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Global Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance

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ISBN-10: 0306477777

ISBN-13: 9780306477775

Edition: 2003

Authors: David V. McQueen, Pekka Puska

List price: $149.00
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Description:

Behavioral risk factor surveillance involves systematically collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data on behaviors people engage in that put their health at risk. The opportunity exists to prevent the leading health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes by monitoring key lifestyle or behavioral risk factors including alcohol and tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. The volume contains the latest information on surveillance by the international public health community, including:-The WHO's Stepwise Approach.-The U.S.'s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.-The Finbalt Health Monitor.-The EURALIM Experience.-The Mega Country Health Promotion Network.-And much more.This book is for those currently involved in planning or conducting chronic disease risk factor surveillance. It is also a valuable reference for those interested in developing a global network of persons involved in this arena."This book is a godsend to those working in the area of monitoring and understanding changes overtime in chronic disease risk factors. It is a collection of 18 chapters authored by experts around the world and provides a comprehensive insight into establishing and maintaining the surveillance of behavioural risk factors both in developed and developing countries."(Qaiser Mukhtar, Journal of Epidemila Community Health, 59:6)
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Book details

List price: $149.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 8/31/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 255
Size: 6.75" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Introduction
Why is Global Surveillance Necessary? Towards Global Surveillance of Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors: Developments and Challenges
Introduction
Major Issues
International Structures
Recent Progress
References
The Who Stepwise Approach to Surveillance (Steps) of Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors
Introduction
The Emerging Epidemic of Chronic Diseases
Surveillance
Definitions
The Role of WHO in Responding to the NCD Epidemic
Risk Factor Surveillance or Disease Surveillance?
Choice of Risk Factors for Global NCD Surveillance
Choice of Core Measures
Who Stepwise Approach to Surveillance (Steps)
A Framework for NCD Risk Factor Surveillance
Inclusion of Additional NCD Risk Factors for Local Needs
Choice of Summary Measures
From Surveys to Surveillance
Conclusion
References
Appendix: Key Questions for Planning NCD Risk Factor Surveillance
What Are the Long-Term Objectives?
Which Risk Factors Will Be Measured?
How Will the Risk Factor Measures Be Obtained?
What Is the Sample for the Survey?
How Big Must the Sample Be?
Will the Data Be Trusted?
How Will the Data Be Handled and Analysed?
What Will the Project Cost?
What Ethical Approval Is Required?
Is Everything Ready To Start?
How Will Oversight and Quality Control of the Surveillance System Be Managed?
How Is Surveillance Infra-Structure Being Built and Maintained?
Partnerships, Strategies, and Alliances for Global Surveillance
Introduction
Users and Partners
Strategies for Partnership Development
Lessons from the Ground
China (Top-Down Partnership)
Australia (Bottom-Up Partnership)
Issues for Global Development
References
Analysis and Interpretation of Data from the U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
Introduction
The System
Development of the BRFSS
Sampling Procedures
Joint Venture
Expansion
Analysis and Interpretation of BRFSS Data
Questionnaire Flexibility
Sample Design
Data Quality
Accessibility of Data
Use of BRFSS Data by States
Use of BRFSS Data by CDC and Other Agencies
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References
Surveillance Systems and Data Analysis: Continuously Collected Behavioural Data. British and American Examples
Introduction
Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance Systems
Peculiarities of Data from Surveillance Systems
Sample Goals and Approaches
Simple Trend Estimates
"Sophisticated" Trend Estimates (and Inter-Action among Variables)
Deconstruction of Change
Trends and Changes in the Association among Variables
Evaluation and Intervention Analyses
Estimate of the Change Point over Time
Conclusion
References
Finbalt Health Monitor. Monitoring Health Behaviour in Finland and the Baltic Countries
Introduction
Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania: Nations and Populations
Conducting the Finbalt Health Monitor
Origins and History of the Finbalt Project
Administration of the Finbalt Project
Development of the Finbalt Questionnaire
Main Domains of the 1998 Finbalt Questionnaire
Evaluation of the Finbalt Material
Data Collection
Quality of the Data
Discussion
Conclusions
References
Towards a European Health Monitoring System. Results of a Pilot Study on Physical Activity
Introduction
Background: Relevance of the European Community Approach to Health Monitoring
The Health Monitoring Programme
Demonstration Project: The European Physical Activity Surveillance System
Inventory of Physical Activity Indicators, Surveys, and Surveillance Structures
Data and Methods
Comparison of Existing European Union Physical Activity Surveys
Development of New Survey Indicators
Design and Methods Testing
Data, Testing, and Results
Indicator Test Study
Response Rates for Telephone and Mail Surveys
Results of Reliability Analysis
Results of Comparability Analysis
Results of Regression Analysis: Predictive Power Related to Subjective Health Status
General Conclusion
Next Steps of Development
Acknowledgements
References
Comparison of Surveillance Data on Metropolitan and Rural Health. Diabetes in Southern Australia as an Example
Background
Introduction
Methods
Participants
Data Collection
Statistical Methods
Results
Discussion
References
Did They Use It? Beyond the Collection of Surveillance Information
Introduction
Surveillance Assumptions and Context
Understanding the Dimensions of Use
What Is Used?
What Are the Kinds of Uses?
Who Uses It?
When Is It Used?
How Direct Is the Derivation?
How Much Effect Is Needed before Data Are Considered Used?
How Well Is It Used?
Implications for Use
Acknowledgement
References
Harmonising Local Health Survey Data. The Euralim Experience
Introduction
Euralim
Objectives
Study Design
Harmonisation and Database Management
Harmonisation of Dietary Data
Comparison of Within-Population Contrasts
Information Campaign
The Euralim Experience
Co-ordination of Locally Based Surveys
Definition of New Uniform Variables
Age Standardisation
Contrasts by Gender, Age Group, and Social Class
Realistic Public Health Objectives
Strategies for Global Surveillance of Health Determinants
Acknowledgement
References
Appendix: Euralim Sites and Key Personnel
Analysis, Interpretation, and Use of Complex Social and Behavioral Surveillance Data. Looking Back in Order to go Forward
Introduction
Framework and Goals of the Meeting
Plenary Session
Working Groups
Analysis Group
Interpretation Group
Data Use Group
Closing Session and Development of Recommendations
Conclusion
Mega Country Health Promotion Network Surveillance Initiative. Strengthening the Capacity of the World's Most Populous Countries to Monitor Non-Communicable Disease Behavioural Risk Factors
Introduction
Experiences Conducting Continuous Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in the United States and China
U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
China's Adaptation of the BRFSS
Comparison of U.S. and China Surveillance Systems
Lessons Learned
Issues for Further Consideration
Mega Country Health Promotion Network Surveillance Goals
Moving from Surveys to Surveillance
Addressing Critical Population-Based NCD Health Needs
Contributing to Global NCD Data Collection
Surveillance Challenges in the Mega Countries
Conclusion
References
Epidemiological Surveillance System in Latin America and the Caribbean. Perspectives, Challenges, and Solutions
Introduction
Epidemiological Surveillance in Latin America and the Caribbean
Background
Limitations and Challenges
A Community-Based Information and Epidemiological Surveillance System: An Answer to the Obstacles in Developing Countries
Rationale
Information and Epidemiological Surveillance System for School-Age and Adolescent Populations (SIVEA)
Conclusion
References
Creating a Synthetic Behavioural Risk Factor Index to Assess Trends in Surveillance Data. An Index of Risk for Cardio-Vascular Disease as an Example
Introduction
Creating a Synthetic Behavioural Risk Factor Index
The U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
History of the BRFSS
BRFSS Methodology
Using BRFSS Data to Create a Synthetic Index
Methods
The Cardiovascular Disease Behavioral Risk Index (CaDRI)
The Delphi Technique
Data Analysis
Results
Discussion
References
Perspectives on Building Infra-Structure, Comparing Data, and Using Surveillance Data in Developing Countries
Introduction
Background
Issues
Capacity
Comparability
Data Use
Themes
Time as a Variable
Sampling Methods
Data Collection
Data Analysis
How Data Are Used
Limitations
Conclusion
Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance in Latin America and the Caribbean. Advances Supported by the Pan American Health Organization
The Pan American Health Organization
Surveillance of Non-Communicable Diseases
Questionnaire Development
Survey Evaluation
Conclusion
References
Perspectives on Global Risk Factor Surveillance. Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead
The Watershed
The Power of Behavioural Monitoring
Terminology
Four Essentials of a Socio-Behavioural Monitoring System for Public Health
Two Major Areas of Concern for Socio-Behavioural Monitoring
History and Development of Questionnaires Used in Risk Factor Surveillance
Challenges in Questionnaires
Opportunities in Questionnaires
Analysis of Surveillance Data
Conclusions