Literature An Introduction to Reading and Writing

ISBN-10: 0321851560

ISBN-13: 9780321851567

Edition: 10th 2012

List price: $141.47
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This anthology focuses on writing about literature which is integrated in every chapter.  Each element  (i.e. character, setting, tone) is covered by a sample student essay and commentary on the essay.  33 MLA —Format Demonstrative student essays serve as models for good student writing. Three NEW chapters on research–one each for fiction, poetry and drama–feature full MLA-style research papers annotated to point out research information specific to each genre. NEW-MLA document maps:  These visual representations help students locate key information on frequently-cited sources such as books and websites. NEW "visualizing" sectionson fiction, poetry and drama each feature a section devoted to images that represent key literary principles or visual-based media within the genre. Color insert—This insert features works of art and connects them to various pieces of literature throughout the book.  These images help reinforce the themes found in the literature.  Fifty short illustrative writing examples embody the strategies and methods described in the various chapters and appendices.   
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Book details

List price: $141.47
Edition: 10th
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 4/24/2012
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 2048
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.50" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.542
Language: English

the Process of Reading, Responding to, and Writing About Literature
What Is Literature, and Why Do We Study It?
Types of Literature: the Genres
Reading Literature and Responding to It Actively
Alice Walker Everyday Use
Mrs. Johnson, with her daughter Maggie, is visited by her citified daughter Dee, whose return home is accompanied by surprises.
Reading and Responding in a Computer File or Notebook
Sample Notebook Entries on Walker's "Everyday Use"
Major Stages in Thinking and Writing about Literary Topics: Discovering Ideas, Preparing to Write, Making an Initial Draft of Your Essay, and Completing the Essay
Writing Does Not Come Easily-for Anyone
The Goal of Writing: to Show a Process of Thought
Discovering Ideas ("Brainstorming")
Study the Characters in the Work
Determine the Work's Historical Period and Background
Analyze the Work's Economic and Social Conditions
Explain the Work's Major Ideas
Describe the Work's Artistic Qualities
Explain Any Other Approaches That Seem Important
Preparing to Write
Build Ideas from Your Original Notes
Trace Patterns of Action and Thought
The Need for the Actual Physical Process of Writing
Raise and Answer Your Own Questions
Put Ideas Together Using a Plus-Minus, Pro-Con, or Either-Or Method
Originate and Develop Your Thoughts Through Writing
Making an Initial Draft of Your Essay
Base Your Essay on a Central Idea, Argument, or Statement
The Need for a Sound Argument in Essays About Literature
Create a Thesis Sentence as Your Guide to Organization
Begin Each Paragraph with a Topic Sentence
Select Only One Topic-No More-for Each Paragraph
Referring to the Names of Authors
Use Your Topic Sentences as the Arguments for Your Paragraph Development
The Use of Verb Tenses in the Discussion of Literary Works
Develop an Outline as the Means of Organizing Your Essay
Basic Writing Types: Paragraphs and Essays
Paragraph Assignment
Illustrative Student Essay (First Draft): Mrs. Johnson's Overly Self-Assured Daughter, Dee, in Walker's "Everyday Use" (NEW)
Completing the Essay: Developing and Strengthening Your Essay Through Revision
Make Your Own Arrangement of Details and Ideas
Use Literary Material as Evidence to Support Your Argument
Always Keep to Your Point; Stick to It Tenaciously
Check Your Development and Organization
Try to Be Original
Write with Specific Readers as Your Intended Audience
Use Exact, Comprehensive, and Forceful Language
Illustrative Student Essay (Improved Draft): Mrs. Johnson's Overly Self-Assured Daughter, Dee, in Walker's "Everyday Use" (NEW)
Commentary on the Essay
Essay Commentaries
A Summary of Guidelines
Writing Topics About the Writing Process
A Short Guide to the Use of References and Quotations in Essays About Literature
Integrate Passages and Ideas into Your Essay
Distinguish Your Thoughts from Those of Your Author
Integrate Material by Using Quotation Marks
Blend Quotations into Your Own Sentences
Indent Long Quotations and Set Them in Block Format
Use an Ellipsis to Show Omissions
Use Square Brackets to Enclose Words That You Add Within Quotations
Be Careful Not to Overquote
Preserve the Spellings in Your Source
Reading and Writing About Fiction
Fiction: An Overview
Modern Fiction
The Short Story
Elements of Fiction I: Verisimilitude and Donn�e
Elements of Fiction II: Character, Plot, Structure, and Idea or Theme
Elements of Fiction III: the Writer's Tools
Visualizing Fiction: Cartoons, Graphic Narratives, Graphic Novels
Dan Piraro, Bizarro � Art Spiegelman, from Maus (Expanded)
Stories For Study
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
A condemned man dreams of escape, freedom, and family.
'Mericans (NEW)
Through an evil act, a man learns goodness.
A Rose for Emily
Even seemingly ordinary people hide deep and bizarre mysteries.
the Things They Carried
During the Vietnam War, American soldiers carry not only their weighty equipment but many memories.
Luigi Pirandello War
During World War I in Italy, the loss of a loved one outweighs all rationalizations for the conflict.
Plot: the Motivation and Causality of Fiction
Writing About the Plot of a Story
Illustrative Student Essay: Plot in William Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily" (NEW)
Writing Topics About Plot in Fiction
Point of View: the Position or Stance of the Work's Narrator or Speaker
An Exercise in Point of View: Reporting an Accident
Conditions That Affect Point of View
Point of View and Opinions
Determining a Work's Point of View
Mingling Points of View
Point of View and Verb Tense
Summary: Guidelines for Points of View
Stories For Study
This is What it Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona (NEW)
Two old acquaintances friends embark on a journey to recover the body of one of their fathers.
Bill and Arlene Miller are looking after the apartment of the Stones, their neighbors, whose life seems to be brighter and fuller than theirs.
The Lottery
What would it be like if the prize at a community-sponsored lottery were not the cash that people ordinarily hope to win?
What I Have Been Doing Lately
Life develops from the repetition and recirculation of dreams and fantasies.
How to Become a Writer
There is more to becoming a writer than simply sitting down at a table and beginning to write.
Writing About Point of View
Illustrative Student Essay: Shirley Jackson's Dramatic Point of View in "The Lottery"
Writing Topics About Point of View
Characters: the People in Fiction
Character Traits
How Authors Disclose Character in Literature
Types of Characters: Round and Flat
Reality and Probability: Verisimilitude
Stories For Study
Greasy Lake (NEW)
Young men discover more than a way to kill time at this local hangout.
A husband and wife receive a blind visitor who affects the man's way of seeing things.
A Jury of Her Peers
In a small farmhouse kitchen, the wives of men investigating a murder discover significant evidence that forces them to make an urgent decision.
Miss Brill
Miss Brill goes to the park for a pleasant afternoon, but she does not find what she was expecting.
The Necklace
To go to a ball, Mathilde Loisel borrows a necklace from a rich friend, but her rhapsodic evening has unforeseen consequences.
Two Kinds
Jing-Mei leads her own kind of life despite the wishes and hopes of her mother.
A faithful follower describes an English general who was knighted for military brilliance.
Writing About Character
Illustrative Student Essay: The Character of Minnie Wright in Glaspell's "A Jury of Her Peers"
Writing Topics About Character
Setting: the Background of Place, Objects, and Culture in Stories
What Is Setting?
The Literary Uses of Setting
Stories For Study
Stephen Crane the Blue Hotel (NEW)
An introspective boy learns much about himself when he tries to keep a promise.
Lu Hsun My Old Home (NEW)
A man revisits his childhood home.
Swaddling Clothes (NEW)
A young woman confronts the realities of life in the lower classes in turn of the century Japan.
The Shawl
Can a mother in a Nazi concentration camp save her starving and crying baby?
Writing About Setting
Illustrative Student Essay: The Interaction of Story and Setting in James Joyce's "Araby" (NEW)
Writing Topics About Setting
Structure: the Organization of Stories
Formal Categories of Structure
Formal and Actual Structure
Stories For Study
Battle Royal
An intelligent black student, filled with hopes and dreams, is treated with monstrous indignity.
Saboteur (NEW)
Wrongfully detained, a man has revenge as a meal to celebrate his escape.
the Interpreter of Maladies (NEW)
A tour guide learns about a troubled American family on a visit to ruins.
Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?
A teenage girl is visited by an aggressive stranger who does not accept "no" for an answer.
A Worn Path
Phoenix Jackson, a devoted grandmother, walks a worn path on a mission of great love.
Blue Winds Dancing
A Native American student leaves college in California to spend Christmas in his hometown in Wisconsin.
Writing About Structure in a Story
Illustrative Student Essay: The Structure of Eudora Welty's "A Worn Path"
Writing Topics About Structure
Tone and Style: the Words That Convey Attitudes in Fiction
Diction: the Writer's Choice and Control of Words
Tone, Irony, and Style
Tone, Humor, and Style
Stories For Study
The Story of an Hour
Louise Mallard is shocked and grieved by news that her husband has been killed, but she is about to have an even greater shock.
Barn Burning
A young country boy grows in awareness, conscience, and individuality despite his hostile father.
Hills Like White Elephants
While waiting for a train, a man and woman reluctantly discuss an urgent situation.
The Found Boat
After winter snows have melted in a small Canadian community, young people start making discoveries about themselves.
First Confession
Jackie as a young man tells about his first childhood experience with confession.
A new employee is introduced to the rather unusual and surprising situations in the office.
John Updike A & P
As a checkout clerk at the A & P near the local beaches, Sammy learns about the consequences of a difficult choice.
Writing About Tone and Style
Illustrative Student Essay: Frank O'Connor's Control of Tone and Style in "First Confession"
Writing Topics About Tone and Style
Symbolism and Allegory: Keys to Extended Meaning
Fable, Parable, and Myth
Allusion in Symbolism and Allegory
Stories For Study
AESOP: The Fox and the Grapes
What do people think about things that they can't have?
Anonymous The Myth of Atalanta
In ancient times, how could a superior woman maintain power and integrity?
Young Goodman Brown
In colonial Salem, Goodman Brown has a bewildering encounter that changes his outlook on life.
A Hunger Artist
Public interest wanes even in a unique person.
LUKE The Parable of the Prodigal Son
Is there any limit to what a person can do to make divine forgiveness impossible?
A Marquez A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings
How do simple villagers respond to a miraculous visitor who appears in their town?
The Jilting of Granny Weatherall
As the end nears, Granny Weatherall has her memories and is surrounded by her loving adult children.
The Chrysanthemums
As a housewife on a small ranch, Elisa Allen experiences changes to her sense of self-worth.
Writing About Symbolism and Allegory
Illustrative Student Essay (Symbolism): Symbols of Light and Darkness in Porter's "The Jilting of Granny Weatherall"Second Illustrative Student Essay (Allegory): The Allegory of Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown"
Writing Topics About Symbolism and Allegory
Idea or Theme: the Meaning and the Message in Fiction
Ideas and Assertions
Ideas and Issues
Ideas and Values
The Place of Ideas in Literature
How to Find Ideas
Stories For Study
Sonny's Blues
A devoted brother describes how his brother, Sonny, is hurt by racial prejudice, and how Sonny finds fulfillment through love of music.
The Lesson
When a group of children visits a toy store for the wealthy, some of them draw conclusions about society and themselves.
The Lady with the Dog
Bored with life, Dmitri Gurov meets Anna Sergeyevna and discovers previously unknown emotions and extremely new problems.
The Horse Dealer's Daughter
Dr. Jack Fergusson and Mabel Pervin find, in each other's love, a new reason for being.
The Hammon and the Beans
Is American liberty restricted to people of only one group, or is it for everyone?
Writing About a Major Idea in Fiction
Illustrative Student Essay: D. H. Lawrence's "The Horse Dealer's Daughter" as an Expression of the Idea that Loving Commitment is Essential in Life
Writing Topics About Ideas
A Career in Fiction: Four Stories by Edgar Allan Poe with Critical Readings for Research
Poe's Life and Career
Poe's Work as a Journalist and Writer of Fiction
Poe's Reputation
Bibliographic Sources
Writing Topics About Poe
Four Stories by Edgar Allan POE (CHRONOLOGICALly arranged)
The Fall of the House of Usher (1839)
The Masque of the Red Death (1842)
The Black Cat (1843)
The Cask of Amontillado (1846)
Edited Selections from Criticism of Poe's Stories
Poe's Irony
the Narrators of "The Cask of Amontillado" and "The Fall of the House of Usher"
"The Fall of the House of Usher"
"The Black Cat" and "The Tell-Tale Heart"
"The Masque of the Red Death"
Symbolism in "The Masque of the Red Death"
"The Masque of the Red Death" as Representative of a "Diseased Age"
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