Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico

ISBN-10: 0292705026

ISBN-13: 9780292705029

Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)

Authors: Anthony F. Aveni

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From reviews of the first edition: ". . . a clear, well-written introduction to archaeoastronomy [that] should be on the shelf of anyone interested in the subject." Archaeology ". . . a splendid book, interesting both as science and as history." Sky and Telescope ". . . a well-written, stimulating, and excellently illustrated book. Buy it or borrow it!" Archaeoastronomy Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico helped establish the field of archaeoastronomy, and it remains the standard introduction to this subject. Combining basic astronomy with archaeological and ethnological data, it presented a readable and entertaining synthesis of all that was known of ancient astronomy in the western hemisphere as of 1980. In this revised edition, Anthony Aveni draws on his own and others' discoveries of the past twenty years to bring the Skywatchers story up to the present. He offers new data and interpretations in many areas, including: The study of Mesoamerican time and calendrical systems and their unprecedented continuity in contemporary Mesoamerican culture The connections between Precolumbian religion, astrology, and scientific, quantitative astronomy The relationship between Highland Mexico and the world of the Maya and the state of Pan-American scientific practices The use of personal computer software for computing astronomical data With this updated information, Skywatchers will serve a new generation of general and scholarly readers and will be useful in courses on archaeoastronomy, astronomy, history of astronomy, history of science, anthropology, archaeology, and world religions.
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Book details

List price: $34.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 8/15/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 423
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Introduction: Archaeoastronomy and Its Components
Archaeoastronomy: Twenty Years of Hindsight
Additional Selected Readings
The Historical, Ethnographic, and Ethnological Background for Native American Astronomy
The Civilizations of Ancient Mesoamerica
Chroniclers and Codices
Aztec Constellations
Astronomy and the Ethnological Record: The Importance of the Zenith Solar Passage
Additional Selected Readings
Astronomy with the Naked Eye
The Celestial Sphere: Coordinate Reference Frames
Charting the Sun's Movement
The Moon, Eclipses, and Eclipse Cycles
Cycles of the Planets
Miscellaneous Observable Sky Phenomena
Glossary of Astronomical Terms of Importance in Archaeoastronomy
Factors Affecting the Precise Determination of Astronomical Orientations
Heliacal Rise and Set Phenomena
Determining the Approximate Date of Sunrise or Sunset for a Given Azimuth
Change of Direction of the Magnetic Compass with Time in Mesoamerica
Some Basic Formulas Useful for Fieldwork in Archaeoastronomy
How to Determine Alignments with the Surveyor's Transit
Additional Selected Readings, Electronic Resources, and Star Maps-
The Mathematical and Astronomical Content of the Mesoamerican Inscriptions
A Brief History of Calendrical Decipherment
The Mesoamerican Philosophy of Numbers
The Long Count
The Calendar Round
The Union of Time and Space in Mesoamerican Cosmology
How the Calendar Works
The Supplementary Series and the Lunar Synodic Month
Tropical Year Calculations
Planetary Events in the Monumental Inscriptions
Astronomy in the Maya Codices
General Content of the Codices
Astronomy in the Maya Codices
Eclipses and Eclipse Tables
Astronomy in the Maya Codices
Astronomy in the Maya Codices
A Mars Table
Was There a Mesoamerican Zodiac?
The Problem of the Correlation of Maya and Christian Dates
A Scheme for the Conversion of Maya Dates
Additional Selected Readings
Astronomy and Architecture in the Ancient Americas and Mediterranean Basin
The Orientation Motive
City and Cosmos: Urban Planning in Highland Mexico
Cosmic Order in the Aztec Capital
Maya Cities: Architecture and Sacred Landscape
Specialized Architectural Assemblages
North America
The Andean World
Summary: Astronomy in Ancient American Cultures
Circum-Mediterranean Archaeoastronomy
An Analysis of the Pecked Cross Petroglyphs
Additional Selected Readings
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