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Psychology of Secrets

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ISBN-10: 0306466570

ISBN-13: 9780306466571

Edition: 2002

Authors: Anita E. Kelly

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The public revelation of what were once considered extremely private matters is becoming a new social norm. Has this movement toward openness gone too far? Are there negative consequences to revealing secrets? When and why is it helpful to reveal secrets? What can be done to alleviate the burden of secrecy? Will the anguish of keeping a secret pass in time? What factors should enter into deciding to reveal a secret? This book addresses these questions.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 1/31/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 263
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

The Nature of Secrecy
Defining Secrecy
How Common Is Secrecy?
Types of Secrets People Keep
Why People Keep Secrets
Rules of Revealing Secrets
Why People Reveal Secrets
Individual Differences in Secret Keeping
Correlates of Unconscious Inhibition and the Repressive Coping Style
Correlates of Conscious Inhibition
Profile of a Secret Keeper
Why Secrecy Is Linked to Problems
Inhibition Model
Preoccupation Model
Self-Perception Model
Diminishes Social Support
A Predispositional Explanation
Health Benefits of Revealing
Revealing Traumatic versus Trivial Events
Revealing to a Psychotherapist versus Revealing Privately
Writing versus Talking
Revealing Previously Disclosed versus Undisclosed Events
Revealing Real versus Imagined Traumas
Healthy Undergraduates versus Clinical Samples
What Is It about Revealing Secrets That Is Beneficial?
New Insights
New Insights versus Catharsis
Study 1
Study 2
Secrecy and Openness in Psychotherapy
Theoretical Perspectives on the Role of Clients' Openness
Empirical Findings on the Role of Clients' Openness in Therapy
Why Openness May Not Be Therapeutic: A Self-Presentational View of Psychotherapy
Self-Presentation Research
Self-Presentational View of Client Change
Dilemmas to Revealing Secrets and the Role of the Confidant
Negative Consequences of Revealing Secrets
Positive Consequences of Revealing Secrets
Consequences of Revealing May Depend on the Confidant
Features of Helpful Confidants
Optimal Number of Confidants
When to Reveal Personal Secrets in a Particular Relationship
Proposed Model for When to Reveal
Options to Revealing the Complete Truth
Testing the Model with Sample Secrets