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Introduction to Coordination Chemistry

ISBN-10: 0470519312

ISBN-13: 9780470519318

Edition: 2nd 2010

Authors: Geoffrey A. Lawrance

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 12/18/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 306
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Preface
Preamble
The Central Atom
Key Concepts in Coordination Chemistry
A Who's Who of Metal Ions
Commoners and 'Uncommoners'
Redefining Commoners
Metals in Molecules
Metals in the Natural World
Metals in Contrived Environments
Natural or Made-to-Measure Complexes
The Road Ahead
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Ligands
Membership: Being a Ligand
What Makes a Ligand?
Making Attachments-Coordintion
Putting the Bite on Metals-Chelation
Do I Look Big on That?-Chelate Ring Size
Different Tribes-Donor Group Variation
Ligands with More Bite-Denticity
Monodentate Ligands-The Simple Type
Basic Binders
Amines Ain't Ammines-Ligand Families
Meeting More Metals-Bridging Ligands
Greed is Good-Polydentate Ligands
The Simple Chelate
More Teeth, Stronger Bite-Polydentates
Many-Armed Monsters-Introducing Ligand Shape
Polynucleating Species-Molecular Bigamists
When One is Not Enough
Vive la Difference-Mixed-metal Complexation
Supersized- Binding to Macromolecules
A Separate Race-Organometallic Species
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Complexes
The Central Metal Ion
Metal-Ligand Marriage
The Coordinate Bond
The Foundation of Coordination Chemistry
Complex Shape - Not Just Any Which Way
Holding On - The Nature of Bonding in Metal Complexes
An Ionic Bonding Model - Introducing Crystal Field Theory
A Covalent Bonding Model - Embracing Molecular Orbital Theory
Ligand Field Theory - Making Compromises
Bonding Models Extended
Coupling - Polymetallic Complexes
Making Choices
Selectivity - Of all the Molecules in all the World, Why This One?
Preferences - Do You Like What I Like?
Complex Lifetimes - Together, Forever?
Complexation Consequences
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Shape
Getting in Shape
Forms of Complex Life - Coordination Number and Shape
One Coordination (ML)
Two Coordination (ML<sub>2</sub>)
Three Coordination (ML<sub>3</sub>)
Four Coordination (ML<sub>4</sub>)
Five Coordination (ML<sub>5</sub>)
Six Coordination (ML<sub>6</sub>)
Higher Coordination Numbers (ML<sub>7</sub> to ML<sub>9</sub>)
Influencing Shape
Metallic Genetics - Metal Ion Influences
Moulding a Relationship - Ligand Influences
Chameleon Complexes
Isomerism - Real 3D Effects
Introducing Stereoisomers
Constitutional (Structural) Isomerism
Stereoisomerism: in Place -Positional Isomers; in Space - Optical Isomers
What's Best? - Isomer Preferences
Sophisticated Shapes
Compounds of Polydentate Ligands
Encapsulation Compounds
Host-Guest Molecular Assemblies
Defining Shape
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Stability
The Makings of a Stable Relationship
Bedded Down-Thermodynamic Stability
Factors Influencing Stability of Metal Complexes
Overall Stability Constants
Undergoing Change - Kinetic Stability
Complexation - Will It Last?
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability
Kinetic Rate Constants
Lability and Inertness in Octahedral Complexes
Reactions
A New Partner-Substitution
A New Body-Stereochemical Change
A New Face - Oxidation-Reduction
A New Suit - Ligand-centred Reactions
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Synthesis
Molecular Creation - Ways to Make Complexes
Core Metal Chemistry - Periodic Table Influences
s Block: Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
p Block: Main Group Metals
d Block: Transition Metals
f Block: Inner Transition Metals (Lanthanoids and Actinoids)
Beyond Natural Elements
Reactions Involving the Coordination Shell
Ligand Substitution Reactions in Aqueous Solution
Substitution Reactions in Nonaqueous Solvents
Substitution Reactions without using a Solvent
Chiral Complexes
Catalysed Reactions
Reactions Involving the Metal Oxidation State
Reactions Involving Coordinated Ligands
Metal-directed Reactions
Reactions of Coordinated Ligands
Organometallic Synthesis
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Properties
Finding Ways to Make Complexes Talk - Investigative Methods
Getting Physical - Methods and Outcomes
Probing the Life of Complexes - Using Physical Methods
Peak Performance Illustrating Selected Physical Methods
Pretty in Red? - Colour and the Spectrochemical Series
A Magnetic Personality? - Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism
Ligand Field Stabilization
Concept Keys
Further Reading
A Complex Life
Life's a Metal Ion
Biological Ligands
Metal Ions in Biology
Classes of Metallobiomolecules
Metalloproteins and Metalloenzymes
Iron-containing Biomolecules
Copper-containing Biomolecules
Zinc-containing Biomolecules
Other Metal-containing Biomolecules
Mixed-Metal Proteins
Doing What Comes Unnaturally - Synthetic Biomolecules
A Laboratory-free Approach - In Silico Prediction
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Complexes and Commerce
Kill or Cure? - Complexes as Drugs
Introducing Metallodrugs
Anticancer Drugs
Other Metallodrugs
How Much? - Analysing with Complexes
Fluoroimmunoassay
Fluoroionophores
Profiting from Complexation
Metal Extraction
Industrial Roles for Ligands and Coordination Complexes
Being Green
Complexation in Remediation
Better Ways to Synthesize Fine Organic Chemicals
Complex Futures
Taking Stock
Crystal Ball Gazing
Concept Keys
Further Reading
Nomenclature
Molecular Symmetry: The Point Group
Index