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International Business Law and Its Environment

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ISBN-10: 0314066330

ISBN-13: 9780314066336

Edition: 3rd 1996

Authors: Richard Schaffer, Beverley Earle, Filiberto Agusti

List price: $64.25
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This comprehensive international business law book takes a managerial approach. Examines ethical, cultural, economic and political issues throughout, with edited cases. The new edition reflects the latest political and economic realities with up-to-date cases and timely topics such as NAFTA, GATT, and various environmental issues. Now has a full chapter on environmental law (Ch. 20). The text's global focus is integrated throughout, including increased coverage of developing countries (Ch. 1). Selected end-of-chapter managerial implications have been revised and increased.
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Book details

List price: $64.25
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 1996
Publisher: West Publishing Company, College & School Division
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 650
Language: English

Table of Casesp. xxi
Table of Statutesp. xxv
List of Frequently Used Acronymsp. xxvii
Table of Web site URLsp. xxix
Prefacep. xxxiii
The Legal Environment of International Businessp. 2
Introduction to International Businessp. 4
Economic Interdependencep. 4
Forms of International Businessp. 6
Conducting Business in Developing Countriesp. 18
The Business Environment in Eastern Europe, Russia, and the Newly Independent Republics of the Former Soviet Unionp. 26
Managing the Risks of International Businessp. 27
Chapter Summaryp. 43
International Law and Organizationsp. 46
Public International Lawp. 46
The Role of the United Nations in the Public International Lawp. 55
Private International Lawp. 58
International Organizationsp. 63
Human Rights, Ethics, and Business' Responsep. 71
Chapter Summaryp. 72
The Resolution of International Disputesp. 74
Methods of Resolutionp. 74
Litigationp. 75
Enforcement of Foreign Judgmentsp. 87
Arbitrationp. 94
Mediationp. 98
Commercial Disputes with Nationsp. 99
Chapter Summaryp. 99
International Sales, Credits, and the Commercial Transactionp. 102
Sales Contracts and Excuses for Nonperformancep. 104
The Development of International Lawp. 104
The Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goodsp. 111
Validity and Formation of International Sales Contractsp. 113
Warranty Provisionsp. 126
Remedies for Breach of Contractp. 130
Events Beyond the Control of the Parties: Excuses for Nonperformancep. 136
Cultural Influences on Contract Negotiationsp. 141
Chapter Summaryp. 145
The Documentary Sale and Terms of Tradep. 149
Payment and Delivery Riskp. 149
The Documentary Salep. 150
Shipping Terms and the Risk of Lossp. 164
Chapter Summaryp. 174
The Carriage of Goods and the Liability of Air and Sea Carriersp. 177
Bailments and Common Carriersp. 177
The Liability of International Air Carriers: The Warsaw Conventionp. 178
The Montreal Convention of 1999p. 182
Liability for the Carriage of Goods by Seap. 183
Prospects for Major Revisions to COGSA in the United Statesp. 195
The Liability of Ocean Transportation Intermediariesp. 196
Marine Cargo Insurancep. 197
Carrier's Liability for Misdeliveryp. 203
Chapter Summaryp. 207
Bank Collections, Trade Finance, and Letters of Creditp. 209
The Bill of Exchangep. 209
Trade Financep. 211
The Documentary Letter of Creditp. 215
Countertradep. 235
Chapter Summaryp. 236
International and U.S. Trade Lawp. 240
National Lawmaking Powers and the Regulation of U.S. Tradep. 242
U.S. Trade Law and American Foreign Policyp. 242
The Separation of Powersp. 243
The Treaty Powerp. 246
The Equal-Dignity Rulep. 249
Executive Agreementsp. 249
Trade Agreementsp. 251
The President's Emergency Powersp. 255
Federal-State Relationsp. 263
Federal Agencies Affecting Tradep. 269
Chapter Summaryp. 271
GATT Law and the World Trade Organization: Basic Principlesp. 274
Import Barriers to Tradep. 274
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Tradep. 281
The World Trade Organizationp. 284
GATT/WTO Dispute-Settlement Proceduresp. 285
GATT 1994: Major Principles of Trade Lawp. 289
Nondiscrimination, Most Favored Nation Trade, and National Treatmentp. 291
National Treatmentp. 298
GATT and the Elimination of Quotasp. 298
Chapter Summaryp. 302
Regulating Import Competition and Unfair Tradep. 305
The Double-Edged Sword of Import Regulationp. 305
Safeguards Against Injuryp. 306
Unfair Import Laws: Dumping and Antidumping Dutiesp. 313
Unfair Import Laws: Subsidies and Countervailing Dutiesp. 322
Judicial Review in International Trade Casesp. 329
Stopping Trade in Goods Made by Convict or Forced Laborp. 329
Chapter Summaryp. 330
Laws Governing Access to Foreign Marketsp. 333
Technical Barriers to Tradep. 333
Import Licensing Proceduresp. 341
Government Procurementp. 341
Trade in Servicesp. 343
Trade in Agriculturep. 347
Trade in Textiles and Clothingp. 349
Other WTO Trade Agreementsp. 352
Trade Sanctions and U.S. Section 301: The Threat of Retaliationp. 353
Chapter Summaryp. 359
Imports, Customs, and Tariff Lawp. 363
The Administration of Customs and Tariff Lawsp. 363
Dutiable Status of Goodsp. 376
U.S. Trade Preferences for Developing Countriesp. 399
Other Customs Laws Affecting U.S. Importsp. 403
Chapter Summaryp. 406
North American Free Trade Lawp. 409
The North American Free Trade Areap. 410
Rules of Originp. 414
Trade in Goods: Sectoral Issuesp. 421
Trade in Servicesp. 423
Cross-Border Investmentp. 426
Other NAFTA Provisionsp. 429
Administration and Dispute Settlementp. 432
Assembly Plants and the Mexican Maquiladorap. 435
Chapter Summaryp. 438
The European Union and Other Regional Trade Areasp. 442
The Philosophy of Economic Integrationp. 442
European Unionp. 444
Other Regional Trade Areasp. 457
Chapter Summaryp. 463
The Regulation of Exportsp. 466
History of Export Controlsp. 467
Mechanics of the Lawp. 476
Diversionp. 480
Enforcementp. 481
Chapter Summaryp. 486
Regulation of the International Marketplacep. 488
International Marketing Law: Sales Representatives, Advertising, and Ethical Issuesp. 490
Regulation of Relationships with Representativesp. 490
Regulation of Advertising Abroadp. 494
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Actp. 501
Chapter Summaryp. 509
Licensing Agreements and the Protection of Intellectual Property Rightsp. 511
Reasons for Intellectual Property Transfer Arrangementsp. 511
Intellectual Property Rights: Transfer Agreementsp. 512
International Protection for Patents, Trademarks, and Other Intellectual Propertyp. 513
Government Policies in Emerging Nationsp. 523
Attitudes in Developed Nationsp. 525
Nonenforcement of IPR Lawsp. 528
The Mechanics of IPR Transfer Regulationsp. 531
The Gray Marketp. 533
Franchising: Licensing Outside the Technological Contextp. 535
Chapter Summaryp. 537
Host-Country Regulation: Corporate Law, Taxation, and Currency Riskp. 541
Host-Country Corporate Law Affecting Foreign Investmentp. 541
Minority Ownership Investmentsp. 542
Majority Ownership Interestsp. 546
Controlling Currency Riskp. 554
Chapter Summaryp. 557
Nationalization, Expropriation, and Privatizationp. 559
Theories Relating to Takings of Foreign Propertyp. 559
Guarding Against Political Riskp. 564
Historical Development of Privatizationp. 575
Preparation for Privatizationp. 576
Models of Privatizationp. 579
Regulation of the Privatized Entityp. 588
Chapter Summaryp. 591
Labor and Employment Discrimination Lawp. 594
General Directions of Labor Law Abroadp. 594
Employment Discrimination Outside the United Statesp. 597
Foreign Laws Permitting Difficult Work Conditionsp. 606
Chapter Summaryp. 613
Environmental Lawp. 615
Ethical and Practical Considerations of Varying Environmental Requirementsp. 615
Traditional International Remediesp. 617
Emerging Problems and Solutionsp. 626
Chapter Summaryp. 635
Regulating the Competitive Environmentp. 637
Historical Development of International Competition Lawp. 637
Basic Regulatory Frameworkp. 638
Distinctions of Non-U.S. Competition Lawp. 642
Extraterritorial Effect of Competition Lawsp. 645
Chapter Summaryp. 655
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goodsp. 657
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Tradep. 673
Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods (Selected Provisions)p. 681
General Agreement on Trade in Services (Selected Provisions)p. 687
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rightsp. 689
North American Free Trade Agreementp. 695
Indexp. 703
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