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Criminology Theories, Patterns and Typologies

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ISBN-10: 0314045678

ISBN-13: 9780314045676

Edition: 5th 1995

Authors: Larry J. Siegel

List price: $53.25
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Description:

Includes learning objectives, names to know, key terms and objectives, and test bank to reinforce learned concepts.
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Book details

List price: $53.25
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 1995
Publisher: West Publishing Company, College & School Division
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 504
Language: English

Concepts of Crime, Law, and Criminology
Crime and Criminology
Introduction
The Study of Criminology
What Is Criminology?
A Brief History of Criminology
Classical Criminology
Nineteenth-Century Positivism
The Development of Sociological Criminology
The Foundations of Sociological Criminology
The Chicago School and Beyond
Conflict Criminology
Criminology Today
Criminology and Criminal Justice
The Distinction Between Criminology and Criminal Justice
The Distinction Between Criminology and Deviance
What Criminologists Do: The Criminological Enterprise
Criminal Statistics
Sociology of Law
Theory Construction
Criminal Behavior Systems
race, culture, gender, and criminology: The Changing Face of International Crime Rates
Penology
Victimology
How Criminologists View Crime
The Consensus View of Crime
The Conflict View of Crime
The Interactionist View of Crime
Defining Crime
Criminology Research Methods
Survey Research
Cohort Research
Aggregate Data Research
Experimental Research
Observational and Interview Research
Ethical Issues in Criminology
Summary
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Criminal Law and Its Processes
Introduction
The Origin of Law
Early Crime, Punishment, and Law in Chaos
Origins of Common Law
Compensation for Crime
The Norman Conquest
Common Law
Policy and praotice in criminology Origin of the Jury Trial
Common Law and Statutory Law
Common Law and Statutory Law in America
Common Law in Other Cultures
Classification of Law
Crimes and Torts
Felonies and Misdemeanors
Mala in Se and Mala Prohibitum
Functions of Criminal Law
Enforcing Social Control
Discouraging Revenge
Expressing Public Opinion and Morality
Deterring Criminal Behavior
Punishing Wrongdoing
Maintaining Social Order
The Legal Definition of a Crime
Actus Reus
Mens Rea
Criminal Defenses
Ignorance or Mistake
Insanity
Intoxication
Duress
Policy and practice in criminology: The Insanity Controversy
Necessity
Self-Defense
Entrapment
Exotic Defenses
Changing Criminal Law
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
The Nature and Extent of Crime
Introduction
The Uniform Crime Report
Collecting the Uniform Crime Report
How Accurate Are the Uniform Crime Reports?
The Future of the Uniform Crime Report
Victim Surveys
The National Crime Victimization Survey
Is the NCVS Valid?
Self-Report Surveys
The Focus of Self-Reports
Are Self-Reports Accurate?
The "Missing Cases"
Are Crime Statistics Sources Compatible?
Crime Trends
The Criminological Enterprise: Explaining Crime Trends
Trends in Violent Crime
Trends in Property Crime
Trends in Self-Reports and Victimization
What the Future Holds
Crime Patterns
The Ecology of Crime
Use of Firearms
Policy and practice in criminology: Gun Control Practices
Social Class and Crime
Age and Crime
Gender and Crime
Race and Crime
Criminal Careers
Delinquency in a Birth Cohort
Implications of the Chronic Offender Concept
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Victims and Victimization
Introduction
Problems of Crime Victims
Loss
Suffering
Fear
Antisocial Behavior
The Nature of Victimization
The Social Ecology of Victimization
The Victim's Household
Victim Characteristics
The Victims and Their Criminals
The Criminological Enterprise: Victims of Stalking
Theories of Victimization
Victim Precipitation Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: Parents Who Get Killed and the Children Who Kill Them
Lifestyle Theories
Routine Activities Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: Crime and Everyday Life
Caring for the Victim
The Government's Response
Victim Service Programs
Victims' Rights
Self-Protection
Community Organization
Summary
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Theories of Crime Causation
Choice Theory
Introduction
The Development of Rational Choice Theory
The Classical Theory of Crime
Choice Theory Emerges
The Concepts of Rational Choice
Rational Choice and Routine Activities
Is Crime Rational?
Are Street Crimes Rational?
Is Drug Use Rational?
Can Violence Be Rational?
The Criminological Enterprise: In the Drug Business
The Seductions of Crime
Eliminating Crime
Situational Crime Prevention
Policy and practice in criminology: Reducing Subway Crime
General Deterrence
Specific Deterrence
race, culture, gender, and criminology: Deterring Domestic Violence
Rethinking Deterrence
Incapacitation
Policy Implications of Choice Theory
Just Desert
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Trait Theories
Introduction
Foundations of Biological Trait Theory
Impact of Sociobiology
Modern Trait Theories
The Criminological Enterprise: The Nature Assumption
Biological Trait Theories
Biochemical Conditions and Crime
Neurophysiological Conditions and Crime
Genetics and Crime
Evolutionary Views of Crime
Evaluation of the Biological Branch of Trait Theory
Psychological Trait Theories
Theory of Imitation
Psychodynamic Perspective
Behavioral Theories
Cognitive Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: The Media and Violence
Crime and Mental Illness
Personality and Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: The Antisocial Personality
Intelligence and Crime
Social Policy Implications
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Social Structure Theories
Introduction
Sociological Criminology
Economic Structure and Crime
Lower-Class Culture
Are the Poor Undeserving?
race, culture, gender, and criminology: When Work Disappears
Social Structure Theories
Branches of Social Structure Theory
Social Disorganization Theory
The Work of Shaw and McKay
The Social Ecology School
Strain Theories
Anomie
Theory of Anomie
Institutional Anomie Theory
Relative Deprivation Theory
General Strain Theory (GST)
Cultural Deviance Theory
Conduct Norms
Focal Concerns
Theory of Delinquent Subcultures
Theory of Differential Opportunity
Evaluation of Social Structure Theories
Is the Structural Approach Valid?
Social Structure Theory and Social Policy
Policy and practice in criminology: Operation Weed and Seed
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Social Process Theories
Introduction
Socialization and Crime
Family Relations
Educational Experience
Peer Relations
Institutional Involvement and Belief
The Effects of Socialization on Crime
Social Learning Theories
Differential Association Theory
Differential Reinforcement Theory
Neutralization Theory
Are Learning Theories Valid?
Social Control Theories
Self-Concept and Crime
Social Control Theory
Elements of the Social Bond
Testing Social Control Theory
Social Reaction Theory
Crime and Labeling Theory
Differential Enforcement
Becoming Labeled
Consequences of Labeling
Primary and Secondary Deviance
Research on Social Reaction Theory
Is Labeling Theory Valid?
An Evaluation of Social Process Theory
Social Process Theory and Social Policy
Policy and practice in criminology: Head Start
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Conflict Theory
Introduction
Marxist Thought
Productive Forces and Productive Relations
Surplus Value
Marx on Crime
Developing a Conflict Theory of Crime
The Contribution of Willem Bonger
The Contribution of Ralf Dahrendorf
The Contribution of George Vold
Conflict Theory
Conflict Criminology
Research on Conflict Theory
Analysis of Conflict Theory
Marxist Criminology
The Development of a Radical Criminology
Fundamentals of Marxist Criminology
Instrumental Marxism
Structual Marxism
Research on Marxist Criminology
The Criminological Enterprise: Marxist Theories of Crime
Critique of Marxist Criminology
Emerging Forms of Conflict Theory
Left Realism
Radical Feminist Theory
Power-Control Theory
Postmodern Theory
Peacemaking Criminology
Social Conflict Theory and Social Policy
The Criminological Enterprise: Restorative Justice
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Integrated Theories: Latent Trait and Developmental Theories
Introduction
Developing Complex Theories
The Criminological Enterprise: The Crime Prism
Latent Trait Theories
Human Nature Theory
General Theory of Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: Mating Habits and Crime
Control-Balance Theory
Developmental Theories
The Glueck Research
Developmental Concepts
Theories of Criminal Development
race, culture, gender, and criminology: Violent Female Criminals
The Social Development Model
Elliott's Integrated Theory
Farrington's Theory of Delinquent Development
Interactional Theory
Sampson and Laub: Age-Graded Theory
Commonalities and Distinctions
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Crime Typologies
Violent Crime
Introduction
The Roots of Violence
Personal Traits
The Criminological Enterprise: Violent Land
Ineffective Families
race, culture, gender, and criminology: Mothers Who Kill Their Children
Evolutionary Factors/Human Instinct
Exposure to Violence
Substance Abuse
Firearm Availability
Cultural Values
Forcible Rape
History of Rape
Incidence of Rape
Types of Rape/Rapists
TheCauses of Rape
Rape and the Law
Murder and Homicide
Degrees of Murder
The Nature and Extent of Murder
Murderous Relations
Types of Murders
The Criminological Enterprise: Mass Murder and Serial Killing
Assault and Battery
Patterns of Assault
The Nature and Extent of Assaults
Assault in the Home
Robbery
The Criminological Enterprise: Armed Robbers in Action
Emerging Forms of Interpersonal Violence
Hate Crimes
Workplace Violence
Political Violence
Terrorism
Forms of Terrorism
Extent of Terrorism
Who Is the Terrorist?
Responses to Terrorism
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Property Crimes
Introduction
A Brief History of Theft
Modern Thieves
Occasional Criminals
race, culture, gender, and criminology: Catching Thieves in Eighteenth-Century England
Professional Criminals
The Criminological Enterprise: Transforming Theft: Train Robbers and Safe Crackers
Larceny/Theft
Larceny Today
Varieties of Larceny
Shoplifting
Bad Checks
Credit Card Theft
Auto Theft
False Pretenses or Fraud
Confidence Games
Embezzlement
Burglary
The Nature and Extent of Burglary
Careers in Burglary
race, culture, gender, and criminology: The Female Burglar
The Criminological Enterprise: What Motivates Juvenile Firesetters?
Arson
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
White-Collar and Organized Crime
Introduction
White-Collar Crime
Redefining White-Collar Crime
The White-Collar Crime Problem
International White-Collar Crime
Components of White-Collar Crime
Stings and Swindles
Chiseling
Individual Exploitation of Institutional Position
Influence Peddling and Bribery
Embezzlement and Employee Fraud
Client Fraud
The Criminological Enterprise: The Savings and Loan Cases
Corporate Crime
High-Tech Crime
The Cause of White-Collar Crime
Greedy or Needy?
White-Collar Law Enforcement Systems
Corporate Policing
Controlling White-Collar Crime
Organized Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: Can Corporations Commit Murder?
Characteristics of Organized Crime
Activities of Organized Crime
The Concept of Organized Crime
Organized Crime Groups
Controlling Organized Crime
The Future of Organized Crime
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Public Order Crimes
Introduction
Law and Morality
Debating Morality
Homosexuality
Attitudes Toward Homosexuality
Homosexuality and the Law
Paraphilias
Prostitution
Incidence of Prostitution
Types of Prostitutes
Becoming a Prostitute
Legalize Prostitution?
Pornography
The Dangers of Pornography
Does Pronography Cause Violence?
Pornography and the Law
Controlling Sex for Profit
Substance Abuse
When Did Drug Use Begin?
Alcohol and Its Prohibition
Commonly Abused Drugs
The Extent of Substance Abuse
AIDS and Drug Use
The Causes of Substance Abuse
Types of Drug Users
Drugs and Crime
Drugs and the Law
The Criminological Enterprise: How Substance Abuse Provokes Violence
Drug Control Strategies
Policy and practice in oriminology: Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE)
Summary
Thinking Like A Criminologist
Key Terms
Notes
Glossary
Table of Cases
Name Index
Subject Index
Photo Credits