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Emergence Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

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ISBN-10: 0262524759

ISBN-13: 9780262524759

Edition: 2007

Authors: Mark A. Bedau, Paul Humphreys

List price: $47.00
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Description:

Emergence, largely ignored just thirty years ago, has become one of the liveliest areas of research in both philosophy and science. Fueled in part by advances in complexity theory, artificial life, physics, psychology, sociology, and biology and by the parallel development of new conceptual tools in philosophy, the idea of emergence offers a way to understand a wide variety of complex phenomena in ways that are intriguingly different from more traditional approaches. This reader collects for the first time in one easily accessible place classic writings on emergence from contemporary philosophy and science. The chapters, by such prominent scholars as John Searle, Stephen Weinberg, William Wimsatt, Thomas Schelling, Jaegwon Kim, Robert Laughlin, Daniel Dennett, Herbert Simon, Stephen Wolfram, Jerry Fodor, Philip Anderson, and David Chalmers, cover the major approaches to emergence. Each of the three sections ("Philosophical Perspectives," "Scientific Perspectives," and "Background and Polemics") begins with an introduction putting the chapters into context and posing key questions for further exploration. A bibliography lists more specialized material, and an associated website (http://mitpress.mit.edu/emergence) links to downloadable software and to other sites and publications about emergence. Contributors: P. W. Anderson, Andrew Assad, Nils A. Baas, Mark A. Bedau, Mathieu S. Capcarregrave;re, David Chalmers, James P. Crutchfield, Daniel C. Dennett, J. Doyne Farmer, Jerry Fodor, Carl Hempel, Paul Humphreys, Jaegwon Kim, Robert B. Laughlin, Bernd Mayer, Brian P. McLaughlin, Ernest Nagel, Martin Nillson, Michael W. Olesen, Paul Oppenheim, Norman H. Packard, David Pines, Steen Rasmussen, Edmund M. A. Ronald, Thomas Schelling, John Searle, Robert S. Shaw, Herbert Simon, Moshe Sipper, Stephen Weinberg, William Wimsatt, and Stephen Wolfram
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Book details

List price: $47.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 3/21/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.606
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Sources
Introduction
Philosophical Perspectives on Emergence
Introduction to Philosophical Perspectives on Emergence
The Rise and Fall of British Emergentism
On the Idea of Emergence
Reductionism and the Irreducibility of Consciousness
Emergence and Supervenience
Aggregativity: Reductive Heuristics for Finding Emergence
How Properties Emerge
Making Sense of Emergence
Downward Causation and Autonomy in Weak Emergence
Real Patterns
Scientific Perspectives on Emergence
Introduction to Scientific Perspectives on Emergence
More Is Different: Broken Symmetry and the Nature of the Hierarchical Structure of Science
Emergence
Sorting and Mixing: Race and Sex
Alternative Views of Complexity
The Theory of Everything
Is Anything Ever New? Considering Emergence
Design, Observation, Surprise! A Test of Emergence
Ansatz for Dynamical Hierarchies
Background and Polemics
Introduction to Background and Polemics
Newtonianism, Reductionism, and the Art of Congressional Testimony
Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations
Chaos
Undecidability and Intractability in Theoretical Physics
Special Sciences (Or: The Disunity of Science as a Working Hypothesis)
Supervenience
The Nonreductivist's Troubles with Mental Causation
Annotated Bibliography
About the Authors
Index