Essentials of Comparative Politics

ISBN-10: 0393928764

ISBN-13: 9780393928761

Edition: 2nd 2006

Authors: O'neil

List price: $40.00
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Essentials of Comparative Politics supplies a framework that enables students to navigate and organize the material they will encounter in the courseand to make increasingly sophisticated comparisons between actual countries. In the first chapter, Patrick O'Neil explains the basic methodologies of comparative politics, discusses current issues and debates in the field, and introduces two themes that will inform the textthe importance of institutions to all political systems and the fundamental struggle between freedom and equality. The subsequent chapters are organized thematically, beginning with the basic concepts of politicsthe state, nations and society, and political economyand building to discussions of the challenges facing different types of political systems today. Throughout, Professor O'Neil incorporates analysis of the transformative events of recent historyamong them the fall of communism, the accelerating spread of democracy, the economic growth of Asia, globalization, and responses to the attacks of September 11th 2001.
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Book details

List price: $40.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/17/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

List of Maps
About the Author
What Is Comparative Politics?
The Comparative Method
Quantitative versus Qualitative Research
Debates in Comparative Politics
A Guiding Approach: Political Institutions
A Guiding Idea: Reconciling Freedom and Equality
In Sum: Looking Ahead
Defining the State
The Origins of Political Organization
The Rise of the Modern State
Comparing State Power
Centralization or Decentralization
In Sum: Studying States
Nations and Society
Ethnic Identity
National Identity
Citizenship and Patriotism
Ethnic Identity, National Identity, and Citizenship: Origins and Persistence
Sources of Ethnic and National Conflict
Political Attitudes and Political Ideology
Political Attitudes
Political Ideology
Fundamentalism and the Crisis of Ideology
Political Culture
In Sum: Society and Politics
Political Economy
The Components of Political Economy
Markets and Property
Public Goods
Social Expenditures: Who Benefits?
Money, Inflation, and Unemployment
Political-Economic Systems
Social Democracy
Political-Economic Systems and the State: Comparing Outcomes
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Gini Index
Human Development Index (HDI)
The Future of Political Economy
In Sum: The End of Economic History?
Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism
Defining Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism
Sources of Nondemocratic Rule
Economic Sources of Nondemocratic Rule
Societal Sources of Nondemocratic Rule
Nondemocratic Regimes and Political Control
Coercion and Surveillance
Personality Cults
Nondemocratic Regimes and Legitimacy
Types of Nondemocratic Rule
Personal and Monarchical Rule
Military Rule
One-Party Rule
Illiberal Regimes
In Sum: Nondemocratic Regimes in Retreat?
What Is Democracy?
The Origins of Liberal Democracy and the Rule of Law
Athenian Democracy and Roman Republicanism
England: The Birthplace of Liberal Democracy
Institutionalizing Democracy
Participation: Voting and Elections
Electoral Systems
Referendum and Initiative
Competition: Political Parties and the Separation of Powers
Political Parties
The Separation of Powers
Liberty: Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and Civil Society
In Sum: Future Challenges to Democracy
Advanced Democracies
Defining Advanced Democracy
Freedom and Equality in Advanced Democracies
Advanced Democracies Today
States and Sovereignty: Challenges and Opportunities
The European Union: Integration, Expansion, and Resistance
Devolution and Democracy
Social Change and Conflict
Postmodern Values and Organization
Diversity, Identity, and the Challenge to Postmodern Values
Economic Change
Maintaining the Welfare State
In Sum: The Advanced Democracies in Transition
Communism and Postcommunism
Communism, Equality, and the Nature of Human Relations
Revolution and the "Triumph" of Communism
Putting Communism into Practice
Communist Political Economy
Societal Institutions under Communism
The Collapse of Communism
Political Institutions in Transition
Reorganizing the State and Constructing a Democratic Regime
Evaluating Political Transitions
Economic Institutions in Transition
Privatization and Marketization
Evaluating Economic Transitions
Societal Institutions in Transition
Re-creating Identities
Evaluating Societal Transitions
In Sum: The Legacy of Communism
Less-Developed and Newly Industrializing Countries
Freedom and Equality in the Newly Industrializing and Less-Developed Countries
Imperialism and Colonialism
Institutions of Imperialism
Exporting the State
Social Identities
Dependent Development
The Challenges of Postimperialism
Building State Capacity and Autonomy
Forging Social Identities
Generating Economic Growth
Prospects for Democracy and Development
Rebuilding State Power
Supporting Civil Society
Promoting Economic Prosperity
In Sum: The Challenges of Development
What Is Globalization?
Institutions and Globalization
Political Globalization
Economic Globalization
Societal Globalization
Globalization: Myths and Realities
Is Globalization New?
Is Globalization Exaggerated?
Is Globalization Inevitable?
In Sum: Freedom and Equality in a Globalized World
Political Violence
What Is Political Violence?
Why Political Violence?
Institutional Explanations
Ideational Explanations
Individual Explanations
Forms of Political Violence
Terrorism and Revolution: Means and Ends
Political Violence in Context: Faith, Terrorism, and Revolution
Countering Political Violence
In Sum: Meeting the Challenge of Political Violence
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