Cities and Complexity Understanding Cities with Cellular Automata, Agent-Based Models, and Fractals

ISBN-10: 0262524791

ISBN-13: 9780262524797

Edition: 2007

Authors: Michael Batty

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Description:

As urban planning moves from a centralized, top-down approach to a decentralized, bottom-up perspective, our conception of urban systems is changing. In Cities and Complexity, Michael Batty offers a comprehensive view of urban dynamics in the context of complexity theory, presenting models that demonstrate how complexity theory can embrace a myriad of processes and elements that combine into organic wholes. He argues that bottom-up processes -- in which the outcomes are always uncertain -- can combine with new forms of geometry associated with fractal patterns and chaotic dynamics to provide theories that are applicable to highly complex systems such as cities. Batty begins with models based on cellular automata (CA), simulating urban dynamics through the local actions of automata. He then introduces agent-based models (ABM), in which agents are mobile and move between locations. These models relate to many scales, from the scale of the street to patterns and structure at the scale of the urban region. Finally, Batty develops applications of all these models to specific urban situations, discussing concepts of criticality, threshold, surprise, novelty, and phase transition in the context of spatial developments. Every theory and model presented in the book is developed through examples that range from the simplified and hypothetical to the actual. Deploying extensive visual, mathematical, and textual material, Cities and Complexity will be read both by urban researchers and by complexity theorists with an interest in new kinds of computational models. Sample chapters and examples from the book, and other related material, can be found at http://www.complexcity.info by clicking on the link to the left.
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Book details

List price: $60.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 8/24/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 592
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.838
Language: English

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Understanding Cities
Urban Change: Complexity and Emergence
Cells and Cities: The Rudiments of Computation
Laboratories for Growing Cities
Desktop Simulators: Hypothetical Urban Evolution
Agents and Cells, Actions and Interactions
Local Movement: Agent-Based Models of Street Systems and Buildings
The Dynamics of Small-Scale Spatial Events
Polynucleated Urban Landscapes
Modeling Urban Growth as a Spatial Epidemic
Self-Organized Criticality and Urban Development
The Fractal City
Conclusion: Understanding Models
References
Author Index
Subject Index
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