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Language, Consciousness, Culture Essays on Mental Structure

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ISBN-10: 026251253X

ISBN-13: 9780262512534

Edition: 2007

Authors: Ray Jackendoff

List price: $25.00
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Description:

Ray Jackendoff's Language, Consciousness, Culturerepresents a breakthrough in developing an integrated theory of human cognition. It will be of interest to a broad spectrum of cognitive scientists, including linguists, philosophers, psycholinguists, neuroscientists, cognitive anthropologists, and evolutionary psychologists. Jackendoff argues that linguistics has become isolated from the other cognitive sciences at least partly because of the syntax-based architecture assumed by mainstream generative grammar. He proposes an alternative parallel architecture for the language faculty that permits a greater internal integration of the components of language and connects far more naturally to…    
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Book details

List price: $25.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 1/23/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 432
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Ray Jackendoff is Seth Merrin Professor of Philosophy and Codirector of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University. He is the author of many books, including Foundations of Language.

Series Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
The Nicod Lectures
Mental Structure
Locating the Study of Mental Structure in Cognitive Neuroscience
Mental "Structure" versus Mental "Representation"
The Mental Structures of a Simple Sentence
Relevance to Neuroscience
An Overall Vision of Mental Architecture
A Caution, and What Modularity Means
Reintegrating Generative Grammar
Introduction
Three Founding Themes of Generative Grammar
The Broken Promise
Deep Structure Would Be the Key to the Mind
A Scientific Mistake
Syntactocentrism
Phonology as an Exemplar of the Parallel Architecture
The Syntax-Semantics Interface
The Outcome
Parallel Architecture
Another Fundamental Mistake
The Lexicon/Grammar Distinction
The Words-and-Rules Controversy
Four Ways the Parallel Architecture Helps Integrate Linguistics with Cognitive Neuroscience
Conclusions
Conscious and Unconscious Aspects of Language Structure
The State of the Art
What Parts of Linguistic Are Conscious?
A Second Dimension of Consciousness
Valuation
The Role of Attention in Consciousness
How Language Enhances Thought
Concluding Remarks, Including Evolution of Language Again
Shaking Hands and Making Coffee: The Structure of Complex Actions
Introduction
Shaking Hands
Making Coffee
Building Structure
Summing Up
Cognition of Society and Culture
Social Cognition as a Cognitive Capacity
Parallels with Linguistics
Objections from Social Science
A Role for Linguistics
The Physical and the Social/Personal Domains
Affiliations
Kinship, Alliances, Dominance
Groups
Cooperation and Competition
Framing
Rules and Other Normative Principles
What Grounds Morality?
Where Science Bumps Up against Politics
The Structure of Social Cognition and Theory of Mind
Perception Verbs and Theory of Mind
Introduction to Part II
Overview of Conceptual Structure
Actors and Patients/Undergoers
Experiencers and Stimuli
AFF, EXP, and Theory of Mind
The Mapping of EXP to Syntax
Experiencer Verbs without Overt Experiencers
Objective and Subjective Psychological and Evaluative Predicates
The Problems
Classes of A�ective/Evaluative Psychological Predicates
Experiencer-Subject Adjectives and Verbs
Stimulus-Subject Adjectives
Stimulus-Subject Verbs
Adding the Macrorole Tier
Valence in the Macrorole Tier
More Theory of Mind
Why Subjective and Objective Systems?
Intending and Volitional Action
Introduction
Animate Actions as a Special Class of Situations
Situational and Actional Attitudes
The Folk Metaphysics of Actional Attitudes
The Conceptual Structure of Believe and Intend
Doing Something Intentionally, the Volitionality of Action, and Imperatives
Fulfilling versus Voiding an Intention Purposes
Joint Intentions
Conclusion
The Logic of Value
Overview
Affective Value
Utility
Getting Into and Out Of the System
Resource Value, Quality, and Prowess
Normative Value and Personal Normative Value
Some Inferences Involving Normative Value
Esteem
Summary
Fairness, Reciprocity, and Exchange
Fairness and Selfishness
Reciprocation, Retaliation, and Restitution
Honoring, Shaming, and Apologizing
Deserving
Exchange
Linguistic Expression of Exchange of Objects and Actions
Rights and Obligations
Introduction
The Argument Structure of Rights and Obligations
What One Can Do with Rights and Obligations
Rights and Obligations Are Not Understood Metaphorically
Existentially versus Universally Quantified Rights and Obligations
The Fundamental Principles of Rights and Obligations
Consequences of Noncompliance
Reciprocal Rights and Obligations
Authority
Where Does It Come From?
Trumpets and Drums
Methodology in Studying Social Cognition and Theory of Mind
Theory of Mind and Social Cognition
What's Innate, and What's Special to Humans?
References
Index