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NASA's Scientist-Astronauts

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ISBN-10: 0387218971

ISBN-13: 9780387218977

Edition: 2007

Authors: Colin Burgess, David J. Shayler, Shayler David

List price: $49.99
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Mounting pressure in the early 1960s from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to study ways of expanding the role of astronauts to conduct science on future space missions led to NASAs conclusion that flying scientifically trained crewmembers would generate greater returns from each mission. NASA and industry studies continued investigating possibilities that could lead to the eventual creation of the first space stations using surplus Apollo hardware, through the Apollo Applications Programme (AAP). There was also a growing interest within the military to create their own manned space station programme, conducting on-orbit experiments and research with strategic advantages for national…    
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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Springer New York
Publication date: 9/18/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 543
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.530
Language: English

Major Colin Burgess worked as equerry to the Queen Mother between 1994 and 1996 and was made a Member of the Victorian Order by the Queen at an investiture at Buckingham Palace. Since leaving active service, Colin has worked in television production and management, producing more than 87 broadcast documentaries. Paul Carter is a sports journalist and is the editor of "Sunday Sport,"

Authors' Preface
List of Illustrations
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations
Other Works
The Wrong Stuff
Organising the effort
A manned satellite project
Orbital piloted spaceship of the Soviet Union
Security over science?
Who should or could fly?
Requirements for astronaut selection - the USAF approach
Requirements for astronaut selection - the NASA approach
The first cosmonauts
Pilot-astronauts not scientist-astronauts
Science and manned space flight
NASA's long-term planning 1959-64
In a packed programme
Science and manned orbital space flight 1961-76
Salyut, Skylab and Spacelab - orbital research labs for scientists?
Scientists as Astronauts
An essential part of future exploration
Under careful study
Taking immediate steps
Reasonably strong case for immediate selection
Selecting the selection board
A change in selection criteria
A new breed of astronaut
Going through the process
NASA's astronaut selection process
Scientists as cosmonauts
Voskhod - the first opportunities
Academy of Sciences Cosmonaut Group
Lack of assignments
Demise of the scientist-cosmonaut group
Waiting for the call
Military scientists
Physician cosmonauts
Other selections
Science not a priority
Changes in selection
A good career move?
The Scientific Six
A gamble for glory
A propaganda machine
Testing the candidates
Garriott's diary
The chosen few
Owen K. Garriott
In the footsteps of pioneers
An interesting proposition
Edward G. Gibson
An inauspicious start
Changing careers
Joseph P. Kerwin
Just like Copernicus
Flight surgeon school
F. Curtis Michel
A career in science
Rice University
Harrison H. Schmitt
Hereditary interest in geology
Looking at the Moon
Duane E. Graveline
Early influences
Flight surgeon
A time of devastation
Other roads to travel
The "almost" scientist-astronauts (1965)
School for Scientists
Flight training
Screaming Purvis
Technical assignments and the AAP Office
Work begins in earnest
General training
General training plan - 1966
General training overview
Science and technology summary courses
Operational briefings
Spacecraft systems training
Wilderness and survival training
Control task training
Launch vehicle abort training
Aircraft flight programme
A hectic diary
The Excess Eleven
A second selection
The screening process
The Group Six selection
Joseph P. Allen IV
A distinguished heritage
Deciding on a future
Philip K. Chapman
Growing up in Australia
International Geophysical Year
Anthony W. England
A family on the move
A real turning point
Karl G. Henize
Just like Daniel Boone
The skies and a thesis
Donald L. Holmquest
A strong educational discipline
Applying to NASA
William B. Lenoir
A natural-born engineer
Research for Apollo
John A. Llewellyn
Early influences
Working in Ottawa
F. Story Musgrave
A childhood filled with despair
Settling into the Marine Corps
Brian T. O'Leary
The influence of the heavens
Overcoming the obstacles
Robert A.R. Parker
Astronomy beckons
Reasons against selection
William E. Thornton
A fascination with anything aeronautical
Introducing electronics into medicine
The other "almost" scientist-astronauts (1967)
"Flying Is Just Not My Cup of Tea"
Knuckling down to the task
Back to school
Flight training
Strapping on the jets
Eleven becomes ten, then nine
Looking to the future
Jobs on the line
Losing the Moon
Putting things in perspective
A Geologist on the Moon
Supporting Apollo
Vacuum testing Apollo
Chamber testing the Block I CSM
Chamber testing the Block II CSM
Qualifying the Lunar Receiving Laboratory
An experiment package for the Moon
After Apollo?
Apollo or Skylab
Supporting the landings
Mission scientist for the Moon
A stroll or a ride?
Lost missions and a crew change
An uncertain future
Juggling the rockets
A difficult decision is made
Selecting the last landing site
A place called Taurus-Littrow
A crew is formed
Setting off for the final time
The Moon looms larger
A "go" for landing
A geologist walks on the Moon
Preparing for the task
The proudest moment
Finding orange soil
Last steps on the lunar surface
Heading home
Deep-space EVA
Journey's end
What the future may hold
The end of the beginning
Laboratories in the Sky
Michel resigns
A dissatisfied customer
Turning to Apollo Applications
Possibilities fade
Looking back
Skylab - A space station for America
Applying Apollo to other goals
Mercury-Gemini-Apollo-the Moon
Applying skills to AAP
Supporting AAP
Science pilots for Skylab
Skylab assignments
Supporting Skylab
Skylab support roles
Dr. Bill and SMEAT
Science pilot training
Reviewing the Skylab training programme
Skylab - Human experience
The first manned mission (Skylab 2 - 25 May-22 Jun 1973)
The second manned mission (Skylab 3 - 28 Jul-25 Sep 1973)
The third manned mission (Skylab 4 - 16 Nov 1973-18 Feb 1974)
Skylab Rescue - a fifth mission?
Skylab B
Shuttling into Space
Space Shuttle - A Reliable Access to Space?
"An entirely new type of space transportation system"
Reorganising the scientist-astronaut office
Simulating Spacelab
Shuttle's laboratory
Ground and airborne simulations
Airborne Science/Spacelab Experiment System Simulation (ASSESS)
Learjet simulation programme 1972-4
Learjet 4 simulation mission
Origins of ASSESS
Scientist-astronauts' role on Space Shuttle missions
Defining the role of mission specialist
ASSESS-II crew assignments
Training for ASSESS-II
ASSESS-II in flight
Spacelab medical simulations
SMD-III an overview
The value of participation
Mission specialists for the Shuttle
Other early Spacelab assignments
Selecting the first Spacelab crew
The Long Wait
Supporting the Shuttle
Thirty-five new guys
"America's greatest flying machine"
STS-5: we deliver
Assigning the first mission specialists
The challenge and the responsibility
The first operational Shuttle mission
Upgrading the Columbia
A laid-back approach to launch
Welcome to space
We deliver!
No EVA this time
Flying for work, not comfort
Experiments and hardware
STS-6: the challenge of EVA
Musgrave's STS-6 training load
Challenger flies
Story's story
Medicine takes precedence over Earth science
STS-8: Dr. Bill flies
A workaholic astronaut
Dr. Bill's orbital clinic
First Shuttle night launch and night landing
Thornton's "chamber of horrors"
Reality of space flight
A long wait and a short wait
STS-9/Spacelab 1
Occupying the Spacelab module
More doctors than pilots
A busy schedule
Problems and progress
Monkeying around with the media
A fire on landing
STS 51-A: we deliver and pick up - twice
Deployment and retrieval
Flight-specific EVA training
Satellites for sale - the fourteenth Shuttle mission
"Mighty Joe" returns to space
A bone-rattling lift-off
A butter cookie for good luck
Flying free
Having your hands full
Fun in space
STS 51-B: Spacelab 3 and those monkeys
The second Spacelab mission
Thornton's return
Monkeys and men
Problem after problem
Running around the world
Back on the ground
STS 51-F: Spacelab 2 and three scientist-astronauts
False starts but a fine mission
A long preparation
Spain or Earth orbit?
Karl flying high
Taking the last chance to fly
Another trip into space?
Ending of Eras
Moving on - life after space flight
Joe Kerwin - Skylab-Shuttle-Space Station
Astronaut Office - circa spring 1984
After Spacelab 1
Lenoir departs - and comes back
Joe Allen and the ISF
CB points of contact for Flight Data File - November 1985
After Challenger
Tony England - Losing Sunlab and back to teaching
Karl Henize - new mountains to climb
Owen Garriott - EOM and SPEDO
Return-to-flight and a return to space
Bill Thornton
An astronomer for Astro
Forty days from Halley's Comet
Temporary duty in Washington
Astro-1 flies - eventually
Parker's role on Astro-1
Back to Washington
Six missions and thirty years
Education and mission support
Military Musgrave
Servicing Hubble
Back in the pool
Improving Musgrave's ratio
The last flight
"You can't fly anymore!"
All good things come to an end
Science Officers on ISS
Building a dream
From imagination to reality
Science on ISS
ISS science officer
Science officer - a job description
NASA's first ISS science officer
Saturday morning science - ISS Science Officer Two
A reduced role - ISS science officers 2003-5
Is the "science officer" really a science officer?
Future roles?
Are science officers today's scientist-astronauts?
Memories from orbit
Chronology of the NASA Scientist-Astronaut Programme
Scientist-Astronaut Careers and Experience
Spaceflight Records and EVA Experience
Profiles of the Seventeen
Where Are They Now?