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Low-Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design

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ISBN-10: 047111488X

ISBN-13: 9780471114888

Edition: 1999

Authors: Kaushik Roy, Sharat Prasad

List price: $176.00
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Description:

The solutions and reasoning behind circuit design based on the CMOS VLSI are presented in this book along with details on how to effectively cut power consumption. The book contains coverage of power management for MCMs, provides stochastic models detailing circuit activity, and includes chapter-ending exercises.
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Book details

List price: $176.00
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/22/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 376
Size: 5.75" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Peter Lorge is Senior Lecturer in Chinese History at Vanderbilt University, US.Kaushik Roy is Reader in the Department of History at Jadavpur University, India.

Preface
Low-Power Cmos Vlsi Design
Introduction
Sources of Power Dissipation
Designing for Low Power
Conclusions
References
Physics of Power Dissipation in Cmos Fet Devices
Introduction
Physics of Power Dissipation in MOSFET Devices
The MIS Structure
Long-Channel MOSFET
Submicron MOSFET
Gate-Induced Drain Leakage
Power Dissipation in CMOS
Short-Circuit Dissipation
Dynamic Dissipation
The Load Capacitance
Low-Power VLSI Design: Limits
Principles of Low-Power Design
Hierarchy of Limits
Fundamental Limits
Material Limits
Device Limits
Circuit Limits
System Limits
Practical Limits
Quasi-Adiabatic Microelectronics
Conclusions
References
Power Estimation
Modeling of Signals
Signal Probability Calculation
Signal Probability Using Binary Decision Diagrams
Probabilistic Techniques for Signal Activity Estimation
Switching Activity in Combinational Logic
Derivation of Activities for Static CMOS from Signal Probabilities
Switching Activity in Sequential Circuits
An Approximate Solution Method
Statistical Techniques
Estimating Average Power in Combinatorial Circuits
Estimating Average Power in Sequential Circuits
Estimation of Glitching Power
Monte-Carlo-Based Estimation of Glitching Power
Delay Models
Sensitivity Analysis
Power Sensitivity
Power Sensitivity Estimation
Power Sensitivity Method to Estimate Minimum and Maximum Average Power
Power Estimation Using Input Vector Compaction
Power Dissipation in Domino CMOS
Circuit Reliability
Power Estimation at the Circuit Level
Power Consumption of CMOS Gates
High-Level Power Estimation
Information-Theory-Based Approaches
Estimation of Maximum Power
Test-Generation-Based Approach
Approach Using the Steepest Descent
Genetic-Algorithm-Based Approach
Summary and Conclusion
References
Synthesis for Low Power
Behavioral Level Transforms
Algorithm Level Transforms for Low Power
Power-Constrained Least-Squares Optimization for Adaptive and Nonadaptive Filters
Circuit Activity Driven Architectural Transformations
Architecture-Driven Voltage Scaling
Power Optimization Using Operation Reduction
Power Optimization Using Operation Substitution
Precomputation-Based Optimization for Low Power
Logic Level Optimization for Low Power
FSM and Combinational Logic Synthesis
Technology Mapping
Circuit Level
Circuit Level Transforms
CMOS Gates
Transistor Sizing
Summary and Future Directions
References
Design and Test of Low-Voltage Cmos Circuits
Introduction
Circuit Design Style
Nonclocked Logic
Clocked Logic Family
Leakage Current in Deep Submicrometer Transistors
Transistor Leakage Mechanisms
Leakage Current Estimation
Deep Submicrometer Device Design Issues
Short-Channel Threshold Voltage Roll-Off
Drain-Induced Barrier Lowering
Key to Minimizing SCE
Low-Voltage Circuit Design Techniques
Reverse V[subscript gs]
Steeper Subthreshold Swing
Multiple Threshold Voltage
Multiple Threshold CMOS Based on Path Criticality
Testing Deep Submicrometer ICs with Elevated Intrinsic Leakage
Multiple Supply Voltages
Conclusions
References
Low-Power Static Ram Architectures
Introduction
Organization of a Static RAM
MOS Static RAM Memory Cell
The 4T SRAM Cell
The 6T SRAM Cell
SRAM Cell Operation
Banked Organization of SRAMs
Divided Word Line Architecture
Reducing Voltage Swings on Bit Lines
Pulsed Word Lines
Self-Timing the RAM Core
Precharge Voltage for Bit Lines
Reducing Power in the Write Driver Circuits
Reducing Power in Sense Amplifier Circuits
Method for Achieving Low Core Voltages from a Single Supply
Summary
References
Low-Energy Computing Using Energy Recovery Techniques
Energy Dissipation in Transistor Channel Using an RC Model
Energy Recovery Circuit Design
Designs with Partially Reversible Logic
Designs with Reversible Logic
Simple Charge Recovery Logic Modified from Static CMOS Circuits
Adiabatic Dynamic Logic
Energy Recovery SRAM Core
Another Core Organization: Column-Activated Memory Core
Energy Dissipation in Memory Core
Comparison of Two Memory Core Organizations
Design of Peripheral Circuits
Optimal Voltage Selection
Supply Clock Generation
Summary and Conclusions
References
Software Design for Low Power
Introduction
Sources of Software Power Dissipation
Software Power Estimation
Gate Level Power Estimation
Architecture Level Power Estimation
Bus Switching Activity
Instruction Level Power Analysis
Software Power Optimizations
Algorithm Transformations to Match Computational Resources
Minimizing Memory Access Costs
Instruction Selection and Ordering
Power Management
Automated Low-Power Code Generation
Codesign for Low Power
Instruction Set Design
Reconfigurable Computing
Architecture and Circuit Level Decisions
Summary
References
Index