History of Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0385470460

ISBN-13: 9780385470469

Edition: N/A

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Conceived originally as a serious presentation of the development of philosophy for Catholic seminary students, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A History Of Philosophy has journeyed far beyond the modest purpose of its author to universal acclaim as the best history of philosophy in English.
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Book details

List price: $19.99
Publisher: Crown Publishing Group
Publication date: 2/1/1994
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Born in Taunton, England, Frederick Copleston received his M.A. from Oxford University and his Ph.D. from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1930 and became an ordained priest in 1937. Throughout his academic career, he remained committed to his Roman Catholic faith, apparent in his writing and his treatment of philosophical issues. Focusing primarily on the history of philosophy, Copleston taught at various universities in England, Italy, and the United States. His published work includes individual volumes on such major philosophers as Friedrich Nietzsche and Arthur Schopenhauer. He also has written books devoted to particular movements, including logical positivism and existentialism, and has written on particular issues, including the relation of religion to philosophy and the relation of philosophy to culture. Sometimes he has concentrated his attention on specific geographical or social regions; his Philosophy in Russia (1988) reflects this latter approach. Not only has Copleston published numerous monographs, but also his writing has been excerpted and collected in everything from texts of introductory readings to volumes of essays about specialized, technical philosophical issues. Earlier in his career, Copleston sometimes found himself pitted in popular public debates against a famous advocate of atheism, Bertrand Russell. Among beginning philosophers and veterans alike, however, Copleston's most important academic contribution will remain his nine-volume History of Philosophy (1946--74). In his attempt to span the full sweep of Western philosophical development, Copleston starts with the pre-Socratics. In each volume, he devotes several hundred pages to a particular epoch in the history of Western philosophy, explaining dominant, representative figures as well as significant movements and covering each period and line of thought. Generally, Copleston tries to reproduce the actual pattern of argument expressed in the writings of major philosophical figures, offering critical insights throughout the course of his exposition. Copleston's final volume brings his coverage of Western philosophy up through the writings of Jean-Paul Sartre. Copleston's discussions are fair, balanced, and faithful to the original text. His interpretations provide a standard, mainstream understanding of the growth of Western philosophy. Because his understanding of the history of philosophy has been so widely respected for so long, even more advanced philosophers often find themselves checking their grasp of major figures or movements by reference to Copleston's work.

From the Revolution to Auguste Comte
The Traditionalist Reaction to the Revolution
Introductory remarks
De Maistre
De Bonald
Traditionalism and the Church
The Ideologists and Maine de Biran
The ideologists
Maine de Biran: life and writings
Philosophical development
Psychology and knowledge
Levels of human life
The label
Social Philosophy
General remarks
The utopianism of Fourier
Saint-Simon and the development of society
Proudhon: anarchism and syndicalism
Marx on the French socialists
Auguste Comte
Life and writings
The three stages in human development
The classification and methodology of the sciences
Tasks of the philosopher in the positive era
The science of man: social statics and social dynamics
The Great Being and the religion of humanity
From Auguste Comte to Henri Bergson
Positivism in France
E. Littre and his criticism of Comte
C. Bernard and the experimental method
E. Renan: positivism and religion
H. Taine and the possibility of metaphysics
E. Durkheim and the development of sociology
L. Levy-Bruhl and morals
Neo-Criticism and Idealism
Cournot and inquiry into basic concepts
The neo-criticism and personalism of Renouvier
Hamelin and idealist metaphysics
Brunschvicg and the mind's reflection on its own activity
The Spiritualist Movement
The term 'spiritualism'
The philosophy of Ravaisson
J. Lachelier and the bases of induction
Boutroux and contingency
A. Fouillee on idees-forces
M. J. Guyau and the philosophy of life
Henri Bergson (1)
Life and works
Bergson's idea of philosophy
Time and freedom
Memory and perception: the relation between spirit and matter
Instinct, intelligence and intuition in the context of the theory of evolution
Henri Bergson (2)
Introductory remarks
Closed morality
Open morality: the interpretation of the two types
Static religion as a defence against the dissolvent power of intelligence
Dynamic religion and mysticism
From Bergson to Sartre
Philosophy and Christian Apologetics
Olle-Laprune on moral certitude
Blondel and the way of immanence
Laberthonniere and Christian philosophy
Some remarks on modernism
Thomism in France
Introductory remarks: D. J. Mercier
Garrigou-Lagrange and Sertillanges
J. Maritain
E. Gilson
P. Rousselot and A. Forest
J. Marechal
Philosophy of Science
H. Poincare
P. Duhem
G. Milhaud
E. Meyerson
A. Lalande
G. Bachelard
Philosophy of Values, Metaphysics, Personalism
General remarks
R. Polin
Metaphysics of values: R. Le Senne and the philosophy of spirit
R. Ruyer and J. Pucelle
L. Lavelle and the philosophy of act
The personalism of E. Mounier
Two Religious Thinkers
Teilhard de Chardin
G. Marcel
Differences in outlook
The Existentialism of Sartre (1)
Life and writings
Pre-reflective and reflexive consciousness: the imagining and the emotive consciousness
Phenomenal being and being in itself
Being for itself
The freedom of being for itself
Consciousness of others
Atheism and values
The Existentialism of Sartre (2)
Sartre and Marxism
The aims of the Critique
Individual praxis
The anti-dialectic and the domination of the practicoinert
The group and its fate
Critical comments
The Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty
A. Camus: the absurd and the philosophy of revolt
Merleau-Ponty: the body-subject and its world
Merleau-Ponty and Marxism
Levi-Strauss and man
A Short Bibliography
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