Quaternary Dating Methods

ISBN-10: 0470869275

ISBN-13: 9780470869277

Edition: 2005

Authors: Mike Walker

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This introductory textbook introduces the basics of dating, the range of techniques available and the strengths and limitations of each of the principal methods. Coverage includes: the concept of time in Quaternary Science and related fields the history of dating from lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy the development and application of radiometric methods different methods in dating: radiometric dating, incremental dating, relative dating and age equivalence Presented in a clear and straightforward manner with the minimum of technical detail, this text is a great introduction for both students and practitioners in the Earth, Environmental and Archaeological Sciences.
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Book details

List price: $100.95
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/17/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 306
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298

Dating Methods and the Quaternary
The Development of Quaternary Dating
Precision and Accuracy in Dating
Atomic Structure, Radioactivity and Radiometric Dating
The Quaternary: Stratigraphic Framework and Terminology
The Scope and Content of the Book
Radiometric Dating 1: Radiocarbon Dating
Basic Principles
Radiocarbon Measurement
Beta Counting
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
Extending the Radiocarbon Timescale
Laboratory Intercomparisons
Sources of Error in Radiocarbon Dating
Isotopic Fractionation
Marine Reservoir Effects
Long-Term Variations in [superscript 14]C Production
Some Problematic Dating Materials
Lake Sediments
Calibration of the Radiocarbon Timescale
Dendrochronological Calibration
The INTCAL Calibration
Extending the Radiocarbon Calibration Curve
Bayesian Analysis and Radiocarbon Calibration
Wiggle-Match Dating
Applications of Radiocarbon Dating
Radiocarbon Dating: Some Routine Applications
Dating of plant macrofossils: Lateglacial cereal cultivation in the valley of the Euphrates
Dating of charcoal: a Holocene palaeoenvironmental record from western Germany
Dating of peat: a Holocene palaeoclimatic record from northern England
Dating of organic lake mud: a multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental record from Lake Rutundu, East Africa
Dating of marine micropalaeontological records: an example of a problem from the North Atlantic
Dating of marine shell: a Holocene aeolianite from Mexico
Dating of bone: the earliest humans in the Americas
Radiocarbon Dating of Other Materials
Dating of textiles: the 'Shroud of Turin'
Dating of old documents: the Vinland Map
Dating of lime mortar: medieval churches in Finland
Dating of hair: radiocarbon dates and DNA from individual animal hairs
Dating of iron artefacts: the Himeji nail and the Damascus sword
Dating of pottery: the earliest pottery in Japan
Dating of rock art: Palaeolithic cave paintings in Spain and France
Radiometric Dating 2: Dating Using Long-Lived and Short-Lived Radioactive Isotopes
Argon-Isotope Dating
Principles of Potassium-Argon Dating
Principles of Argon-Argon Dating
Some Assumptions and Problems Associated with Potassium-Argon and Argon-Argon Dating
Some Applications of Potassium-Argon and Argon-Argon Dating
Potassium-argon and argon-argon dating of the dispersal of Early Pleistocene hominids
[superscript 40]Ar/[superscript 39]Ar dating of anatomically modern Homo sapiens from Ethiopia
[superscript 40]Ar/[superscript 39]Ar dating of historical materials: the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79
[superscript 40]Ar/[superscript 39]Ar dating and geological provenancing of a stone axe from Stonehenge, England
Uranium-Series Dating
Principles of U-Series Dating
Some Problems Associated with U-Series Dating
Some Applications of U-Series Dating
Dating the Last Interglacial high sea-level stand in Hawaii
Dating of early hominid remains from China
Dating of a speleothem from northern Norway
Dating of fluvial terraces in Wyoming, USA
Cosmogenic Nuclide Dating
Principles of Cosmogenic Nuclide (CN) Dating
Sources of Error in CN Dating
Some Applications of CN Dating
Cosmogenic dating of two Late Pleistocene glacial advances in Alaska
Cosmogenic dating of the Salpausselka I formation in Finland
Cosmogenic dating of Holocene landsliding, The Storr, Isle of Skye, Scotland
Cosmogenic dating of alluvial deposits, Ajo Mountains, southern Arizona, USA
Dating Using Short-Lived Isotopes
Lead-210 ([superscript 210]Pb)
Caesium-137 ([superscript 137]Cs)
Silicon-32 ([superscript 32]Si)
Some Problems in Using Short-Lived Isotopes
Some Dating Applications Using Short-Lived Isotopes
Dating a record of human impact in a lake sequence in northern England
Dating a 500-year lake sediment/temperature record from Baffin Island, Canada
[superscript 32]Si dating of marine sediments from Bangladesh
Radiometric Dating 3: Radiation Exposure Dating
Luminescence Dating
Thermoluminescence (TL)
Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL)
Sources of Error in Luminescence Dating
Some Applications of Luminescence Dating
TL dating of Early Iron Age iron smelting in Ghana
TL and AMS radiocarbon dating of pottery from the Russian Far East
TL dating of burnt flint from a cave site in France
TL dating of the first humans in South America
OSL dating of young coastal dunes in the northern Netherlands
OSL dating of dune sands from Blombos Cave, South Africa: single and multiple grain data
OSL dating of fluvial deposits in the lower Mississippi Valley, USA
OSL dating of marine deposits in Denmark
Electron Spin Resonance Dating
Principles of ESR Dating
Sources of Error in ESR Dating
Some Applications of ESR Dating
ESR dating of teeth from the Hoxnian Interglacial type locality, England
ESR dating of mollusc shells from the Northern Caucasus and the earliest humans in eastern Europe
ESR dating of Holocene coral: an experimental approach
ESR dating of quartz: the Toba super-eruption
Fission Track Dating
Principles of Fission Track Dating
Some Problems Associated with Fission Track Dating
Some Applications of Fission Track Dating
Fission track dating of glacial events in Argentina
Fission track dating of a Middle Pleistocene fossiliferous sequence from central Italy
Dating of obsidian in the Andes, South America, and the sourcing of artefacts
Dating Using Annually Banded Records
Principles of Dendrochronology
Problems Associated with Dendrochronology
Dendrochronological Series
Applications of Dendrochronology
Dating a 2000-year temperature record for the northern hemisphere
Dating historical precipitation records
Dating volcanic events
Dating archaeological evidence
Varve Chronology
The Nature of Varved Sediments
Sources of Error in Varve Chronologies
Applications of Varve Chronologies
Dating regional patterns of deglaciation in Scandinavia
Dating prehistoric land-use changes
Dating long-term climatic and environmental changes
Varve sequences and the radiocarbon timescale
Principles of Lichenometric Dating
Problems Associated with Lichenometric Dating
Lichenometry and Late Holocene Environments
Dating post-Little Ice Age glacier recession in Norway
Dating rock glaciers and Little Ice Age moraines in the Sierra Nevada, western USA
Dating Late Holocene rockfall activity on a Norwegian talus slope
Dating archaeological features on raised shorelines in northern Sweden
Annual Layers in Glacier Ice
Ice-Core Chronologies
Errors in Ice-Core Chronologies
Ice Cores and the Quaternary Palaeoenvironmental Record
Dating climatic instability as revealed in the Greenland ice cores
Dating rapid climate change: the end of the Younger Dryas in Greenland
Dating long-term variations in atmospheric Greenhouse Trace Gases
Dating human impact on climate as reflected in ice-core records
Other Media Dated by Annual Banding
Dating a proxy record for twentieth-century precipitation from Poole's Cavern, England
Dating climate variability in central China over the last 1270 years
Dating a 420-year-coral-based palaeoenvironmental record from the southwestern Pacific
Dating a 240-year palaeoprecipitation record from Florida, USA
The development of a sclerochronology using the long-lived bivalve Arctica islandica
The development of a 'clam-ring' master chronology from a short-lived bivalve mollusc and its palaeoenvironmental significance
Relative Dating Methods
Rock Surface Weathering
Surface Weathering Features
Problems in Using Surface Weathering Features to Establish Relative Chronologies
Applications of Surface Weathering Dating
Relative dating of Holocene glacier flucturations in the Nepal Himalaya
Relative dating of periglacial trimlines in northwest Scotland
Relative dating of archaeological features by Lake Superior, Canada
Obsidian Hydration Dating
The Hydration Layer
Problems with Obsidian Hydration Dating
Some Applications of Obsidian Hydration Dating
Dating of a Pleistocene age site, Manus Island, Papua New Guinea
Dating of fluvially reworked sediment in Montana, USA
Soil Development Indices
Problems in Using Pedogenesis as a Basis for Dating
Some Applications of Dating Based on Pedogenesis
Relative dating of moraines in the Sierra Nevada, California
Dating glacial events in southeastern Peru
Relative Dating of Fossil Bone
Post-Burial Changes in Fossil Bone
Problems in the Relative Dating of Bone
Some Applications of the Relative Dating of Bone
Fluoride dating of mastodon bone from an early palaeoindian site, eastern USA
Chemical dating of animal bones from Sweden
Amino Acid Geochronology
Proteins and Amino Acids
Amino Acid Diagenesis
Problems with Amino Acid Geochronology
Applications of Amino Acid Geochronlogy
Dating and correlation of the last interglacial shoreline ([similar]MOI substage 5e) in Australia using aminostratigraphy
Quaternary aminostratigraphy in northwestern France based on non-marine molluscs
Dating the earliest modern humans in southern Africa using amino acid ratios in ostrich eggshell
Dating sea-level change in the Bahamas over the last half million years
Techniques for Establishing Age Equivalence
Oxygen Isotope Chronostratigraphy
Marine Oxygen Isotope Stages
Dating the Marine Oxygen Isotope Record
Problems with the Marine Oxygen Isotope Record
Tephras in Quaternary Sediments
Dating of Tephra Horizons
Problems with Tephrochronology
Applications of Tephrochronology
Dating the first human impact in New Zealand using tephrochronology
Dating and correlating events in the North Atlantic region during the Last Glacial-Interglacial transition using tephrochronology
Dating Middle Pleistocene artefacts and cultural traditions in East Africa using tephrostratigraphy
Dating Early and Middle Pleistocene glaciations in Yukon by tephrochronology
The Earth's Magnetic Field
The Palaeomagnetic Record in Rocks and Sediments
Polarity changes and the palaeomagnetic timescale
Secular variations
Mineral magnetic potential
Some Problems with Palaeomagnetic Dating
Applications of Palaeomagnetic Dating
Dating lake sediments using palaeosecular variations
Palaeomagnetic correlations between Scandinavian Ice Sheet fluctuations and Greenland ice-core records
Palaeomagnetic dating of the earliest humans in Europe
Palaeomagnetic dating of the Sterkfontein hominid, South Africa
The Nature of Palaeosols
Palaeosols as Soil-Stratigraphic Units
Some Problems with Using Palaeosols to Establish Age Equivalence
Applications of Palaeosols in the Establishment of Age Equivalence
Buried palaeosols on the Avonmouth Level, southwest England: stratigraphic markers in Holocene intertidal sediments
The Valley Farm and Barham Soils: key stratigraphic marker horizons in southeast England
Correlation between the Chinese loess-palaeosol sequence and the deep-ocean core record for the past 2.5 million years
Dating the Future
Radiometric Dating
Annually Banded Records
Age Equivalence
Biomolecular Dating
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