationships
Network Framework
Categorical Coverage Framework
Spatial Control
Point-based Frameworks
Center Point Framework
Systematic Unaligned Sample
Area-based Measurement Frameworks
Extreme Value
Predominant Type
Presence/Absence and Percent Cover
Precedence of Types
Relationship Control
Measurement by Pair
Triangulated Irregular Networks (TIN)
Composite Frameworks
Scattered Point Samples
Associating Attributes--Indirect Measurement
Choropleth Framework
Temporal Frameworks
Primitives for Representation
Primitives for Attributes
Primitives for Time
Primitives for Space: Coordinates
Representation Models and Data Structures
Vector Model
Representing Isolated Objects
Representing Topological Relationships
Raster Model
Database Architecture
Conversion of Existing Documents (Digitizing)
Vector Tracing
Raster Scanners
Transforming Digitizer Measurements into Coordinates
Registration on Device
Transformations from Document to Projection
Reference to Geodetic Surveys
After Digitizing
Data Quality: Closing the Loop
Scale of Sources
Verification and Quality Control
Transformations and Operations
Attribute-based Operations
Manipulating Attributes
Reducing the Information Content
Increasing the Information Content
Combining Pairs of Input Values
Sum and Difference
Rate and Density
Performing Combinations
Interaction of Attribute and Spatial Components
Spatial Consequences of Aggregation and Isolation
Cartographic Generalization
Overlay: Integration of Disparate Sources
Development of Map Overlay
The Overlay Operation
Registration: A Universal Requirement
Raster Implementations of Overlay
Vector Implementations of Overlay
Geometric Intersection Processing
Attribute Handling Using Results of Overlay
Comparisons of Performance and Capabilities
Combining Attributes after Overlay
Enumeration Rules
Detecting Differences
Interpreting Differences
Dominance Rules
Exclusionary Screening
Exclusionary Ranking
Highest Bid/Highest Bidder
Contributory Rules
Voting Tabulation
Weighted Voting
Linear Combination
Weighting and Rating
Nonlinear Combinations
Interaction Rules
Contingent Weighting
Evaluating Interactions
Rules of Combination
Summary of Rules
Distance Relationships
Examples of Distance Specifications
Exclusionary Zones around Features: Buffers and Setbacks
Beyond Buffers and Setbacks
Distance Measurement
Distance Relationships
Constructing Buffers with Vector Data
Measuring Distance in a Raster
Extended Voronoi Networks
Data Quality Aspects of Distance Relationships
Surfaces and Near Neighbors
Topology of Surfaces
Computing Relationships on a Surface
Slope from Triangles
Slope from Matrices
Neighborhood Operations: The Spatial Component
Neighborhood Construction
Raster Neighbors
Vector Neighbors
Edge Effects
Refinements of Neighborhoods
Combining Neighborhood Attributes
Nominal Attributes
Dominance Rules
Contributory Rules
Interaction Rules
Operations Based on Ranking Attributes
Continuous Attributes
Aspatial Treatment of Continuous Attributes in a Neighborhood
Continuous Attributes with Horizontal Measures
Data Quality Applications of Neighborhood Operations
Comprehensive Operations
Iterative Operations
Cost Accumulation
An Example of Cost Surface Construction: A Water Pipeline
Drainage Operations
Network Operations
Location-Allocation: A Family of Problems with a Common Approach
Statistical Modeling of Spatial Data
Prior Approaches to Transformations
Transformations for Surfaces
Interpolation from Scattered Points
Interpolation from Isolines
Interpolation from a DEM
To and From Triangles
A Scheme for Transformations
Transformation by Extraction (Case 0)
Transformations Based on Attribute Assumptions (Case 1A)
Transformations Based on Geometric Processing Only (Case 1N)
Complete Transformations (Case 2)
Re-presenting Surface Transformations
Examples of Transformations
Case 1A: Classification of Remotely Sensed Imagery
Forest Mapping for the United States
Case 1N: Geometric Measures Converted to Attributes
Wetland Regulation and Wasteland Assessment in Westport, Wisconsin
Case 2: Areal Interpolation
Dasymetric Mapping of Population Density, Cape Cod
The Broader Arena
Evaluation and Implementation
Technical Evaluation
Data Quality Assessment
Measurement Frameworks and Accuracy
Strategy for Testing
Allocation of Resources
Computer Resources
Financial Resources
Human Resources
Implementing a GIS
Needs Assessment
Requirements Analysis
Database Design
Approaches to Geographic Measurement
Bidding Process
Serving Larger Goals
Social and Institutional Interactions
Historical Trends in Technological Change
Geography of Geographic Information
Geographic Information in the Bureaucracy
Institutional Continuity
Institutional Definitions of Time and History
Cooperation and Coordination
Information in Its Social Context
Access to Information
Balancing Competing Concerns
Information and Culture
Culture: Continuity and Change
The Practice of GIS
Sources and Credits
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