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Innovation and Incentives

ISBN-10: 0262693437

ISBN-13: 9780262693431

Edition: 2006

Authors: Suzanne Scotchmer

List price: $42.00
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Description:

Opening with a historical overview of the institutions that support innovation, this volume discusses knowledge as a public good, the economic design of intellectual property, models of cumulative innovation, globalization, and a range of other issues relating to the economics of innovation.
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Book details

List price: $42.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 8/11/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 376
Size: 6.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.650
Language: English

Preface
Institutions: A Brief Excursion through History
The Ancients
In Between: Monasteries, Guilds, and Universities
Early Modern Europe: Patents, Prizes, and Patrons
Patents Come into Their Own
Modern Patrons: Foundations
Big Science and the Growth of Government Funding
Modern Hybrid Institutions
Conclusion
Investing in Knowledge
Intellectual Property: Tolls on the Information Highway
Ideas and Innovations
Prizes
Choosing among Ideas
Contests
Efficient Investments in Knowledge
Summary
Technical Notes
A Primer for Nonlawyers on Intellectual Property
Patents
Copyright
Trade Secrets
Miscellaneous Rights
The Problem of Disclosure
Breadth and the Required Inventive Step
Intellectual Property and Antitrust
Technical Note: Doing Legal Research
On the Optimal Design of Intellectual Property
How Profitable Should Intellectual Property Rights Be?
Breadth as a Policy Lever
Structuring the Profit: Length and Breadth
Some Virtues and Defects of Patent Races
The Role of Exemptions
The Problem of One-Size-Fits-All
Technical Notes
Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Protecting Cumulative Innovators
Three Types of Cumulativeness
Basic and Applied Research
Research Tools
Quality Ladders
Breadth and Inventive Step on a Quality Ladder
Prospecting
Summary
Licensing, Joint Ventures, and Competition Policy
Licensing for Productive Efficiency
Competition Policy in the Innovation Context
Ex Ante Mergers and R&D Joint Ventures
Ex Post Mergers and Patent Pools
Collective Rights Management Organizations and Compulsory Licensing
Licensing versus Sale of Protected Works
Technical Notes
Litigation and Enforcement
Evidence on Litigation
Remedies for Infringement and How They Matter
Enforcement of Copyrights by Technical Protection Measures
Limited Sharing of Copyrighted Works
Innovation Today: A Private-Public Partnership
The Tangled Web of Funding Relationships
University Innovation
Government Innovation
Mixed Private-Public Incentives
The Government Grant Process
The Virtues of Open Science
Technical Note: Disclosure and Expected Time to Discovery
The Value of R&D and Patents
R&D and Productivity Growth
Patent Data and the Private Value of R&D Spending
The Skewed Distribution of Patent Values
Summary
Networks and Network Effects
Direct Network Benefits
Systems Competition and Proprietary Interfaces
Physical Networks: The Internet
Physical Networks: Cell Phones
Technical Notes
Innovation in the Global Economy
Trade Policy and Treaties
National Treatment and Efficient Protection
Country-Level Optimal Protection
National Autonomy and Protected Subject Matters
Intellectual Property and the Public Domain
National Autonomy and Trade Rules
Externalities and International Cooperation
Conclusion
Index