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Environmental Engineering Science

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ISBN-10: 0471144940

ISBN-13: 9780471144946

Edition: 2001

Authors: William W. Nazaroff, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen

List price: $223.95
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Description:

Providing a thorough and balanced introduction to water quality engineering, air quality engineering and hazardous waste management, this text develops the scientific principles needed to understand environmental engineering.
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Book details

List price: $223.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/20/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 704
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.036
Language: English

Fundamentals
Overview
What Is Environmental Engineering Science?
Domains of Environmental Engineering
Water quality engineering
Air quality engineering
Hazardous waste management
Context and Concepts
Concentrations and other units of measure
Material balance
Factors governing contaminant concentrations
Engineering analysis
Control opportunities
Environmental regulations
Precision and accuracy
Magnitudes: Length scales and characteristic times
References
Problems
Water, Air, and Their Impurities
Water and the Hydrosphere
Air and the Atmosphere
Impurities in Environmental Media
Gases dissolved in water
Water in air
Acids, bases, and the hydrogen ion
Inorganic impurities
Organic impurities
Radionuclides
Compounds causing odor, taste, or color
Particulate matter
Microorganisms
References
Problems
Transformation Processes
Governing Concepts
Stoichiometry
Chemical equilibrium
Kinetics
Phase Changes and Partitioning
Vapor pressure
Dissolution of species in water
Sorption
Acid-Base Reactions
Acid-base reactions and the hydrogen ion
pH of pure water
Strong and weak acids
Carbonate system
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Oxidation state
Corrosion
Combustion
Atmospheric oxidation processes
Microbial reactions
Reference
Problems
Transport Phenomena
Basic Concepts and Mechanisms
Contaminant flux
Advection
Molecular diffusion
Dispersion
Particle Motion
Drag on particles
Gravitational settling
Brownian diffusion
Mass Transfer at Fluid Boundaries
Mass-transfer coefficient
Transport across the air-water interface
Transport in Porous Media
Fluid flow through porous media
Contaminant transport in porous media
References
Problems
Transport and Transformation Models
Reactor Models
Batch reactor
Completely mixed flow reactor (CMFR)
Plug-flow reactor (PFR)
Advanced examples
Beyond Ideal Reactors: General Material-Balance Models
Governing equation
Approaches for solving environmental transport problems
References
Problems
Applications
Water Quality Engineering
The Nature of Water Quality Problems
Rivers and streams
Lakes and reservoirs
Groundwater
Oceans and estuaries
Overview of Water Quality Regulations and Treatment Systems
Key U.S. federal water regulations
Engineered water quality systems
Physical Treatment Methods
Sedimentation
Filtration through granular media
Membrane separation processes
Chemical and Physicochemical Treatment Methods
Disinfection
Coagulation and flocculation
Sorption of organic molecules
Chemical precipitation and ion exchange
Biological Wastewater Treatment
Activated sludge
Trickling filters
Anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludges
References
Problems
Air Quality Engineering
Nature of Air Pollution Problems
Criteria pollutants
Hazardous air pollutants
Acid deposition
Photochemical smog
Indoor air quality
Global change
Air Pollutant Emissions and Controls
Characterizing emissions
Pollutant generation by combustion
Motor vehicle emissions
Treatment Technologies
Particle control devices
Absorption for gaseous pollutant control
Air Quality Models
Summary of modeling approaches
Gaussian plume dispersion modeling
References
Problems
Hazardous Waste Management
Overview
History and case studies
Hazardous waste regulatory framework
Magnitude of the hazardous waste problem
Sources of hazardous wastes
Hazardous Waste Minimization
What is waste minimization?
Why should we do it?
Techniques for waste minimization
Management tools
Hazardous Waste Treatment Processes
Physical separation
Chemical treatment
Thermal treatment
Biological treatment
Hazardous Waste Disposal
Landfills
Deep-well injection
Environmental Releases and Remediation
Site characterization
Quantitative risk analysis
Site remediation
References
Problems
Appendices
Basic Data for Environmental Engineering Science
Primer on Ionizing Radiation
Primer on Environmental Organic Chemicals
Pure hydrocarbons
Oxygenated organic compounds
Organohalides
Organic compounds containing sulfur or nitrogen
Problem Solving: Mathematics for Environmental Engineering
Ordinary differential equations
First-order linear equation with constant coefficients
Coupled first-order ordinary differential equations
Introduction to the numerical solution of ordinary differential equations
Partial differential equations that arise in transport problems
Solving equilibrium problems: Roots of nonlinear algebraic equations
Data manipulation on a logarithmic scale
Linear regression
A Further Look at Transformation Processes
Activity
Gibbs free energy and equilibrium constants
Electrode potentials and free-energy change in redox reactions
Activation energy and the temperature dependence of reaction rates
United States Federal Regulations for Water and Air Quality
Index