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From Groups to Individuals Evolution and Emerging Individuality

ISBN-10: 0262018721

ISBN-13: 9780262018722

Edition: 2013

Authors: Fr�d�ric Bouchard, Philippe Huneman, Ellen Clarke, Peter Godfrey-smith, Charles J. Goodnight

List price: $61.00
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Description:

Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the naturalworld is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, andother fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature's paradigmatic individuals,science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could beorganized. When living beings work together -- as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoansymbiosis -- new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider thebiological and philosophical implications of the emergence of these new collective individuals fromassociations of living beings. The topics they consider range from metaphysical issues to biologicalresearch on natural selection, sociobiology, and symbiosis. The contributors investigateindividuality and its relationship to evolution and the specific concept of organism; the tensionbetween group evolution and individual adaptation; and the structure of collective individuals andthe extent to which they can be defined by the same concept of individuality. These new perspectiveson evolved individuality should trigger important revisions to both philosophical and biologicalconceptions of the individual. Contributors:Frédéric Bouchard,Ellen Clarke, Jennifer Fewell, Andrew Gardner, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Charles J. Goodnight, MattHaber, Andrew Hamilton, Philippe Huneman, Samir Okasha, Thomas Pradeu, Scott Turner, Minus vanBaalen
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Book details

List price: $61.00
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 3/22/2013
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 304
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342

Anupama Joshi is the Executive Director and Cofounder of the National Farm to School Network, a project of Tides Center (formerly based at the Urban & Environmental Policy Institute at Occidental College).Fr�d�ric Bouchard is Associate Professor in the Philosophy Department at the Universit� deMontr�al. Bouchard and Huneman (with other colleagues) founded the Consortium for the History andPhilosophy of Biology.

Series Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Organisms and Individuality
Darwinian Individuals
Defining the Individual
Species and Organisms: What Are the Problems?
Immunity and the Emergence of Individuality
Adaptation and Complex Individuals
Adaptation of Individuals and Groups
The Unit of Adaptation, the Emergence of Individuality, and the Loss of Evolutionary Sovereignty
Adaptations in Transitions: How to Make Sense of Adaptation When Beneficiaries Emerge Simultaneously with Benefits?
Groups and Collectives as Individuals
Groups, Individuals, and the Emergence of Sociality: The Case of Division of Labor
Colonies Are Individuals: Revisiting the Superorganism Revival
Superorganisms and Superindividuality: The Emergence of Individuality in a Social Insect Assemblage
What Is a Symbiotic Superindividual and How Do You Measure Its Fitness?
Contributors
Index